Orthopaedic & Rheumatologic Institute Outcomes
Total Knee Arthroplasty
Patient-Reported Outcome Measures 1 Year After Primary Unilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty for Osteoarthritis from the Prospective OME Cohort
2018-2019 (N = 3013, 79.9% follow-up)
In 2018, 33 distinct surgeons performed performed primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery on 3013 patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) at specific sites where the prospective Cleveland Clinic OME Cohort was active. Of these patients, 97.2% completed patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) at baseline and 79.9% followed up at 1 year. The average patient age was 66.5 years and 39% were male.
92.5% of patients experienced improvement in knee pain after one year with a median absolute improvement of 44.4 points. Knee pain was measured by the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score¹ (KOOS) pain scale, which ranges from 0-100 points (higher scores indicate less knee pain) and has a minimal clinically important difference (MCID) of 10.0.
82.8% of patients experienced improvement in knee function with a median absolute improvement of 25.4 points. Knee function was measured by the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score Physical Function Shortform² (KOOS-PS) instrument, which ranges from 0-100 points (higher scores indicate better knee function) and has an MCID of 10.0.
81.7% of patients experienced improvement in overall physical health with a median absolute improvement of 15.1 points. Physical health was measured by the Veterans RAND 12-Item Health Survey³ (VR-12), which is a norm-based scale where 50 represents the mean score of a nonpatient control group and every 10 units represents 1 standard deviation from the mean. The MCID is estimated at 5.0.
The box plot illustrates patients' one-year outcomes with respect to three separate PROMs: knee pain, knee function, and overall physical health. Here, "improvement" means that the change in score from pre-op to post-op exceeds the MCID for a PROM and is represented by the shaded region around the horizontal axis. The center horizontal line of each box represents the median change in PROM score, while the boxed regions above and below the center line represent the middle 50% of patients. Error bars represent 95% of patients and circular bubbles represent outliers.