Prescription skin care can improve the overall look of your skin. You can also use prescription products to treat specific conditions, such as eczema or psoriasis. Prescription skin care products often contain the same ingredients as over-the-counter products, but in stronger dosages.
Prescription skin care can improve the overall look of your skin. Prescription products often contain the same ingredients as over-the-counter products. But dosage strengths are higher in prescription skin care.
Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy
Anyone can ask a dermatologist (skin care doctor) about prescription skin care. A dermatologist may recommend prescription skin care when over-the-counter products haven’t helped.
A healthcare provider may prescribe medications to treat certain skin conditions, such as:
You can also use prescription skin care to:
Your healthcare provider may prescribe a medicated cream called imiquimod to treat early skin cancer. Corticosteroid creams can treat eczema or psoriasis.
Some prescription products have ingredients that brighten skin and reduce acne. Your healthcare provider may prescribe:
If you need products that affect hair growth, your healthcare provider may prescribe:
Many prescription skin care products are creams or gels that you apply directly to your skin. Usually, you use these creams a few times a week. Other medications are pills that you swallow one or more times a day.
The primary advantage of prescription skin care is its strength and effectiveness. Prescription-grade products can work their way past the surface layers of skin into the dermis (deeper skin layer).
When your skin care products reach these deeper layers of skin, they work better. The dermis contains collagen, elastin and new skin. These types of skin cells make your complexion appear brighter, firmer and more youthful.
If you have male-pattern hair loss, prescription products are some of the only proven treatments. For example, finasteride is one of only a few FDA-approved products to grow hair in men. Some prescription products, such as Rogaine® (minoxidil), eventually become available over-the-counter.
Because prescription skin care products are such strong formulations, they can cause side effects. While using prescription skin care, you might experience:
Many prescription skin care products are not safe to use while you are pregnant or nursing. Be sure to tell your healthcare provider if there is a possibility that you are pregnant.
Usually, a dermatologist prescribes one prescription skin care product to treat a specific condition, like acne. You can incorporate this product into a skin care routine with nonprescription cleansers and moisturizers.
Because many prescription products can cause dryness, choose a gentle cleanser and moisturizing cream. Avoid combining prescription and over-the-counter products designed to treat the same condition. For example, if your dermatologist prescribed an acne cream, avoid also using an over-the-counter cleanser that targets acne.
In general, you will start to see results from oral medications in 2 to 3 weeks. Topical prescription skin care can take up to six weeks to show results.
You should call your healthcare provider if any skin care products cause:
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Prescription skin care products can improve the look of your skin. They can also treat specific conditions such as eczema or hair loss. Many people experience excellent results from prescription skin care. For most people, these products have no significant side effects. But many prescription products are not safe to use during pregnancy. If you have tried over-the-counter skin care products without success, speak with a healthcare provider about prescription options.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 05/24/2021.
Learn more about our editorial process.