Sandra L. Siedlecki, PhD, RN, APRN-CNS, FAAN, is a senior nurse scientist in the Office of Nursing Research and Innovation. Dr. Siedlecki spent her clinical career working in critical care and ED/trauma and her academic career teaching at the undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral levels. She continues to serve on PhD and DNP committees and provides mentoring to graduate students. Dr. Siedlecki has been an active member of the Midwest Nursing Research Society and Sigma Theta Tau International, as well as many other professional organizations specific to her areas of research.

She has published more than 50 peer-reviewed articles, authored two books, and wrote chapters for three books. Dr. Siedlecki has presented nationally and internationally and is the editor of the research column for the Journal of Clinical Nurse Specialists. Dr. Siedlecki also serves as a reviewer for grants and manuscripts for several professional organizations, is an adjunct assistant professor at an Ohio-based school of nursing, and a contributing faculty member for a well-known international online university. Dr. Siedlecki serves as constative staff for the Lerner Research Institute at Cleveland Clinic.

Research Interests

With extensive experience and expertise, Dr. Siedlecki has several research interests and conducts quantitative and qualitative research studies. She has researched the professional practice environment, the management of chronic pain syndromes, the use of CAM therapy by healthcare professionals, and the long-term effects of an Accreta Birth Experience on women and their spouses. Her research on the professional practice environment resulted in the first scale to accurately assess the positive aspects of the professional practice environment. She also completed an RCT that demonstrated the impact of a self-administered music intervention on perceptions of power, pain, depression, and disability in working-age adults (18-65) with a long-standing history of chronic non-malignant pain. Dr. Siedlecki has a personal interest in the Accreta Birth Experience and teamed up with the Hope for Accreta Foundation to conduct a large (N>900) international mixed-methods study exploring the long-term consequences of this experience on women and their spouses. Most recently, Dr. Siedlecki has developed an instrument that assesses behaviors to measure nurses' degree of professional and organizational engagement.


  • Certificate in Higher Education (post-doc), Laureate International University, 2013
  • PhD in Nursing, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, 2005
  • MSN, The University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, 1992
  • BSN, The University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, 1987
  • Diploma, Fairview General Hospital School of Nursing, Fairview Park, Ohio, 1970

Contact Information

Cleveland Clinic
Office of Research and Innovation
9500 Euclid Avenue / T4
Cleveland, Ohio 44195



Dr. Siedlecki serves as the chair for the annual Nursing Research Conference and the Nursing Research Quality Council at Cleveland Clinic. She also serves on numerous other Cleveland Clinic committees and councils and several professional organizations.

Clinical Practice & Teaching

Clinical Practice & Teaching

Clinical Practice

Dr. Siedlecki’s clinical background includes more than 40 years in critical care and emergency/trauma nursing.


Dr. Siedlecki has an extensive teaching background and has taught at the following institutions:

  • Walden University, Minnesota
  • Ursuline College, Beachwood, Ohio
  • University of Akron, Akron, Ohio
  • Metro-health Medical Center School of Nursing, Cleveland, Ohio
Research & Publications

Research & Publications

Dr. Siedlecki has published more than 50 peer-reviewed articles and has written and reviewed numerous book chapters. She serves as a column editor for The Journal of Clinical Nurse Specialists and a manuscript reviewer for more than 25 additional professional journals. Additionally, Dr. Siedlecki presents nationally and internationally. You can view her publications and presentations below by year or download a PDF of her work.

2024 – Publications

Siedlecki, S. L. (2024). Confidence Interval and Odds Ratio: What Is It and How Should It Be Interpreted? Clinical Nurse Specialist38(1), 11-14.

2024 – Presentations

“What Every Nurse Needs to Know about Artificial Intelligence” at National Association for Orthopedic Nurses, 2024, [webinar]

2023 – Presentations

“Writing for publication: Taking the fear out of rejection’” at the 37th Annual American Psychiatric Nurses Association Conference [pre-conference presentation], , Lake Buena Vista, Florida, October 4, 2023.

“Toilet Plume, an updated review of the literature” at the AMSN Conference, Las Vegas, NV, September 2023. [poster presentation]

“Communicating with Deaf and Hard of Hearing Patients: Are we doing our best?” at the AMSN Conference, Las Vegas, NV, September 2023. [poster presentation]

“How to read a research report” at the Research Council Shared Governance meeting, Cleveland Clinic Lutheran Hospital, Cleveland, OH, July 2023.

“Benefits of Digital Health in Clinical Trials and Non-RCT Research” at a PhD summer course titled “Digital Healthcare and Data Science” for an international audience of PhD students from the Transatlantic Telemonitoring Research Network (TTRN), June 11, 2023.

“Determining Level of Evidence” at the two-day evidence-based practice workshop sponsored by the Office of Nursing Research & Innovation, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, June 8, 2023.

2023 – Publications

Horner, K., Sadlik, K.M., Butler, R.S., & Siedlecki, S.L. (2023). Postoperative urinary retention in total hip and knee arthroplasty patients. Urologic Nursing, 43(3), 113-119. [R]

Levay, M. M., Sumser, M. K., Vargo, K. M., Bodas, A., Bena, J. F., Danford, C. A., & Siedlecki, S. L. (2023). The effect of active distraction compared to midazolam in preschool children in the perioperative setting: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 68, 35-43. [R]

Brodnick, J., Lieux, S. M., Serrano-Smith, M., Bena, J. F., & Siedlecki, S. L. (2023). PICC Line Occlusions: Implications and Opportunities for Medical-Surgical Nurses.  Journal of Medical-Surgical Nursing, 32(5), 305-310. [R]

Siedlecki, S. L. (2023). Artificial Intelligence, Digital Health Research, and the Clinical Nurse Specialist. Clinical Nurse Specialist37(5), 214-217.

Siedlecki, S. L. (2023). Translational Science: The Final Step for Implementing Evidence-Based Practice. Clinical Nurse Specialist37(2), 54-57.

Siedlecki, S. L. (2023). Tables, Figures, and Graphs—Oh My: How to Best Display Data. Clinical Nurse Specialist37(4), 160-163.

2022 – Publications

Siedlecki, S. L. & Bena, J. (2022). What the Clinical Nurse Specialist should know about Analysis of Variance Tests. Journal of Clinical Nurse Specialists, 36(1), 10-15. https://doi.10.1097/NUR.0000000000000646

Siedlecki, S. L. (2022). Conducting Interviews for Qualitative Research Studies. Journal of Clinical Nurse Specialists, 36(2), 78-80.

Siegmund, L. A., Siedlecki, S. L., & Burchill, C. B. (February, 2022). What keeps them coming back to cardiac rehabilitation? For women it is all about the experience. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing (OJIN)

Mau, K. A., Kavanaugh, J., Burchill, C., & Siedlecki, S. L. (2022 in press). Academic Faculty Shadowing their Graduate Nurses: A Case Study.  Nursing Education Perspectives.

2022 – Presentations

Siedlecki, S. L. (2022). Development of the Professional and Organizational Engagement Behaviors Scales (Revised). American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing (AAACN) Conference, May 17-21, 2022. Las Vegas, NV 89109

Siedlecki, S. L. (2022). Reviewing the literature before making recommendations: A tool for nurse leaders. Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses Conference. October 1st, 2022

2021 – Publications

Siedlecki, S. L. (2021, May). Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Academic Programs and Nursing Practice: Is More Education is needed? Complementary Therapies in Clinic Practice, 43(2), 101327.

Colwill, J., Minerva, S. I., Siedlecki, S. L., Burchill, C. B., & Siegmund, L. A. (2021) A grounded theory approach to the care experience of patients with intravenous drug use/abuse-related endocarditis. Applied Nursing Research, 57, 151390.

Siedlecki, S. L. & Bena J. (2021). What you need to know about running and interpreting the t-test: A guide for the Clinical Nurse Specialist. Journal of Clinical Nurse Specialists, 35(2), 56-61. https://DOI:10.1097/NUR.0000000000000575

Cai, E., Hall, A., Siedlecki, S.L. (2021). A descriptive study of factors that facilitate nurses’ participation in shared governance and attendance at unit meetings. Journal of Nursing Management, 1-7.

Siedlecki, S. L. (2021). Exploring associations when data is nominal: A review of the Chi-Square Test. Journal of Clinical Nurse Specialists, 35(5), 229-232. https://doi:10.1097/NUR.0000000000000617

Moyse, T., Yates, E., Fajardo, V., Glorioso-Wible, J., Schaffer, J., & Siedlecki, S. L. (2021 in press) From the Patient’s Perspective: Orthopaedic Virtual Rounds. Journal of Patient Experience (Sage)8, 1-5.

Siegmund, L. A. & Siedlecki, S. L. (2021). Ensuring data fidelity in quantitative research. Journal of Clinical Nurse Specialists, 35(6), 284-287. https://doi.10.1097/NUR.0000000000000627.

2021 – Presentations

Siedlecki, S. L. "The Role of the CNS in Research: Understanding Instrument and Scale Development and Testing" National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists Conference [Virtual]. 03/10/2021

Siedlecki, S, L. “ Looking at Engagement through a Generational Lens: Nurses are more alike than Different” a 75-minute pre-recorded session posted in an “on-demand” format for attendees at the Academy of Medical Surgical Nurses Conference (Orlando, FL) September 29th through October 3rd, 2021 [Webcast]

Siedlecki, S. L. “Complementary Therapy at the Bedside: Music for Management of Pain and Promotion of Sleep and Relaxation.” American Society for Pain Management Nursing, San Antonio, Texas. September 29th through October 1st, 2021 [Virtual presentation and Live Q&A]

Siedlecki, S. L. “Research statistics for dummies” Oncology Grand Rounds. Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH.  01/27/2021 [Power Point and oral presentations]

Siedlecki, S. L. “Non-Pharmacologic Nursing Interventions: What are you Afraid of” 2021 LTC Nursing Excellence Conference. Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA. 02/26/2021. [Power Point and oral presentations]

2021 – Media

PodCast National Association of Orthopedic Nurses February 25th 2021 “The Role of the Nurse Scientist” The Podcast can be found here

Consult QD July 28, 2021 Expanding Evidence to Improve Patient Care

2020 – Publications

Rezash, V., Reed, J., Gedeon, B., Parsons, E., Siedlecki, S., Daniels, B., & Shephard, D. R. (2020). Who needs what? Perceptions of patients and caregivers in oncology phase I Trials. Journal of Patient Experience7, (1), 27-33.

Siedlecki, S. L. (2020). Understanding descriptive research designs and methods.  Journal of Clinical Nurse Specialist, 34(1), 8-12. https://doi:10.1097/NUR.0000000000000493

Siedlecki, S. L. (2020). Correlation designs and analyses: What the Clinical Nurse Specialist needs to know. Journal of Clinical Nurse Specialists. 34(4), 143-149 https://doi:10.1097/NUR.0000000000000524

Siedlecki, S. L. & Albert, N. M. (2020). The growth of nursing research within a large healthcare system. Applied Nursing Research. 55, 1-6.

Siedlecki, S. L. (2020). Quasi-experimental research designs. Journal of Clinical Nurse Specialists. 34(5), 198-202. https://10.1097/NUR.0000000000000540

Siedlecki, S. L. (2020). Case Study Research Design in Nursing. Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS, 34(6), 250-256. https://doi:10.1097/NUR.0000000000000554

2020 – Media

Consult QD Assess your Practice Environment in 13 questions

Consult QD August 7, 2020, Nurse Scientist studies use of Complementary and Alternative Therapies

Consult QD October 20, 2020 Ethical Considerations for Peer review

2020 – Presentations

Siedlecki, S. L. “Non-pharmacologic Interventions: What are we Afraid of?” Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses, National Conference. [Virtual]. 10/22/2020

Siedlecki, S. L. Writing for publication: Taking the fear out of rejection. A webinar (CE program (1.5 hours) for the National Association of Orthopedic Nurses (NAON) 07/2020 [webinar]

2019 – Publications

Siedlecki, S. L. (2019). Tips for developing good questionnaire items. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 33(6), 253-260. https://doi:10.1097/NUR.0000000000000478

Mau, K. A., Fink, S., Hicks, B., Brookhouse, A., Flannery, A. M., & Siedlecki, S. L. (2019). Advance d technology leads to earlier intervention for clinical deterioration on medical/surgical units. Applied Nursing Research, 49, 1-4. [9]

Siedlecki, S. L. (2019). Pilot or feasibility studies: An option for the clinical nurse specialist. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 33(5), 205-208. https://doi:10.1097/NUR.0000000000000468

Rezash, V., Reed, J., Gedeon, B., Parsons, E., Siedlecki, S., Daniels, B., & Shephard, D. R. (2019). Who needs what? Perceptions of patients and caregivers in oncology phase I Trials. Journal of Patient Experience, 6, (1), 1-7. [R]

2019 – Presentations

Siedlecki, S. L. (2019). Help Change the World: Become a Research-Active Critical Care Nurse. May 21st, 2019. Orlando, Florida. American Association of Critical-Care Nurses, the National Teaching Institute & Critical Care Exposition. 

Siedlecki, S. L. (2019). If not you, then who? The Role of Orthopedic Nurses as Researcher or Scientist.  May 19th, 2019. Atlanta, Georgia. National Association of Orthopedic Nursing.

Siedlecki, S. L. (2019). The Professional Practice Environment: Exploring the Research on Nurse/Physician and Nurse/Nurse Relationships February, 22-24, 2019. Sigma Theta Tau: Creating Healthy Work Environments, New Orleans, Louisiana.

2018 – Publications

Siedlecki, S. L. (2018) Avoid Common Mistakes when Presenting your Research, Evidence-Based Practice or Quality Improvement Projects. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 32(5). [R]

Siedlecki, S. L. (2018). Research intervention fidelity: Tips to improve validity of your intervention study. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 32(1), 12-14. [R]

Burns, K. A., Reber, T., Theodore, K., Welch, B., Roy, D., & Siedlecki, S. L. (2018). Enhanced early warning system impact on nursing practice: A phenomenological study. Journal of Advanced Nursing, [on-line ahead of print] http://DOI: 10.1111/jan.13517 [R]

2018 – Presentations

Siedlecki, S. L. (2018). Who is at Risk for Failure to Rescue? A Medical-Surgical Nurses’ Dilemma. September 15, 2018. Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurse Annual Convention at Lake Buena Vista, Florida.

Siedlecki, S. L. (2018). Non-Pharmacologic Interventions Used, Taught, and Recommended by Nurses. Midwest Nursing Research Conference April 14th, 2018 in Cleveland, Ohio.

Siedlecki, S. L. (2018). Writing for Publication: Taking the fear out of rejection. American Association of Neuroscience Nurses Annual Educational Meeting March 17th, Pre Conference Workshop at the Marriott Marquis Sand Diego Marina, California.

Siedlecki, S. L. (2018) Accuracy and Precision of Noninvasive Temperature Monitoring Device Compared to PAC in Adults in ICU. February 24-28, 2018. Critical Care Congress sponsored by The Society for Critical Care Medicine. Held in San Antonio, Texas.

2017 – Publications

Book Chapters

Albert, N. M., & Siedlecki, S. L. (2017). Evaluating your research program and nurturing it for long-term success. In N. M. Albert (Ed.), Building and sustaining a hospital-based nursing research program (pp. 217-226). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co.

Siedlecki, S. L. (2017). Building blocks for a strong nursing research program. In N. M. Albert (Ed.), Building and sustaining a hospital-based nursing research program (pp. 43-60). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co.

Siedlecki, S. L. (2017). Pain and Sedation (Chapter 39) in Vicki S. Good and Peggy L. Kirkwood (eds.) Advanced Critical Care Nursing (2nd ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders


Siedlecki, S. L. & Albert, N. M. (2017). Understanding inter-rater reliability and validity of risk assessment tools used to predict adverse clinical events. Clinical Nurse Specialist Journal, 31(1), 23-29. https://doi10.1097/NUT.0000000000000260 

Siedlecki, S. L. (2017). Create a Poster that will attract an Audience: Suggestions Driven by Evidence. American Journal of Nursing, 117(3), 48-54.

Siedlecki, S. L. & Albert, N. M. (2017). Research-active clinical nurses: Against all odds. Journal of Clinical Nursing 26, 776-773. http://doi:10.1111/jocn.13523 


Siedlecki, S. L. (May 9-11, 2017). Understanding what nurses know about non-pharmacologic interventions and therapies: A descriptive study. American Academy for Ambulatory Care Nursing, New Orleans, Louisiana

Siedlecki, S. L. (2017). Creating a Poster that Attracts an Audience. Cleveland VA Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio. October 25, 2017

Siedlecki, S. L. (2017). The problem with risk assessment tools: Why is everyone at risk? Medical-Surgical Nursing Conference. Palm Springs, CA, October 14, 2017

Siedlecki, S. L. (2017). The Use of Music for Oncology Patients at the 2017 Oncology Nursing Conference - The Ever Changing Landscape of Oncology Nursing: From Diagnosis to Survivorship, sponsored by Cleveland Clinic Oncology Nursing and Cleveland Clinic Children’s, Cleveland OH, April 6, 2017.

Professional Involvement

Professional Involvement

  • Member, Northeast Ohio Clinical Nurse Specialist Association
  • Member, American Nurses Association
  • Member, American Academy of Nursingv
  • Member, Sigma Theta Tau International
    • Collateral Reviewer
  • Member, Society of Critical Care Medicine
  • Member, National League for Nursing
  • Member, Midwest Nursing Research Society
    • Grant Reviewer
Honors & Awards

Honors & Awards

  • Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing (FAAN), 2019
  • Life Time Achievement Award - Cleveland Clinic, 2017
  • March of Dimes Distinguished Nurse of the Year Award, 2016 (Columbus, Ohio)
  • Finalist for March of Dimes Nurse Researcher of the Year Award, 2015 (Columbus, Ohio)
  • Faces of Care Award, 2014
  • Who’s Who in America, 2008 - 2015
  • Who’s Who in American Women, 2008 - 2015
  • American Nurses Foundation, ANF Scholar, 2007
  • Lorain County Community College University Partnership Outstanding Faculty Award, 2002
  • University of Akron Education Excellence Award for Utilizing Technology to Improve Education, 2001
  • University of Akron,Innovations in Teaching with Technology Award, 1999 & 2000
  • National Dean’s List, 1987
  • Magna Cum Laude, 1987