Mammograms are your first line of defense against breast cancer. Annual mammograms can detect cancer in its early stages and give women a head start on potentially lifesaving treatment. If you have a heightened risk of breast cancer — for example, if you have very dense breasts — ask your doctor if you need additional screening tests, such as an ultrasound or MRI scan.
Cleveland Clinic Florida makes it easy and convenient to schedule your mammogram by providing many imaging centers throughout Central and South Florida. Our imaging centers make early and accurate detection a priority by providing a wide array of imaging services:
- Digital mammography is a system that captures the X-ray image of the breast to a digital file that can be viewed on the computer rather than capturing the image as a photographic film. The image can be viewed immediately. The radiologist can zoom in and adjust the size, brightness, and contrast.
- Tomosynthesis or 3D Mammography is a type of mammogram where multiple projection angles are acquired using low dose x-rays and then reformatted to form 3D images of the breast.
- Breast MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) is an imaging test in which a contrast dye is administered to highlight different tissue structures of the breast. A scan is conducted which captures dozens of images of the breast using magnets and radio waves. Each image is a slice, which when compiled on the computer, provides the radiologist with detailed, cross-sectional views of the breast tissue.
- Breast ultrasound is an imaging technique in which a small, hand-held instrument called a transducer is placed against the skin. The device emits sound waves that bounce off body tissues and are converted into a black and white image that is displayed on a computer screen.
- Breast CAD (computer-aided detection) is a test that accompanies either film or digital mammograms. The image is analyzed by a computer, which then provides the radiologist an image flagging any suspicious areas that should be checked more closely.
- Minimally invasive diagnostic breast biopsies are often performed by a radiologist or surgeon who uses computerized imaging to guide him or her in taking tissue samples using a sterilized needle.
- Stereotactic vacuum-assisted biopsy is a minimally invasive diagnostic technique in which a doctor uses a vacuum probe inserted into a small incision to take small tissue samples guided by mammogram images of the breast.
- Ultrasound-guided vacuum-assisted biopsy is a minimally invasive diagnostic technique in which a doctor uses a vacuum probe inserted into a small incision to take small tissue samples guided by ultrasound images of the breast.
- MRI-guided core biopsy is a minimally invasive diagnostic technique in which a radiologist uses a vacuum probe inserted into a small incision to take small tissue samples guided by magnetic resonance images of the breast.
- Sentinel lymph node biopsy is the removal of one or a few of the lymph nodes under the arm. If they have cancer, then patients may then need to have all of the lymph nodes removed, called an axillary lymph node dissection.
When Your Doctor Orders a Biopsy
Biopsies are an important part of detecting breast cancer. While imaging tests, such as mammograms or ultrasounds, can detect a suspicious change in a woman's breast, they can't tell if that change is actually cancer. Only a biopsy — in which a small amount of tissue is removed from the breast and then examined under a microscope — can reveal this for certain.
There are different types of breast biopsies — each one has its own pros and cons. Discuss with your physician the type of biopsy he or she recommends, based on how large the tumor is, how suspicious it is and your own preferences.
Questions for your doctor:
- What type of biopsy do you advise and why?
- How much breast tissue will be removed?
- What are the possible side effects?
- When will I know the results?
While it is difficult not to worry when there has been a suspicious change in your breast, consider that approximately four out of every five breast biopsies test negative for breast cancer according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
How Do I Schedule My Mammogram?
To schedule your mammogram at one of our Cleveland Clinic locations in Florida, please call:
- Weston appointments: 877.463.2010
- Indian River appointments: 772.562.0163
- Martin Health appointments: 772.288.5817