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Primary Progressive Aphasia

Primary progressive aphasia is a condition that, over time, impairs the expressive and receptive communication abilities. The patient has difficulty understanding the speech of others or expressing himself/herself verbally. In the early stages, most people with primary progressive aphasia maintain the ability to take care of themselves, pursue hobbies and, in some instances, remain employed. Although expression is affected early, eventually receptive skills (understanding speech) are impaired. Memory is usually intact early on, although both short - and long-term memory are impaired later, requiring that the patient no longer live independently.

Primary progressive aphasia is usually a form of Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) but patients with Alzheimer's Disease may also manifest aphasia.

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