What is testicular pain?

Testicular pain is a medical condition that can affect men or boys. The testicles (testes) are two egg-shaped organs located in a pouch of skin called the scrotum. They produce sperm and testosterone (male sex hormone) in mature males.

Testicular pain may be acute, meaning that its onset is sudden and its duration is limited. The pain is considered chronic if it is constant or intermittent and it lasts three months or longer. Pain may occur in one testicle or both testicles.

How is testicular pain diagnosed?

The sensation of pain cannot be measured directly. However, a doctor will perform a physical exam with the patient standing and lying down. He or she will ask questions about when the pain started, how long it has lasted, how severe it is, and where it is located. The doctor will ask about the patient’s sexual and medical history, including any surgeries. The patient should tell his doctor if any activities cause his pain to lessen or worsen, such as urination, voiding, physical or sexual activity, or sitting for long periods. Blood or urine tests may be performed to rule out infections as a possible cause. Usually patients undergo an ultrasound of the scrotum.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 07/28/2016.


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  • NIH. Testicle Pain Accessed 3/5/2020.
  • Chronic orchialgia: evaluation and discussion of treatment options. Ther Adv Urol. 2010 Oct-Dec; 2(5-6): 209–214.
  • Chronic Testicular Pain: An Overview. European Urology. 45 (2004) 430-436.

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