What is pelvic pain?

pelvic pain

Pelvic pain can be a sign that there might be a problem with one of the reproductive organs in a woman’s pelvic area.

Although pelvic pain often refers to pain in the region of women's internal reproductive organs, pelvic pain can be present in either sex and can stem from other causes. Pelvic pain might be a symptom of infection or might arise from pain in the pelvis bone or in non-reproductive internal organs. In women, however, pelvic pain can very well be an indication that there might be a problem with one of the reproductive organs in the pelvic area (uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, and vagina).

What are the causes of pelvic pain?

pelvic pain

The reproductive organs in a woman’s pelvic area

Possible causes of pelvic pain in both men and women include:

  • Appendicitis
  • Bladder disorders (such as urinary tract infections)
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Kidney infection or kidney stones
  • Intestinal disorders (such as diverticulitis or colitis)
  • Nerve conditions (such as pinched nerves of the spine)
  • Hernia
  • Pelvis disorders (such as tightness and spasm of pelvic muscles)
  • Broken pelvic bones
  • Psychogenic pain (pain related to stress or psychological traumas from the past)

Possible causes of pelvic pain in women only include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Miscarriage
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Ovulation
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Ovarian cysts or other ovarian disorders
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Cancer (cervix, uterus, or ovaries)

Many symptoms are related to pelvic pain. Some of these symptoms include:

  • Menstrual cramps
  • Menstrual pain
  • Vaginal bleeding, spotting, or discharge
  • Painful or difficult urination
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Bloating or gas
  • Blood seen with a bowel movement
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Fever or chills
  • Pain in the hip area
  • Pain in the groin area