What is Patient Blood Management?
Blood is critical, but more so when it may be needed for surgery or an ongoing condition. Blood management focuses on reducing blood loss, building up your own blood or both. We bring the safest treatments to benefit your health.
No matter what the need, you can choose from our treatment options.
Your doctor can help you with the benefits and risks.
- Medications to make blood cells
- Prepare for or prevent blood loss
- Recycle your own blood during surgery
- Other treatments and techniques to reduce blood loss
Patient education materials:
For more information or to speak with a Patient Blood Management nurse, please email firstname.lastname@example.org or call 216.213.4434.
How is Surgery Performed?
Understanding Your Blood Needs
When a blood transfusion is needed, it falls under one of the following:
- Red cells - carry oxygen
- Plasma - supports blood volume
- Platelets - stop bleeding
When any of these are low, if can affect your heart, lungs, kidneys and brain. Low blood can weaken your health and recovery. Ask your doctor about your treatment needs and options. This checklist may help you:
- Why do I need a transfusion?
- How will it benefit me?
- What are the risks?
- What are the alternatives?
Choices for Blood Transfusion
- Unknown donor
- Donate your own blood
- Build up your blood with medications
- Recycle your own blood
Blood Management Options
A combination of techniques and strategies may be used.
Anemia or Before Surgery
Techniques are utilized prior to treatment to stimulate a person's ability to make blood through enhanced nutrition and certain medications.
- Synthetic erythropoietin - a hormone that stimulates production of red blood cells.
- Iron therapy - a mineral essential for formation of red blood cells.
- B12, folic acid and vitamin C - vitamins necessary for red blood cell growth.
Using a number of well-researched techniques, blood loss is minimized during surgery and any blood that might have otherwise been lost is recycled when possible.
The amount of blood used for laboratory testing is minimized by carefully choosing the tests to be performed and using significantly smaller tubes for blood draws. Additionally, techniques are utilized to stimulate a person's ability to make blood through enhanced nutrition and certain medications.
When Receiving Blood Is Not An Option
The use of blood products may not be an option or becomes difficult when:
- Religious beliefs prohibit blood products
- Antibodies limit finding compatible blood
What Should You Do
- Become informed of treatment options without blood products
- Discuss with your doctor
- Be prepared and plan ahead if possible
Care at the Cleveland Clinic
The Cleveland Clinic has teams of experienced doctors, nurses, and caregivers skilled to deliver "World Class" care.
If you have any questions, please contact our nurse coordinator at 216.213.4434 or email email@example.com.
Blood Management and Anemia
Anemia or low blood levels impact health and energy levels. Anemia can be caused by bleeding, inflammation, lack of nutrients, medications, or a combination. The most common type of anemia is iron deficiency which can be treated.
Risk Factors for Iron Deficiency
- Thyroid medications
- Bariatric surgery
- Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
- Heavy periods
Iron deficiency is treated by restoring iron in the body. This can be done through diet, iron pills, or intravenous iron depending on the severity and other factors. Your doctor can help determine what treatment is best for you.
How Blood Management Can Help?
Our nurse coordinator works with you and your doctor. This nurse can provide education, answer questions, arrange appointments for intravenous iron, whether you are local to a Cleveland Clinic facility or out-of-area.