What is a carotid body tumor?

A carotid body tumor (also called a chemodectoma or paraganglioma) is a growth on the side of your neck in the area where the carotid artery splits off into smaller blood vessels that carry blood to your brain. You have two carotid arteries ─ one on each side of your neck ─ that supply blood to the front of the brain, which is responsible for thinking, speech, personality, and sensory and motor functions.

Symptoms

Many times, a carotid body tumor does not cause symptoms and is found by your doctor during an exam. You may be able to feel the tumor, but it is not painful.

If the tumor becomes large, it can press on the nerves, blood vessels or organs around it. This may cause throat pain, hoarseness, a numb tongue or make it hard to swallow.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 12/28/2018.

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