What is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH, refers to the enlargement of the prostate gland that almost always happens as a man ages. The term benign means that this change is not cancerous. The prostate is a gland that produces the fluid that semen is stored in. The prostate surrounds the tube that moves urine out of the body through the penis. When the prostate gets bigger, it can interfere with urination.

What are symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?

Symptoms of BPH include:

  • Waking up at night several times to urinate.
  • Not being able to control starting and stopping of urination.
  • Feeling like your bladder is not really empty.
  • Having a weak urine stream that may start and stop and may dribble at the end.
  • Feeling pain or burning while urinating.

Enlarged prostate, bladder, urine, urethra

Enlarged prostate blocking the flow of urine through the urethra.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 03/10/2020.

References

  • Dixon CM, Rijo Cedano E, Mynderse LA, Larson TR. Transurethral convective water vapor as a treatment for lower urinary tract symptomatology due to benign prostatic hyperplasia using the Rezūm(®) system: evaluation of acute ablative capabilities in the human prostate. Res Rep Urol. 2015;7:13-8.
  • Mcvary KT, Gange SN, Gittelman MC, Goldberg KA, Patel K, Shore ND, Levin RM, Rousseau M, Beahrs JR, Kaminetsky J, Cowan BE, Cantrill CH, Mynderse LA, Ulchaker JC, Larson TR, Dixon CM, Roehrborn CG. Erectile and Ejaculatory Function Preserved With Convective Water Vapor Energy Treatment of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Secondary to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Randomized Controlled Study. J Sex Med. 2016;13(6):924-33.
  • Mcvary KT, Rogers T, Roehrborn CG. Rezūm Water Vapor Thermal Therapy for Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Associated With Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: 4-Year Results From Randomized Controlled Study. Urology. 2019;126:171-179.
  • Mcvary KT, Gange SN, Gittelman MC, Goldberg KA, Patel K, Shore ND, Levin RM, Rousseau M, Beahrs JR, Kaminetsky J, Cowan BE, Cantrill CH, Mynderse LA, Ulchaker JC, Larson TR, Dixon CM, Roehrborn CG. Minimally invasive prostate convective water vapor energy ablation: A multicenter, randomized, controlled study for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia. J Urol. 2016 May;195(5):1529-38
  • Correction to Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2019; published online March 1. DOI:10.1016/ S2213-8587(19)30066-X. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2019;7(5):e5.

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