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Cleveland Clinic Doctor examining a patient | Heart Failure

Heart Failure

Your heart pumps blood through your body all day long, every day. But sometimes, it might stop doing that as well as it used to.

We call this heart failure (or congestive heart failure). It doesn’t mean your heart has stopped working. It means it’s lost some of its pumping power. Blood may not move through your body like it did before. This can damage your organs and cause fluid to build up in your lungs. The good news? Heart failure can be treated.

At Cleveland Clinic, we’re experts in heart care. Our world-renowned team of industry leading heart specialists and surgeons treat all kinds of heart failure. We’re known for our expertise, excellent outcomes and compassionate care. We’ll help you control your symptoms and keep your heart damage from getting worse.

Why Choose Cleveland Clinic for Heart Failure Care?

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National recognition:

Cleveland Clinic is nationally ranked for its heart care and recognized as the world leader in cardiovascular care.

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Recognized expertise:

Cleveland Clinic has received many awards and recognition for its excellent heart care. Since 2011, Cleveland Clinic has maintained the American Heart Association’s Get with the Guidelines Heart Failure GOLD Plus certification. This recognizes hospitals for successfully using the Get with the Guidelines treatment recommendations to improve quality of care for people with heart failure.

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Quality focus:

Cleveland Clinic’s intensive care unit has received the Beacon Award of Excellence from the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN). This recognizes the highest level of performance in quality standards for patient safety and satisfaction.

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Specialized knowledge:

We have a special nursing unit for people with less critical heart failure. Our team created an in-depth checklist to make sure you know how to best manage your condition after you leave the hospital.

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Collaborative care:

No two cases of heart failure are the same. That’s why you’ll have a highly personalized care team of healthcare providers from different specialties — selected for your unique needs. Your team will include the top cardiologists, cardiothoracic surgeons, cardiac rehabilitation specialists and more. Meet our team.

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Patient-centered care:

Your excellent care is always our top priority. And it shows. Our heart specialists consistently get top marks on satisfaction surveys, and Cleveland Clinic is regularly recommended for heart care.

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Virtual visits:

Not all appointments need to be in person. With our virtual visits, you can sometimes meet one-on-one with your providers using a smartphone, tablet or computer.

Diagnosing Heart Failure at Cleveland Clinic

Many medical conditions can damage your heart muscle and cause heart failure. We specialize in treating all types, including:

Sometimes, the signs of heart failure can be clear. You may feel tired or weak, or find it hard to catch your breath. Maybe you’ve noticed swelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and stomach. Or you might have a dry, hacking cough that won’t go away. Other times, you may only have mild symptoms or none at all.

Because heart failure typically gets worse over time, you may notice more symptoms as it moves from one stage into another. These stages include:

  • Stage A: Pre-heart failure that flags you as high risk because of a family history or having certain medical conditions.
  • Stage B: Pre-heart failure because your healthcare provider has diagnosed you with systolic left ventricular dysfunction, but you haven’t had heart failure symptoms.
  • Stage C: You’ve had symptoms and have been diagnosed with heart failure.
  • Stage D: Your symptoms have gotten worse (advanced) and aren’t getting better with treatment. This is the final stage of heart failure.

What to expect at your first visit

Hearing you may have heart failure can be unsettling. But we want you to feel comfortable moving forward with the next steps. So, when you come see us for the first time, we’ll take some time to talk.

Your provider will ask what symptoms you have, when you first noticed them and if they’re getting worse. We’ll go over your medical history and ask if any family members also have heart disease.

Then you’ll have a physical exam. Your provider will look for signs of heart failure and other conditions that could affect your heart. You may also have tests that use some of the most advanced technology. You could have:

These tests check for things like ejection fraction (EF) to help us find out how severe your heart failure is. EF measures how well your heart is pumping blood. Understanding this can help us decide what treatment will work best for you.

Meet Our Heart Failure Team

When you come to Cleveland Clinic, you’ll benefit from our team-based approach to care. This means we handpick a team of providers from different specialties based on your unique needs and what’s causing your heart failure. A cardiologist will likely lead this team, but it could also include:


Our healthcare providers see patients at convenient locations throughout Northeast Ohio, Florida and London.

Treating Heart Failure at Cleveland Clinic

Every heart failure diagnosis is unique. That’s why we work with you to craft a highly personalized treatment plan, focused on your stage and specific needs. You may have a variety of treatments in this plan.

Lifestyle changes

Eating healthy foods, exercising, staying at a weight that’s healthy for you and taking your medications as prescribed are all important. Doing these things can help keep your heart failure from getting worse and help you feel better. It might somewhat improve how your heart works.

You may need to make changes, like exercising regularly, stopping alcohol, tobacco and recreational drug use, and following a heart-healthy diet that’s low in salt (sodium). Cardiac rehab is a great way to get moving and make important lifestyle changes.


Heart failure medications can reduce your symptoms and slow or stop more damage. These drugs can also treat the underlying causes of your heart failure, like diabetes or kidney disease. They may also help you live a longer, healthier life and avoid having to go to the hospital.

Your providers make sure you take the right types and amounts of heart failure medications. Common ones are ACE inhibitors and beta-blockers. But there are other kinds you may need to take, depending on the stage of your heart failure and what’s causing it.

Remote monitoring

Depending on your diagnosis, your provider may decide to implant (place) a monitoring device (CardioMEMS™) in your body using a minimally invasive procedure.

This small (size of a paper clip) device keeps track of your heart rhythm and health and sends that information to a computer. It alerts your providers before you might even notice symptoms, so they can adjust your medications and keep you out of the hospital.

Electrical devices

If you have advanced heart failure, we may use an implantable cardiac device to keep your heart beating at a normal rhythm. Many of these devices have built-in features that help your providers keep track of your heart rhythm, your activity level and how well your heart is working.

Your provider will go over options, like:

Interventional management

Cleveland Clinic’s heart failure team can provide treatment without surgery (intervention). This is helpful if you’re at moderate-to-high risk for having surgery because of your heart’s health. Interventional treatments include:

Surgery for heart failure

Surgery is an option if other treatments haven’t worked to control your heart failure. We use the latest advances in minimally invasive procedures when possible. This includes robotic-assisted surgery, percutaneous (through the skin) and endoscopic treatments and thoracoscopy. Some of these minimally invasive treatments include catheter ablation and coronary angioplasty and stent.

We can also use a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). This is a mechanical pump that your provider places at the bottom of your heart, inside your chest. It helps a weak left ventricle pump blood to your aorta and throughout your body. It’s often used as a “bridge” between treatment and a heart transplant. This treatment option can also help if you aren’t able to have a heart transplant. It’s sometimes called destination therapy. An LVAD can help your heart pump blood for the rest of your life. Your provider will let you know if an LVAD is right for you based on your current health, symptoms, body size and if you have any other medical conditions.

Our surgeons are pioneers in high-risk:

And we’re leaders in using minimally invasive temporary assist pumps (mechanical circulatory support devices) as an alternative to a heart transplant or a VAD implant.

Heart transplant

Cleveland Clinic is also a leader in heart transplant surgery for severe heart failure. This surgery replaces a damaged heart with a healthy donor heart. You’ll need to meet specific requirements to qualify for this surgery. And you may need to wait a long time until a suitable donor heart is available.

After your transplant, you’ll need to have regular medical care for the rest of your life. The good news is that many people live for years, or even decades, after getting a new heart. Your care team will go over everything you need to know about this surgery if they feel this is the right option for you.

Taking the Next Step

Learning you have heart failure can leave you with a lot of questions. What does my future look like? Do I need surgery? Will I be OK? We’re here with the answers, support and personalized treatment you need — and deserve. Our experienced providers listen carefully and walk you through every step of your diagnosis, treatment, recovery and ongoing care. You can rest easy knowing you have a top care team on your side.

Getting an appointment with Cleveland Clinic’s heart failure experts is easy. We’re here to help you get the care you need.


Getting an appointment with Cleveland Clinic’s heart failure experts is easy. We’re here to help you get the care you need.

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