Pelvic pain can happen in all sexes and might stem from infections, abnormalities in internal organs or pain from your pelvic bones. Treatment depends on the cause.
Although pelvic pain often refers to pain in the region of women’s (and people assigned female at birth’s, AFAB) reproductive organs, it can be present in all sexes and can stem from other causes. Pelvic pain might be a symptom of infection or arise from pain in your pelvic bone or nonreproductive internal organs. But in women and people AFAB, pelvic pain can very well be an indication that there might be a problem with one of the reproductive organs in their pelvic area (uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix and vagina).
There are many reasons why you may develop pelvic pain, including:
Possible pelvic pain causes in women and AFAB include:
Pelvic pain may be accompanied by other symptoms or warning signs. Some of the most common pelvic pain symptoms include:
When diagnosing the cause of pelvic pain, a healthcare provider will review your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam or other tests might also help in determining the cause of pelvic pain. Some diagnostic tools might include:
The treatment of pelvic pain depends on several factors, including cause, intensity and frequency of pain. Common pelvic pain treatments include:
Living with chronic pelvic pain can be stressful and upsetting. Studies have shown that working with a trained counselor, psychologist or psychiatrist can be beneficial in many cases. Your healthcare provider can offer more information about various treatments for pelvic pain.
If you have chronic pelvic pain, there are a few things you can do to ease symptoms at home. For example:
Pelvic pain can’t always be prevented. However, incorporating these recommendations into your daily life can help reduce your risk:
If you have pelvic pain that developed suddenly, call a healthcare provider right away. You should also schedule an appointment if pelvic pain is so severe that it disrupts your daily life.
While pelvic pain is often a symptom of urinary tract infections or gastrointestinal issues, it can also indicate a problem with organs in your pelvic area. There are many reasons why pelvic pain may develop. For proper diagnosis and treatment, schedule an appointment with a healthcare provider.
While not all pelvic pain is serious, seeking medical care when symptoms are severe is important. You should head to the nearest emergency room if:
Pelvic pain may be serious if your symptoms developed suddenly or if the discomfort is severe. If you have pelvic pain that lasts for more than two weeks, schedule an appointment with a healthcare provider.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Pelvic pain can be concerning, and because it’s a symptom of so many conditions, it can be particularly frustrating. Your healthcare provider can help determine the cause of your pelvic pain so you can receive the treatment you need to feel better.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 06/20/2022.
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