What is infertility?

Healthcare providers consider a couple infertile if they try but fail to get pregnant within one year. When the woman is older than 35, the amount of time trying to conceive drops to six months for an infertility diagnosis. In women over 40, immediate evaluation is warranted. Infertility does not include miscarrying or being unable to carry a baby to childbirth.

What causes infertility?

Causes of infertility vary:

How common is infertility?

An estimated 1 in 10 women between the ages of 15 and 44 have trouble conceiving.

Women who have pregnancy problems may lose the baby:

What are the types of infertility?

Types of infertility include:

  • Primary: A woman who was never pregnant and who can’t conceive after one year of not using birth control.
  • Secondary: Secondary infertility occurs when a woman can’t get pregnant again after having at least one successful pregnancy.

What are risk factors for infertility in all genders?

These factors increase the risk of infertility in all genders:

What are risk factors for female infertility?

These factors can contribute to female infertility:

What are risk factors for male infertility?

These factors can cause male infertility:

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