What is hypoglycemia?

People who have diabetes and use insulin or diabetes pills can have low blood sugar (glucose). Low blood sugar, called hypoglycemia, happens when the level of sugar in the blood falls below 70 mg/dl. Blood sugar drops when there is more insulin than needed to regulate the sugar level.

What are the causes of hypoglycemia?

  • Eating meals late or skipping meals.
  • Not eating the whole meal or enough carbohydrates.
  • Being more active than usual.
  • Taking more medicine than needed.
  • Drinking alcohol without eating.
  • Any combination of the above.

What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia?

  • Weakness or shaking.
  • Moist skin, sweating.
  • Fast heartbeat.
  • Dizziness.
  • Sudden hunger.
  • Confusion.
  • Pale skin.
  • Numbness in mouth or tongue.
  • Irritability, nervousness.
  • Unsteadiness.
  • Nightmares, bad dreams, restless sleep.

You might pass out if your hypoglycemia is not treated.

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