In any sport, injuries to the teeth and mouth can occur. A fall or a blow by an object, such as a bat, body part, ball, etc. can lead to injuries. Proper and prompt management is necessary to ensure the best possible survival rate of the involved teeth.
The outer-most layer is called the enamel and is comprised of mineral salts, which make this protective cover the hardest substance in the body. There are two different sections that comprise a tooth. The crown extends above the gum line and is the area in which chewing occurs. The root affixes with the bone to hold the tooth in place and also allows nerves and blood vessels to pass.
There are two different classifications of dental injuries. Direct dental injuries occur when the mouth or head is struck by an object such as a bat or a forearm. Indirect injuries occur when an open mouth is closed abruptly, forcing the lower jaw’s teeth to be crushed into the upper teeth. Teeth that have had a large cavity or a previous root canal are usually affected by indirect injuries.
There are different types of injuries that may result. Proper management of these injuries is vital to saving the tooth.
Prevention of dental injuries starts with ensuring that protective equipment is in proper working condition. In certain contact sports, mouth guards
Reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional.