How is valve disease treated?

Treatments for valve disease include:

  • Protecting your valve from further damage by reducing the risk for endocarditis
  • Medications to ease symptoms and reduce the risk of further valve damage
  • Valve repair or replacement surgery, if needed
  • Catheter based procedures, if needed
  • Following up with your doctor for regular visits. Valve disease can get worse without any symptoms, so it is important to see your doctor as scheduled to checck your condition

The best treatment options for you depends on several factors, including the type of valve disease you have, the severity of damage, your age and medical history. Your health care team will talk to you about each option. It is important to see a cardiologist who can fully understand your condition and help you make the best choices for your treatment.

Treatment with medication

You may need medication to help your heart pump better. The medication helps make up for the loss of pumping power due to the diseased valve. But, because heart valve disease is a mechanical problem, you may eventually need surgery.

Heart Valve Surgery

There are two types of valve surgery - valve repair surgery and valve replacement surgery.

You will have tests so your doctor can find out the location, type and extent of your valve disease. The test results help determine the best type of procedure for you. Other factors your doctor will consider are the structure of your heart, your age, other medical conditions you have, and your lifestyle.

Valve surgery may be combined with other heart surgeries. Examples include surgeries that involve more than one valve procedure and combining valve surgery with bypass surgery, aortic aneurysm surgery or surgery to treat atrial fibrillation.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 07/18/2019.

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