Parotid Gland Surgery
They make the saliva (spit) that helps you chew and digest your food. Saliva also helps keep your mouth moist, your teeth sparkling and your gums healthy. But tumors or blockages in the biggest ones (the parotid glands in your cheeks, between your jaw and ear) cause things to dry up. When this happens, it’s time to get help.
We know the idea of a tumor in your face might cause you to worry. But you’ll find yourself in good hands at Cleveland Clinic. Our head and neck providers are experts in treating benign (noncancerous) tumors and salivary gland cancers with advanced parotid gland surgery (parotidectomy). We’re here to help you feel better and swallow easier.
Why Choose Cleveland Clinic for Parotid Gland Surgery?
When you come to Cleveland Clinic, we focus not just on your physical health but also on how you’re doing mentally and emotionally. We’ll go over how to prepare for your surgery, what will happen in the operating room and what to expect as you recover.
Your healthcare providers know what it takes to diagnose and treat salivary gland problems for the best outcomes. And we’ll work to preserve your face, keep saliva flowing and help you recover with speech, swallowing and physical therapies. We’re here for you every step of the way. Meet our team.
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Diagnosing Parotid Gland Tumors at Cleveland Clinic
To diagnose parotid gland tumors and stones, your providers will do a physical exam and ask you about your medical history. Then, they’ll check the lumps and see how well your facial nerves respond to being touched. They’ll also do imaging tests to get detailed views of your parotid glands. You may have a:
If needed, we’ll also remove a small sample of tissue (biopsy) from your parotid gland and look at it under a microscope to see if tumors are benign or cancerous.
Meet Your Parotid Gland Tumor Team
Tumors, stones (calcium deposits) or swollen salivary glands (parotitis) can cause your parotid glands to stop making saliva. In order to figure out what’s causing this, you’ll work with a team of providers who’ll find out what the problem is and do surgery to fix it. This team could include:
Providers Who Perform Parotid Gland Surgery
LocationsOur healthcare providers see patients at convenient locations throughout Northeast Ohio and Florida.
Parotid Gland Surgery Treatment at Cleveland Clinic
Your parotid gland includes two lobes — superficial and deep. The superficial lobe is at the outside of your gland. Parotid gland tumors most often develop in this lobe, where they’re less likely to involve your facial nerve.
This nerve runs through your entire parotid gland. It controls your facial movements and sense of taste. If a tumor develops in the deep lobe, the risk of nerve damage is higher during parotid gland surgery.
A parotidectomy can be complex. That’s why our head and neck surgeons will work with you to design a personalized treatment plan aimed at removing the tumor or blockage in your gland in a way that helps protect your facial nerve, preserve your appearance and let your salivary glands keep making spit.
Depending on which parotid gland lobe contains a tumor and the results of your tests, you may have:
- Superficial parotidectomy: Your surgeons will remove tumors from the superficial lobe.
- Total parotidectomy: Despite the name, in a total parotidectomy we typically only remove parotid tissue that’s deep in the facial nerve, and some of the surrounding tissues when tumors contain cancer cells. It’s rare to remove the entire parotid gland.
Right before your surgery, we’ll give you general anesthesia to put you to sleep during your parotid gland surgery. Your surgeons will make an incision (cut) near your ear that extends towards your neck to reach your parotid gland. This incision is similar to the incision used for facelifts and typically heals nicely.
Sometimes, your surgeon might need to remove a large amount of tissue. If so, they’ll do reconstructive surgery, possibly using bone, nerves or tissue from another part of your body to rebuild the area.
Recovering from Parotid Gland Surgery
After surgery, you’ll stay in a recovery area where we can check your breathing, blood pressure and heart rate as you wake up from anesthesia. We’ll have you make certain facial movements, like smiling or closing your eyes, to check how well your facial nerves work.
You might stay in the hospital overnight, but often you’ll go home the same day as surgery. Before we send you home, your healthcare provider will go over what you can expect during your recovery.
Recovering from parotid gland surgery at home may take several weeks to a month. You might have facial numbness and weakness that could take a few months to a year to go away.
During your recovery, you’ll have follow-up appointments with your healthcare provider to make sure you’re healing well and to check for complications.
Not everyone has complications after parotid gland surgery. But you may experience:
- Facial sweating while eating (Frey syndrome).
- Facial numbness in your parotid gland area.
- Permanent ear lobe numbness.
- Pain when taking your first bite of food (first bite syndrome).
If your tumor was cancerous, we may recommend more treatments to destroy any cancer cells that may still be there after parotid gland surgery. You may work with our oncologists and have chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.
Taking the Next Step
We know the thought of having surgery on your face can be scary — especially when it’s near the nerve that controls your smile and helps you taste delicious food. But removing tumors or blockages in your parotid gland can help you make the right amount of saliva and stay healthy. At Cleveland Clinic, we’ll support you through your parotid gland surgery and help you have a healthy recovery.
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