Categorical Track: The traditional residency program structure. Carried out through the 4+1 model. The residents follow a comprehensive three year curriculum to cultivate a well-rounded internist and prepare residents for the subspecialty of their choice. Residents have inpatient, consult, elective, and longitudinal clinic experiences over the course of 3 years.
The Cleveland Clinic Internal Medicine program adopted a 4+1 structure for resident schedules. All inpatient, consult, and elective rotations are assigned within 4-week blocks called X weeks followed by one week of longitudinal continuity clinic (LCC) defined as Y week. The goal of 4+1 structure is to optimize and maximize our residents’ exposure to ambulatory medicine without interfering with training in the inpatient setting.
This creates two unique opportunities:
- The ability to deliver our curriculum in a dedicated manner without interference with clinical duties
- Empowerment of our residents to be the Primary Care Physician (PCP) for their outpatient clinic patients
All categorical residents have 1 week of longitudinal continuity clinic every 5 weeks.
Structure of Y week- LCC
During the LCC week, categorical residents have:
- 6 – ½ days of their longitudinal continuity clinic
- 2 – ½ days blocked for academic time (one on Monday morning and Tuesday afternoon) which is their protected learning time
- 1 – ½ day for sub-specialty clinic of choice or additional primary care experience
- 1 – ½ day for administrative responsibilities
Structure of X Weeks- Inpatient/Consults/Electives
Primary Inpatient Rotations:
- General Medicine
- Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU)
- Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU)
- Cardiology Clinic/Consult
- Vascular Medicine Clinic/Consult
- Gastroenterology Clinic/Consult
- Renal Clinic/Consult
- General Medicine Consult
- Pre operative Clinic
- Endocrinology Clinic/Consult
- Neurology Clinic/Consult
- Pulmonary Clinic/Consult
- Rheumatology Clinic/Consult
- Geriatrics Clinic
- Infectious Disease Clinic/Consult
- Allergy/Immunology Clinic
- Women’s Health Clinic
- LGBT Clinic
- Sports Medicine Clinic
- Dermatology Clinic
- Sleep Medicine Clinic
- Palliative Medicine Clinic/Consult
*These are just a few of the clinical opportunities available at Cleveland Clinic - many residents choose to pursue elective in more specialized areas to position themselves for success in pursuing a job or applying for fellowship.
All inpatient and consult rotations have an embedded curriculum with teaching sessions arranged a few times every week by dedicated faculty in that specialty.
Three Year Curriculum
Y week LCC
*All PGY3 residents attend 1 week intensive board review course in June
Clinician Educator Track (CET)
In July 2018, we proudly formed the Clinician Educator Track (CET) for the Cleveland Clinic Internal Medicine Residency Program! This track promotes the acquisition of skill needed to effectively teach, mentor and assess learners, develop new curricula, and disseminate scholarly work. This NRMP track is designed for residents interested in pursuing a career in academic medicine with a focus on medical education.
The program accepts three CET residents per year. Selection is competitive, and PGY1 residents will match into this track, separate from the categorical track.
During the CET:
- Residents have a longitudinal curriculum that spans three years.
- Residents will have one half-day of dedicated CET curriculum during their longitudinal clinic (Y) week.
- Residents have opportunities to teach built into the CET curriculum, including small group medical student teaching, inter-disciplinary teaching, teaching within GME, and also teaching at grand rounds.
- Residents have the opportunity for building curriculum and other educational projects, with time protected for this work.
- Residents will build an academic portfolio which will assist them in future endeavors.
- Residents enjoy a small team-based environment, with frequent interaction with all other CET residents and the CET directors.
Hospital Medicine Track (HMT)
Jazmine Sutton, MD
Director, Hospital Medicine Track
Associate Program Director
Hospitalists are physicians whose primary professional focus is the general medical care of hospitalized patients. Hospital Medicine is a growing and dynamic field of Internal Medicine. Expertise in inpatient medicine includes efficiency of care for hospitalized patients, broad-based knowledge in the management of acute medical conditions, and the ability to manage and succeed in a team environment to improve patient care.
In order to meet these goals, the Internal Medicine Residency Program offers an Inpatient or Hospital Medicine Track (HMT) to give this increased focus to your training. As an adjunct to the Categorical medicine training, you will have a dedicated 10 week experience (split over second and third years). You will be exposed to concepts of quality and patient safety, care transitions, risk management, perioperative medicine, and effective consultative practice. You will also be exposed to concepts of teaching and leadership training and be introduced to medical business practices.
This track is designed for residents who are interested in Hospital Medicine careers as well as those who plan fellowship training (particularly fellowships with a strong inpatient focus).
The clinical Hospital Medicine experience will include one-to-one mentorship with a Hospitalist, following a Hospitalist work schedule. These rotations are done at Hillcrest Hospital, Marymount Hospital, or Medina Hospital, three excellent community hospitals in the Cleveland Clinic Health System. These experiences provide a unique opportunity to learn and practice Medicine in a community setting. Residents will learn clinical medicine, transitions of care, and compare the various hospital systems of care. In addition, patients in the community hospital setting often present with more “bread and butter” medical conditions, compared to many patients seen at the Main Campus tertiary care center who often have more complex situations.
The non-clinical portion of the track is comprised of a variety of educational programs and sessions. Problem Based Learning (PBL) cases are used to guide learning about several areas of systems-based practice. These sessions are supplemented with directed seminars about topics important to the practice of inpatient medicine. HMT residents spend time learning the basic concepts of Quality Improvement and Patient Safety; this experience includes the opportunity to interact with leaders in the Cleveland Clinic’s Quality and Patient Safety Institute as well as designing a QI/PS project. HMT residents also learn the fundamentals of perioperative medicine through a dedicated curriculum of case-based, didactic, and clinical experiences. A graduated experience is provided to residents in the second year of the track to build on knowledge and skills learned during the first year.
The Hospital Medicine track is designed to help physicians become effective agents of change in the complex hospital environment by training them to be leaders in coordinating and participating in the assessment, development, and implementation of system improvements. Residents will also become proficient in the care of complex hospitalized patients with exposure to:
- Increased experience in both consultative general medicine and perioperative assessment and care.
- Palliative medicine experience.
- Dedicated experience in hospital system-based competencies such as patient safety, quality improvement, and risk management.
- Dedicated experience in leadership skills including team approaches, multi-disciplinary care, management practices, and professionalism.
- Exclusive one-on-one time spent with experienced academic hospitalists and Cleveland Clinic Enterprise Senior Leadership. Hospital Medicine is a growing and dynamic field of Internal Medicine. Expertise in inpatient medicine includes efficiency of care for hospitalized patients, broad-based knowledge in the management of acute medical conditions, and the ability to manage and succeed in a team environment to improve patient care.
Primary Care Track (PCT)
Designed for residents who wish to prepare for a career in General Internal Medicine (GIM) within an academic or community setting. Aligned with our overall IMRP Mission, through the PCT we seek to train superb GIM primary care physicians. Our health system allows our residents to experience exceptional health care delivery models, refine their clinical skills, and develop their leadership skills.
We have an outstanding three-year Primary Care Track (PCT) that is offered in a fully integrated collaborative fashion and is imbedded within the IMRP Categorical Track and in parallel to the other Internal Medicine tracks. Our PCT has been around for over 20 years and is designed for residents who wish to prepare for a career in General Internal Medicine (GIM) within an academic or community setting.
Like IMRP members in the Categorical and other tracks track, PCT residents have a longitudinal continuity clinic (LCC) during their Y weeks. The Y week has dedicated teaching, LCC, and opportunity for an additional ambulatory clinic experience in another GIM practice location or subspecialty clinic with an ambulatory focus.
During specific months of the academic year, all PCT residents have Primary Care Block (PCB) along with their standard Y weeks. PCB allows for important GIM curriculum, topics relevant to outpatient medicine, and experience in appropriate subspecialty clinics to help prepare you for the practice of GIM in the ambulatory setting. For example, we offer office-based dermatology, ophthalmology, women’s health, psychiatry, and sports medicine among others.
Our PCT aspires to provide a balance of ambulatory and inpatient experiences in order to help you become a superb GIM physician. PCT program leadership and GIM clinical faculty exemplify the essence of GIM – clinical knowledge, empathy, and professionalism. We strive to develop in our trainees in the skills and tools necessary to go on to GIM careers within an academic or community setting. If you are interested please don’t hesitate to contact us at 216.444.2336 or via e-mail: IMRPPrimaryCareTrack@ccf.org for more information.
Stacey Jolly, MD, MAS, FACP
Associate Professor of Medicine
Associate Program Director
Director of Ambulatory Education
Preliminary residents spend the majority of the year on core Internal Medicine rotations.
The 4+1 schedule structure extends to our preliminary track as well. Instead of IM longitudinal clinic, the Y-week will consist of a clinic or consult rotation.
Clinical experience may include
- General Internal Medicine (Kimball/Tucker)
- Subspecialty Consult Services (Nephrology, Gastroenterology, Cardiology, etc)
- Cardiology Inpatient
- Hepatology Inpatient
- Hematology/Oncology Inpatient
- Emergency Department
- Vacation: 3 weeks plus a float week
VA Northeast Ohio Healthcare System
Center of Outpatient Education
Megan McNamara, MD, MS
- Physician Director, Center of Outpatient Education, VA Northeast Ohio Healthcare System
- Professor of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
- Physician Director, G.I.V.E. Clinic, VA Northeast Ohio Healthcare System
Elizabeth Jean-Marie MD, MSc
Chief Resident of Quality and Safety, Cleveland VA Medical Center
For questions about the track, email Elizabeth.Jean-Marie@va.gov
About the track:
The VA Center of Outpatient Education (COE) track is a unique track offered by the Cleveland Clinic Internal Medicine Residency Program. We accept six physicians each year who have an interest in health care systems, quality improvement, patient safety, and interprofessional collaboration. If you are interested in this track, please make sure you select it when applying via ERAS and the NRMP Match websites (Cleveland Clinic VA Track code: 1968140C2).
Throughout your 3-year residency, your schedule will include four outpatient blocks of 12-weeks duration each. During the outpatient blocks, you will see patients in a primary care setting at the VA Northeast Ohio Healthcare System. You will be the primary provider responsible for a panel of about 200 patients. This unique opportunity provides a great deal of autonomy and unrivaled continuity. Skills and training obtained as a participant in this track will be applicable to all physicians, whether planning further specialty training or a career in primary care.
In addition to helping our residents excel in clinical knowledge, we provide an innovative curriculum to ensure our residents leave the program with the competencies in each of our six educational domains: shared-decision making, interprofessional collaboration, quality improvement, leadership, social determinants of health, and professional satisfaction.
Curriculum Overview (more details below):
- Clinical training in both general medicine and subspecialties
- Didactic sessions and morning reports that address key medical topics
- Creation and implementation of Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Projects
- Interdisciplinary team-based care
- Proactive and reflective care
- Bioethics and health care humanities
1st Year: One Block (12 weeks of primary care clinic during the second half of the year)
2nd Year: First Block (12 weeks), Second Block (12 weeks)
3rd Year: One Block (12 weeks during the first half of the year)
The remainder of your schedule will be at the Cleveland Clinic where you will do inpatient services, consults, and subspecialty clinics similar to the Cleveland Clinic residents in other tracks. You will not have any inpatient services at the VA.
During the COE blocks you will have a balanced schedule that emphasizes clinical training in primary care as well as subspecialty care, quality improvement, dedicated didactic learning time, and self-directed time to study on your own or work on research projects. A typical resident schedule for a block would be as follows:
- 3 half-days of Primary Care clinic (combination of in-person and virtual appointments)
- 1 half-day of either Women’s Health or Geriatrics clinic (will have the opportunity to do both during your time)
- 0-1 half-day of either Procedure clinic, Rheumatology, Gastroenterology, or Endocrinology clinic
- 1-2 half-days of Elective time (can join subspecialty clinic at either the VA or Cleveland Clinic)
- 1 half-day of Urgent Care clinic
- 1 half-day of Panel Management
- 1 half-day of Friday Didactics
- 1 half-day of Administrative time
During elective half-day(s), residents will have the opportunity to develop close relationships with subspecialists of their choice at the VA or Cleveland Clinic. The 12-week block model allows for unprecedented continuity and opportunity to develop subspecialty skills or research.
Residents undergo robust clinical training in both general medicine and subspecialties in our innovative COE curriculum. You will experience autonomy as a joint primary care physician (alternating with one other COE resident) for a panel of VA patients during a two-year period. Additionally, residents will be trained in different areas of general medicine including women’s health, geriatrics, outpatient procedures, and urgent care. Our lectures and morning reports emphasize knowledge regarding essential medical topics. We have updated our curriculum this year to emphasize training in virtual medicine in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Below are some examples of how we achieve our curricular objectives:
- Residents receive formal training in the Lean process improvement model and work in interprofessional groups to complete a QI project. At the completion of their project, learners obtain a Lean Yellow-belt certification.
- There are weekly panel management sessions to get a bird’s-eye view of your patients, and initiate panel improvement projects to address issues such as uncontrolled hypertension or poorly managed diabetes within your panel.
Shared Decision Making:
- Learners receive formal training in patient counseling, motivational interviewing, and communication skills.
- During their training at the VA residents have the opportunity to video-record clinic visits with their patients for analysis and direct feedback on a real patient encounter.
- Residents present challenging management cases from their panel to their colleagues to discuss various treatment approaches with other learners and providers.
- Residents partner with NP residents, NP students, Pharmacy Residents, and Psychology Residents, and Social Work Residents in various projects throughout their COE training.
- As members of a primary care team, residents work collaboratively with RNs, LPNs, social workers, pharm-Ds, health psychologists, and administrative staff to manage their panel of patients.
- Our clinical administrators and healthcare leaders at the VA provide educational sessions to our learners on their experiences in their leadership positions.
- Residents get to supervise NP students in their clinic in a dyad model that provides a great teaching experience.
- Residents are expected to direct patient management within their primary care teams. They also lead numerous sessions during our didactics including Journal Club and educational lectures.
Social Determinants of Health:
- Our learners do Reflective Journeys during which they interact with one of their patients for part of a day within the hospital or outside in the community to better understand their healthcare and psychosocial challenges.
- During our didactics we discuss how health policy, legal precedent, societal challenges, and environmental factors affect clinical decision making.
- The Program Leadership are always open to feedback and suggestions from our learners to implement timely and continuous improvement to the curriculum.
- Our Friday didactics occasionally include taking trips to our local Cleveland museums for unique educational opportunities.
- We emphasize residence wellness with dedicated sessions by experts, coffee breaks during several of our Friday didactics for learners to mingle freely, and ice cream parties at the end of our blocks!
We look forward to seeing you at the Cleveland VA Medical Center!
Clinical Scholar Program (ClinSchoP)
The Clinical Scholar Program (CLINSCHOP) is our specialized research track for residents with a special interest in research or careers in academic medicine.
Categorical residents can apply in the winter of their PGY-1 or PGY-2 year for the next academic year. Applicants submit a personal essay, a research proposal, and letters of recommendation from both their advisors and research mentors. Submissions are reviewed by a selected group of faculty researchers and up to 8 residents are selected for the CLINSCHOP track each year.
Selected residents participate in an approximately four-month educational experience that includes clinical research courses and workshops in biostatistics, epidemiology, and medical writing, journal clubs, and research work-in-progress sessions.