What is nephroscopy?

Nephroscopy is a non-surgical way of examining the inside of the kidneys and treating certain conditions in the upper urinary tract. Nephroscopy is done with the use of a small instrument called a nephroscope. The thin, flexible tube part of the nephroscope is inserted into the skin through a very small cut.

Procedure Details

When is nephroscopy used?

Nephroscopy is especially useful in helping to remove small kidney stones. In this procedure (called percutaneous nephrolithotomy or PCNL), a small cut is made in the skin. A nephroscope is used to remove stones up to about 1 cm. Nephroscopy is also used to remove stone fragments and small tumors.

Where is nephroscopy performed?

On its own, as a diagnostic or follow-up procedure, nephroscopy can be done on an outpatient basis. If it is performed along with PCNL, it is done in a hospital. Patients who undergo PCNL will receive general anesthesia and require a three- to four- day hospital stay.

Risks / Benefits

What are the risks and benefits of nephroscopy?

Nephroscopy is a very safe, non-invasive procedure that can benefit a patient by reducing the need for traditional surgery. It is also helpful in that it can prevent the need for future surgeries for kidney stones and other problems. In addition, flexible nephroscopy can diagnose serious kidney and urinary tract conditions.

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