What is a myelogram?

A myelogram is a special spinal X-ray examination used to help determine the cause of pain, numbness and/or weakness in the back, arms or legs. During the test, a contrast medium (also referred to as contrast material) is injected into the spinal canal under X-ray guidance to provide an outline of the spinal cord and nerve roots. A series of X-ray films are taken.

Please note: The myelogram test may be performed along with other tests such as a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Test, Computed Tomography (CT) and regular spinal X-ray films.

Notify your physician

Inform your physician of any medications you are currently taking, including non-prescription drugs. Some medications may have potentially adverse reactions with the contrast agent used during a myelogram.

The following list of medications may need to be discontinued 48 hours prior to the test, and 24 hours after:

  • Pheothiazine derivatives
  • Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
  • Central Nervous System (CNS) stimulants
  • Psychoactive drugs described as analeptics, major tranquilizers or anti-psychotic drugs.

Note: Do not discontinue any medication without conferring with your primary physician and/or physician requesting this study.

If you have any of the following conditions, please notify your physician:

  • Are pregnant or think you may be
  • Diabetes
  • Multiple myeloma, pheochromocytoma, homozygous sickle cell disease or known thyroid disorder
  • Allergies to any drugs or foods
  • Known reactions to previous injection of contrast materials used for X-ray procedures

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