What is a blood glucose test?
A blood glucose test is a blood test that screens for diabetes by measuring the level of glucose (sugar) in a person’s blood.
Who is most at risk for developing diabetes?
The following categories of people are considered "high-risk" candidates for developing diabetes:
- Individuals who are obese
- Individuals with first-degree relatives with diabetes (such as parents, children, or siblings)
- Native Americans, Latinos, Asian-Americans, Pacific Islanders, African-Americans
- Women who developed diabetes while they were pregnant or gave birth to large babies (9 pounds or more)
- Individuals with high blood pressure (140/90 or higher)
- Individuals with high-density lipoprotein (HDL, the "good cholesterol level") below 25 mg/dl or triglyceride levels at or above 250 mg/dl
- Individuals who have impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance
- Individuals who are physically inactive; engaging in exercise less than three times a week
In addition to testing the above individuals at high risk, the American Diabetes Association also recommends screening all individuals age 45 and older.