Robotic-assisted surgery enables you to receive sophisticated treatments with less downtime. It uses specialized technology to deliver precise care, even in hard-to-reach areas. Robotic surgery treats conditions affecting your heart, digestive system, bladder, prostate and more.
Robot-assisted surgery uses specialized technology that enhances the capabilities of your surgeon’s hands. It allows surgeons to perform procedures in hard-to-reach areas through small incisions. The specialized technology also enables precise movements and enhanced magnification.
The technology consists of:
A surgeon who completes training in robotic-assisted surgery performs this type of procedure. Some surgeons pursue formal training through minimally invasive and robotic surgery fellowships.
The techniques your surgeon uses to carry out your procedure are similar to open surgery. The main difference is how your surgeon accesses the surgical site.
Instead of large incisions, your surgeon makes small incisions. Another difference is that the surgical instruments need less space to do their job. This limits the need to push your muscle tissue and organs out of the way.
One of the main advantages is that it enables surgery through smaller incisions.
Other advantages of robotic surgery include:
With robot-assisted surgery, you may experience:
Disadvantages of robot-assisted surgery are:
Recovery is much shorter. Depending on the procedure type and your overall health, you may:
You’ll receive at-home care instructions that are specific to the procedure you had. They typically include:
Your care should include follow-up appointments to track your recovery. Contact your healthcare provider immediately if you experience:
Myth: The robot performs the procedure.
Reality: Robotic surgical technology can’t move on its own. Surgeons are in control at all times. There are safety mechanisms in place to ensure the robot doesn’t move without the surgeon controlling it.
Myth: Robots are so precise that I don’t have to worry about complications.
Reality: Robotic-assisted surgery lowers the risk of certain complications. But they’re still possible.
Myth: Open surgery is better because the surgeon has a direct view of the surgical area.
Reality: With robot-assisted technology, surgeons have an enhanced view. A camera provides real-time, high-resolution, magnified images with 3D capabilities.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Robotic-assisted surgery enables you to receive sophisticated treatments with less downtime. A specially trained surgeon uses robotic technology to operate through small incisions. Robotic surgery can be used to treat conditions affecting your heart, digestive system, bladder, prostate and more. Benefits include less blood loss, shorter hospital stays and quicker recovery. Surgeons who have performed a high volume of these procedures typically deliver optimal outcomes. Ask your healthcare provider about the pros and cons of robotic-assisted surgery.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 12/15/2021.
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