What is plantar fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is a painful foot condition caused by an injury to the plantar fascia. The plantar fascia is the tough connective tissue that stretches from the heel to the ball of the foot that helps support the arch of the foot.

What causes plantar fasciitis?

This problem is caused by an inflammation of the plantar fascia (a thin strong band of tissue that extends from the heel to the toes) on the bottom of the foot. Several factors contribute to plantar fasciitis. These include:

  • Having a high arched foot or a flat foot
  • Wearing non-supportive footwear on hard surfaces for prolonged periods of time
  • Physical factors such as obesity
  • Anything that may lead to overuse injury of the plantar fascia tissue

What are the symptoms of plantar fasciitis?

Symptoms usually include pain on the bottom of the heel. Sometimes the pain involves the arch of the foot. The pain is usually worse when you get up in the morning or with the initial steps after sitting for a period of time. The pain will generally decrease after a short period of walking but may return after prolonged time spent on your feet. The pain usually becomes worse over a period of months if not treated.