Brachytherapy is a type of radiation therapy involving the placement of radiation sources near the tumor or within a body cavity. Brachytherapy requires special expertise to place the radiation source and may be the sole radiation therapy treatment used or may be combined with other treatments such as external beam radiation therapy.
Depending on the strength and type of radiation sources used, the radioactive sources can remain inside the patient’s body after treatment or be removed after a specified duration. Placement of radioactive sources may be repeated several times in some situations. One advantage of brachytherapy is that because the radiation source is placed very close to the tumor, radiation is delivered directly to the tumor without penetrating through other healthy tissues.
Cleveland Clinic has one of the most active brachytherapy services in the nation. Special brachytherapy procedures, including high-dose rate brachytherapy with remote afterloading technology, are routinely performed for many types of solid tumors.
The following are Cleveland Clinic Radiation Oncologists with a special interest in the use of brachytherapy, including interstitial brachytherapy and intracavitary brachytherapy: