During the procedure, surgeons typically use laparoscopic techniques and instruments to implant an inflatable silicone band around the upper portion of the stomach. The band creates a new, tiny pouch that limits and controls the amount of food consumed. The band also creates a small outlet that slows the emptying process into the stomach and the intestines allowing the patient to experience an earlier sensation of fullness and increased satisfied with smaller amounts of food. This ultimately results in weight loss.
The laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding patient can expect a reduced hospital stay of one to two days; in some instances there may be an increased stay if the surgery required an abdominal incision or complications occurred. Patients may resume normal activities in one to two weeks; again, expect a delay if there is an abdominal incision or complications occurred.
The lap band surgery procedure (also commonly referred to as a "lap band") requires no cutting or stapling of the stomach and bowel and is considered the least invasive weight loss surgery available. The band is also adjustable and can be modified by inflating or deflating the inner surface with saline solution. The surgeon can control the amount of saline in the band using a fine needle through the skin. The adherence to monthly appointments for band adjustments the first 6-12 months after surgery is very important to achieve optimal results. Once the band is adjusted properly, the duration between visits can be lengthened. The adjustments are made in the surgeon’s exam room and patients have minimal discomfort. Finally, should the band need to be removed, the stomach will return to its original form and function.
To better understand this procedure, you can watch our animated video on what the surgery does:
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