What should I do if I find a lump in my breast?

Don't panic. Eighty percent of all breast lumps are benign (non-cancerous).

There are several common causes of breast lumps:

  • Benign breast changes (fibrocystic changes)
  • Breast cysts
  • Fibroadenomas
  • Breast infection
  • Breast cancer

Can men have breast lumps?

Yes. Men can have tender breast enlargement, often with a lump beneath the nipple. Sometimes this is in 1 breast, often in both. This benign finding is called gynecomastia. The cause is often not discovered, but may be related to hormonal imbalance or medication side effects. Breast cancer, however, does occur in men. A thorough evaluation is necessary.

Can a breast lump mean an infection?

Possibly. Sometimes breast infections are first noticed as a painful lump, with or without redness.

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