What is kangaroo care?
Holding your baby closely to your chest is a special experience that can help build the bond between you and your new family member. This type of touch isn’t just good for bonding — it’s also medically beneficial for your baby. Kangaroo care is a method of holding your baby to your chest. This allows for skin-to-skin contact between you and baby. During each session, your baby will be placed (naked except for a diaper and hat) on your chest (also bared to allow skin-to-skin) for up to a few hours. A blanket, shirt, hospital gown or robe can be wrapped around you and over your baby’s back for warmth. This wrapping of your infant into your chest looks very much like a mother kangaroo holding her baby in her pouch — which is where the name kangaroo care comes from.
How did kangaroo care come about?
Kangaroo care was developed in Bogota, Colombia in the late 1970s. This type of care was a response to a high death rate in preterm babies — the death rate for premature infants was approximately 70% at that time. The babies were dying of infections, respiratory problems and simply due to a lack of attention. Researchers found that babies who were held close to their mothers’ bodies for large portions of the day not only survived, but thrived.
In the United States, hospitals that encourage kangaroo care typically have mothers or fathers provider skin-to-skin contact with their preterm babies for several hours each day. Kangaroo care isn’t only for premature babies — it can also be very good for full-term babies and their parents. Now, skin-to-skin contact is encouraged for all babies.
What are the benefits of kangaroo care?
There are many benefits of kangaroo care. It’s not only good for both premature and full-term babies, but also the parents. Both women and men can practice skin-to-skin bonding with the baby.
The benefits of kangaroo care to your baby include:
- Stabilizing your baby’s heart rate.
- Improving your baby’s breathing pattern and making the breathing more regular.
- Improving oxygen saturation levels (this is a sign of how well oxygen is being delivered to all of the infant’s organs and tissues).
- Gaining in sleep time.
- Experiencing more rapid weight gain.
- Decreasing crying.
- Having more successful breastfeeding episodes.
- Having an earlier hospital discharge.
The benefits of kangaroo care for parents can include:
- Improving bonding with your baby and the feeling of closeness.
- Increasing your breast milk supply.
- Increasing your confidence in the ability to care for your new baby.
- Increasing your confidence that your baby is well cared for.
- Increasing your sense of control.
Why does kangaroo care work?
The benefits of kangaroo care listed above have all been demonstrated in research studies. In fact, studies have found that by holding your baby skin-to-skin, it can stabilize the heart and respiratory (breathing) rates, improve oxygen saturation rates, better regulate an infant’s body temperature and conserve a baby’s calories.
When a mother is practicing kangaroo care, her infant typically snuggles into her breasts and falls asleep within a few minutes. The breasts themselves have been shown to change in temperature to match your baby’s temperature needs. In other words, your breasts can increase in temperature when your baby’s body is cool and can decrease in temperature when the baby is warm.
The extra sleep that your infant gets while snuggling with mom and the assistance in regulating body temperature helps your baby conserve energy and redirect calorie expenditures (use) toward growth and weight gain. Being positioned on mom also helps to stabilize your infant’s respiratory and heart rates. Research has also shown that practicing kangaroo care can have a positive impact on your baby’s brain development.