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What is female pelvic laparoscopy?

Diagnostic laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that doctors use to view a woman's reproductive organs. A laparoscope, a thin viewing tube similar to a telescope, is passed through a small incision (cut) in the abdomen. Using the laparoscope, the doctor can look directly at the outside of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and nearby organs.

A female pelvic laparoscopy is often recommended when other diagnostic tests, such as ultrasound and X-ray, cannot confirm the cause of a condition. Your doctor might use laparoscopy to:

  • Find the cause of pain in the pelvic and abdominal regions
  • Examine a tissue mass
  • Confirm endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Look for blockage of the fallopian tubes or for other causes of infertility