Colon with Polyp
Colon showing a polyp

Colon & Rectal Cancer Screening

Cancer of the colon is common but preventable by detecting and removing precancerous polyps during an outpatient procedure called colonoscopy. Colon cancer screening is the process by which patients have colonoscopy or other tests to detect colorectal polyps or cancer. Patients who have colorectal cancer screening have a decreased risk of the development of colon cancer and dying from it. There are many colon cancer screening tests. National recommendations suggest individuals without any risk factors for colon cancer begin colon cancer screening at age 50 (45 for African Americans).

The most commonly used colorectal cancer screening tests include a colonoscopy every 10 years, or a stool test for blood every year.

Colonoscopy is a procedure where colon polyps can be seen and removed from the colon to prevent colon cancer from developing.

Stool testing for blood can detect most colon cancers but does not detect colon polyps.

Other types of scope tests, xrays and stool tests are also available for colon cancer screening. Each test has its benefits, risks and complications and should be discussed with a primary care physician.

Call 216.444.7000 to make an appointment for a colonoscopy or to see a digestive specialist at one of our convenient locations.