Lipid disorders are the broad term for abnormalities of cholesterol and triglycerides. Lipid abnormalities are associated with an increased risk for vascular disease, and especially heart attacks and strokes. Abnormalities in lipid disorders are a combination of genetic predisposition as well as the nature of dietary intake. Many lipid disorders are associated with being overweight. Lipid disorders may also be associated with other diseases including diabetes, the metabolic syndrome (sometimes called the insulin resistance syndrome), underactive thyroid or the result of certain medications (such as those used for anti-rejection regimens in people who have had transplants).
There is accumulating evidence that management of cholesterol and triglyceride disorders is associated with the reduced risk for heart attacks and strokes. This is especially true in patients seen by endocrinologists who have diabetes mellitus or other problems associated with obesity.