Clinical Chemistry

Clinical Chemistry

Chemistry I

Lectures, reading assignments and hands-on practice are used to present basic laboratory principles of medical laboratory science techniques including quality control, laboratory statistics, balances, pipetting, basic microscopy, glassware and function verification/preventative maintenance (FVPM). Safety including basic knowledge of various chemical and biological hazards, proper methods of handling and disposing of them, body fluid precautions and laboratory safety is also covered. The correct use of appropriate safety equipment and techniques is stressed during daily laboratory assignments. Additionally, this course covers the biochemistry and normal and abnormal physiology of various classes of chemicals.  Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control and result interpretation. 

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will be able to describe the biochemistry, physiology and measurement of various classes of chemicals and explain how to interpret and correlate the laboratory test results.  The student will be able to apply quality control principles, reagent preparation, and to correlate the principles of laboratory calculations.

Chemistry II

Lectures present the biochemistry and normal and abnormal physiology of various classes of chemicals, the basic principles and use of laboratory instruments and equipment, preparation of reagents, and statistics and their application to quality control systems.  A survey of laboratory methods used to measure various classes of chemicals, their interpretation and clinical application is also covered.  Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control and result interpretation. 

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will be able to describe the biochemistry, physiology and measurement of various classes of chemicals and explain how to interpret and correlate the laboratory test results.  The student will be able to apply the principles of instrumentation to the various testing methodologies.

Clinical Hematology

Clinical Hematology

Hematology I

Lectures cover the production, function and morphology of red blood cells, discussion of the diagnostic features of hematologic disorders and principles of laboratory tests employed in their diagnosis. The course also covers specimen collection, manual and automated enumeration and identification of red blood cells and performance of diagnostic test procedures.  Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control and result interpretation. 

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will describe the production and function of red blood cells and disorders which affect them, exhibit the ability to perform diagnostic laboratory determinations and interpret and correlate the results and apply the knowledge to examine and correlate test results to disease conditions.

Hematology II

Lectures cover the production, function and morphology of white blood cells, discussion of the diagnostic features of hematologic disorders and principles of laboratory tests employed in their diagnosis. The course also covers specimen collection, manual and automated enumeration and identification of white blood cells and performance of diagnostic test procedures.  Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control and result interpretation. 

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will describe the production and function of white blood cells and disorders which affect them, exhibit the ability to perform diagnostic laboratory determinations and interpret and correlate the results and apply the knowledge to examine and correlate test results to disease conditions.

Coagulation

Lectures cover the process of hemostasis, hemorrhagic disorders and the principles and performance of laboratory procedures used in the diagnosing and monitoring disorders.  Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control and result interpretation. 

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will describe the production and function of blood cells and disorders which affect them, exhibit the ability to perform diagnostic laboratory determinations and interpret and correlate the results and apply the knowledge to examine and correlate test results to disease conditions.

Urinalysis and Body Fluid Analysis

Lectures cover the physiology and clinical importance of examining body fluids such as cerebrospinal fluid, pleural fluids and semen.  The course also covers the anatomy and physiology of the kidney in health and disease and the chemical and microscopic examination of urine.  Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control and result interpretation. 

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will explain the characteristics and components of body fluids other than urine, illustrate and explain kidney anatomy, functions, and dysfunction, perform specimen collection, processing, and handling and apply knowledge of the principles, interpretation, QC, and clinical significance of physiochemical tests performed on urine.

Clinical Immunohematology

Clinical Immunohematology

Immunohematology I

Lectures cover the common blood group systems, ABO discrepancies, and serologic procedures performed prior to blood transfusion.  Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control and result interpretation. 

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will explain the principle of tests performed in the blood bank and their importance to the physician and the patient. 

Immunohematology II

Lectures cover the collection and processing of donor units, donor screening, component preparation, and adverse effects of blood transfusion.  Additionally, Hemolytic Disease of the Fetus and Newborn as well as the various types of Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemias are investigated in some depth.  Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control and result interpretation. 

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will explain the causes and sources of error in the tests performed, describe the adverse effects of blood transfusion and explain the process of donor preparation and component preparation. 

Clinical Immunology

Clinical Immunology

Immunopathology I

Lectures cover the characteristics of antigens, antibodies, their reactions and the principles of laboratory tests involving antigen-antibody reactions. Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control and result interpretation. 

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will be able to apply the knowledge of the immune system, its components, function, dysfunction and evaluation, summarize various serodiagnostic tests, including the theory and clinical importance of their results and discover the correlation between serologic, hematologic, urinalysis, chemistry and microbiologic results. 

Immunopathology II

Lectures cover the function and dysfunction of the immune mechanism and the laboratory tests used to measure its integrity.  A survey of infectious diseases for which serologic testing is of diagnostic importance is also covered.  Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control and result interpretation. 

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will be able to apply the knowledge of the immune system, its components, function, dysfunction and evaluation, summarize various serodiagnostic tests, including the theory and clinical importance of their results and discover the correlation between serologic, hematologic, urinalysis, chemistry and microbiologic results. 

Clinical Microbiology

Clinical Microbiology

Bacteriology I

Lectures present the principles of basic laboratory techniques, microbiology lab safety, specimen collection, handling and infection control, application of quality assurance, quality control, and proper specimen processing and storage.  Additional lectures will cover the medically relevant Gram positive species.  Pathogenic species are discussed in comparison to normal flora. Laboratory work emphasizes proper lab safety techniques and the isolation, identification, and antibiotic susceptibility testing using stock organisms and clinical cultures.

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will apply the knowledge and skills necessary for lab safety, specimen handling, storage and transport, quality assurance and control, as well as the isolation, identification, and follow-up work of clinically significant organisms and other related microorganisms. 

Bacteriology II

Lectures present the medically relevant non-fermenting and fastidious Gram negative organisms and anaerobic species, antimicrobials and susceptibility testing, and viral culture and identification.  Laboratory work emphasizes the strategies for isolation and identification of clinically significant Gram negative bacteria, anaerobes, and viruses. 

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will apply the knowledge and skills necessary for the isolation, identification and follow-up work of clinically significant organisms and other related organisms.

Mycology and Mycobacteriology

Lectures cover the morphology and isolation of clinically significant yeasts, molds and other fungi, their identification and clinical significance.  Additionally, identification, isolation and antibiotic susceptibility testing for the medically relevant mycobacteria are covered.  

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will describe the process of cultivation and identification of mycobacteria, yeasts, molds and other fungi.

Parasitology

Lectures cover life cycles, diagnostic morphology and pathology of human parasites. The course also emphasizes the detection and microscopic identification of diagnostic forms of parasites and detection of blood in fecal specimens.

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will summarize and compare clinically significant parasites and the ability to perform methods used in their detection and identification.

Laboratory Operations

Laboratory Operations

Laboratory Operations I

Lectures and demonstration are used to present basic laboratory principles of venipuncture.  The student will learn to effectively obtain blood specimens using various methods.  Knowledge and understanding of medical terminology and jargon is a necessary part of effective communication skills. Self-instructional textbook assignments, a written exam and day to day exposure during lab activities enable the student to develop these skills.

Lectures and reading assignments cover the basic principles of management and supervision. In order to demonstrate the practical application of basic principles as they apply to laboratory management, the student is required to complete a capstone project.

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will explain the principles of management.  The student will describe the most effective way for obtaining blood specimens from a patient. 

Laboratory Operations II

Lectures and reading assignments cover the preparation of objectives, evaluation methods and some theory of adult education. Projects include teaching a bench skill, preparation and presentation of lecture material and preparation of evaluation tools such as examination items and performance checklists.

Lectures and reading assignments cover the ethics and principles of clinical research, governmental regulations and their associated organizations, and basics of data analysis.  Students will complete a research project using data gathered from the clinical laboratory to complete a test validation and do a poster presentation.

Upon completion of the lectures, exams and laboratory exercises, the student will exhibit knowledge of principles of education and their application in preparation and presentation of educational material.  The student will also be able to apply the knowledge of clinical research. 

Laboratory Operations III

The last week of the program is devoted to a review of the year’s work and successful completion of the program’s comprehensive examinations.   

Upon completion of the exams, the student will successfully apply the knowledge learned during the program for the comprehensive exams and extrapolate that knowledge to the ASCP BOC exam. 

Molecular Diagnostics

Molecular Diagnostics

Molecular Diagnostics (2 credit hours): Lectures and reading assignments cover the basic principles of cytogenetics, FISH, and various PCR and molecular methodologies. Laboratory work allows the students to observe setup, processing, and result analysis of the various specimen types and testing procedures.

Upon completion of lectures, exams, and laboratory exercises, the student will correlate the knowledge of molecular testing to the most commonly performed applications in the clinical laboratory, such as cell culture and karyotyping; basic FISH laboratory processes, test and result analysis; and PCR / GenProbe technologies as they apply to human disease and diagnosis.