What Mammography Technologists Do

Mammography technologists operate a mammography unit to produce images of the breasts for diagnostic purposes under the direction of a physician. They explain the procedure to patients, position and immobilize the patient’s breast in the unit, and observe the scanning process. This involves monitoring the video display of the area being scanned and adjusting the density or contrast to improve picture quality. Mammography technologists then review and evaluate the film or image recording plate to determine if the images are satisfactory for diagnostic purposes. Throughout this whole process, mammography technologists use radiation safety measures and protection devices to comply with government regulations and to ensure the safety of patients and staff.

Types of Work Environments

  • Hospitals
  • Imaging clinics

Education and Training Requirements

Most mammography technicians have an associate degree or a bachelor's degree in radiology. Sometimes during these undergraduate programs technicians will specialize in mammography. The American Registry for Radiologic Technologists also certifies mammography technicians, and forty states currently require this certification by law to practice.


According to salary.com, the median salary for mammography technologists is approximately $81,938 per year.

Professional Organization

The American Registry for Radiologic Technologists

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