Bone Marrow Concentrate (BMC)
What is bone marrow concentrate (BMC)?
Bone marrow is the soft, spongy substance that fills the inner cavities of bones. It is where blood is produced.
Tiny spaces in the bone marrow hold blood and stem cells, the primitive cells that are able to grow into various types of blood cells. Under certain conditions, some of these stem cells can also create new tissue like bone, cartilage, fat and blood vessels.
BMC, also known as bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC), is a fluid containing cells taken from bone marrow.
How is bone marrow concentrate (BMC) obtained?
What are the risks involved with obtaining bone marrow concentrate?
Risks are rare, but may include:
- Pain that continues after the procedure
How is bone marrow concentrate (BMC) used to help repair or heal tissue?
Stem and progenitor cells, combined with other bone marrow cells and platelets, can be used to heal tissue when injected. Furthermore, BMC contains proteins, called cytokines and growth factors, that may help heal tissue. The proposed mechanism of action is still to be determined, as well as the clinical efficacy. However, BMC is believed to decrease (modulate) inflammation and potentially aid in new tissue formation.
- Treat bone fractures that have not grown back together
- Improve wound healing
- Help repair cartilage
- Treat bone death (osteonecrosis)
- Improve tendon healing
- Treat osteoarthritis in joints
- Delay disease progression (as in arthritis)