Every patient is different, but common symptoms are feeling light headed, nauseous, and having cold, clammy skin. If you feel these symptoms, try counter-pressure techniques to prevent fainting. You should practice these exercises even when you do not have symptoms of syncope so you are familiar with each technique.


Counter Pressure Techniques: Hand Grip

Hold a rubber ball in the hand you use to write. Squeeze the ball for as long as you can or until your symptoms disappear.


Counter Pressure Techniques: Arm Tensing

Grip one hand with the other and pull them against each other without letting go. Hold this grip as long as you can or until your symptoms disappear.


Counter Pressure Techniques: Leg Crossing

Cross one leg over the other and squeeze the muscles in your legs, abdomen and buttocks. Hold this position as long as you can or until your symptoms disappear.

Syncope research

The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and other institutes of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) conduct research related to syncope in laboratories at the NIH. The organizations support additional research through grants to major medical institutions across the country. Much of this research focuses on finding better ways to prevent and treat syncope.

Organization information

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

National Institutes of Health, DHHS

31 Center Drive, Rm. 4A21 MSC 2480

Bethesda, MD 20892-2480

Phone: 301.592.8573

TTY: 240.629.3255

Recorded Info: 800.575.WELL (9355)

Website: www.nhlbi.nih.gov

Reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional.

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