Three of the more common skin conditions that people experience are blisters, corns, and calluses.

A blister is a shell on the skin surface that often contains a clear liquid. Blisters can form when the skin is repeatedly rubbed; for instance, when your shoes keep rubbing the same spot on your foot, when you wear shoes that don’t fit properly, or when you wear shoes without socks. Blisters can become infected.

A corn is a build-up of hard skin near a bony area of a toe or between toes. Corns may be caused by pressure from shoes that rub against the toes or cause friction between the toes.

A callus is a build-up of hard skin, usually on the underside of the foot. Calluses are caused by an uneven distribution of weight, generally on the bottom of the forefoot or heel. Calluses also can be caused by improperly fitting shoes or by a skin abnormality. It’s normal to have some calluses on the soles of your feet.Q: How can these conditions be prevented?

A.

  • Wear shoes that fit properly and comfortably.
  • Wear socks with shoes.
  • Use foot powder to help keep your feet dry.
  • Wear gloves when you are doing manual labor or working with your hands.### How are these conditions treated?

Blisters
Don’t break or "pop" the blister; the skin covering the blister helps protect it from infection. Gently wash the area with mild soap and water or a cleansing towelette, then apply antibacterial cream to the blister. Cover it with gauze and secure it with hypoallergenic tape to help protect the skin and prevent infection. Change the dressing at least once a day and wear different shoes until the blister heals.

Corns
Don’t try to cut the corn or remove it with a sharp object. After you take a bath or shower, while your skin is still soft, use a pumice stone or an emery board to smooth and gently remove the build-up of tissue. Move the emery board or pumice stone in one direction only.

Calluses
Don’t try to cut the callus or remove it with a sharp object. After your bath or shower, use a pumice stone to gently remove the build-up of tissue. You can also use cushioned pads and insoles. Your doctor may prescribe medications to soften the calluses.

Reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional.

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