What is a nephrectomy?
Nephrectomy is the surgical removal of a kidney, or part of a kidney. This surgery can be needed because of cancer, other kidney diseases or injuries, or because a kidney is being donated for a transplant.
What is a radical nephrectomy?
In a radical nephrectomy the entire kidney is removed, along with fat surrounding it. In some cases, the adrenal gland and lymph nodes around the kidney also are removed. Removal of an entire kidney by itself is called a simple nephrectomy. If only part of the kidney is removed, it is called a partial nephrectomy.