Insomnia is difficulty sleeping. This can either be difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. There are many causes of insomnia including, but not limited to, nausea, discomfort from a mouth sore, pain, or other causes. Changes in your daily routine, hospital routine, or physical, mental, or emotional stress can also be factors.


  • Practice relaxation techniques such as mental imagery, deep breathing, reading, and listening to calming music.
  • Make sure you are comfortable. Arrange your pillow so you can maintain a comfortable position.
  • Avoid napping too much during the day. At the same time, remember to balance activity with rest.
  • If you feel nervous or anxious, talk to your care partner. Get your troubles off your mind. Your social worker can meet with you for individualized counseling.
  • Only sleep in your bed; do not watch TV or read in bed.
  • Do not use electronic devices in bed; this includes phones, iPad, or TV. These devices stimulate your brain to wake up.
  • Exercise during the day, but not within 2 hours of going to sleep.
  • Tell your provider if you snore or get up often to go to the bathroom in the middle of the night. These might indicate that an underlying disease is causing your sleep disturbances. More testing may be required.
  • If necessary, you might be given a prescription for medicine to help you fall asleep.

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