Clinical Chemistry

Clinical Chemistry

Chemistry I

Lectures, reading assignments, and hands-on practice are used to present basic laboratory principles of medical laboratory science techniques including quality control, laboratory statistics, pipetting, glassware, and function verification/preventative maintenance (FVPM). Safety including basic knowledge of various chemical and biological hazards, proper methods of handling and disposing of them, body fluid precautions, and laboratory safety is also covered. The correct use of appropriate safety equipment and techniques is stressed during daily laboratory assignments.

The homeostasis of the human body with respect to acid-base balance, blood gases, water balance, and electrolytes is examined as are the testing methodologies and requirements for specimen handling. The enzymatic processes of the patient and their pathological malfunctions are discussed and the testing explained. The substrates on which the enzymes act and the use of enzymes as reagents are additionally explained.

A survey of laboratory methods used to measure various classes of chemicals, their interpretation, and clinical application is also covered. Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control, and result interpretation.

Chemistry II

Lectures, reading assignments, and hands-on practice are used to guide the student through a survey of the proteins of the human body. The non-protein nitrogens, lipids, and vitamins are explained and the historical and more recent testing are described and practiced in the student lab with an aim to diagnose both chronic and acute conditions. Exogenous substances both prescribed and illicit will affect the body in numerous ways and how the body acts on the substances is defined. The specifics of the processes are examined and the testing discussed with an emphasis placed especially on the purposes both for taking therapeutic drugs and testing for various analytes. The regulation of complex systems of the body is carried out by the endocrine system. Several of the most important endocrine axes are diagrammed and pathological increases and decreases in hormones or their precursors are explained and diagnosed both in case studies and in the student lab.

A survey of laboratory methods used to measure various classes of chemicals, their interpretation, and clinical application is also covered. Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control, and result interpretation.  

Clinical Hematology

Clinical Hematology

Hematology I

Lectures and reading assignments cover the production, function and morphology of hematopoietic cells, discussion of hemoglobins, the identification of diseases associated with abnormal hemoglobins, and the principles of laboratory tests employed in their diagnosis. The course also covers manual and automated enumeration and identification of the cellular components of blood and performance of diagnostic test procedures. Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control, and result interpretation. 

Hematology II

Lectures and reading assignments cover the production, function, and morphology of blood cells. Discussion includes the diagnostic features of hematologic disorders and principles of laboratory tests employed in their diagnosis. The content also includes accurate identification of red and white blood cells, performance of diagnostic test procedures, and the diseases associated with abnormal cell populations. Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control, and result interpretation. 

Coagulation

Lectures cover the process of hemostasis, hemorrhagic and thrombotic disorders, and the principles and performance of laboratory procedures used in the diagnosing and monitoring of disorders. Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control, and result interpretation. 

Urinalysis and Body Fluid Analysis

Lectures cover the physiology and clinical importance of examining urine and body fluids. The course also covers the anatomy and physiology of the kidney in health and disease and the chemical and microscopic examination of urine and body fluids. Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control, and result interpretation.   

Clinical Immunohematology

Clinical Immunohematology

Immunohematology I

Lectures cover the ABO and Rh blood group systems as well as other common blood group systems including their inheritance, antigen and antibody characteristics, and clinical significance, the identification, resolution, and cause of ABO type discrepancies, and serologic procedures performed prior to blood transfusion. Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control, and result interpretation. 

Immunohematology II

Lectures cover the collection and processing of donor units, donor screening, component preparation, transfusion therapy, and adverse effects of blood transfusion. Additionally, Hemolytic Disease of the Fetus and Newborn, various types of autoimmune hemolytic anemia, the HLA blood group system, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and some molecular testing methods are investigated. Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control, and result interpretation.

Clinical Immunology

Clinical Immunology

Immunopathology I

Lectures cover the characteristics of antigens, antibodies, their reactions and the principles of laboratory tests involving antigen-antibody reactions. Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control, and result interpretation.

Immunopathology II

Lectures cover the function and dysfunction of the immune mechanism and the laboratory tests used to measure its integrity. A survey of infectious diseases for which serologic testing is of diagnostic importance is also covered. Laboratory work will give the student hands-on experience with instrumentation and manual methods to assist with the understanding of troubleshooting, quality control, and result interpretation.

Clinical Microbiology

Clinical Microbiology

Bacteriology I

Lectures present the principles of basic laboratory techniques, microbiology lab safety, specimen collection, handling and infection control, application of quality assurance, quality control, and proper specimen handling and storage. Additional lectures will cover the medically relevant Gram positive species. Pathogenic species are discussed in comparison to normal flora. Laboratory work emphasizes isolation, identification, and antibiotic susceptibility testing using stock organisms and clinical cultures.

Bacteriology II

Lectures present the medically relevant non-fermenting and fastidious Gram negative organisms and anaerobic species, antimicrobials and susceptibility testing, viral culture and identification. Laboratory work emphasizes the strategies for isolation and identification of clinically significant Gram negative bacteria, anaerobes, and viruses.

Mycology and Mycobacteriology

Lectures cover the morphology and isolation of clinically significant yeasts, molds, and other fungi, their identification and clinical significance. Additionally, identification, isolation, and antibiotic susceptibility testing for the medically relevant mycobacteria are covered.

Parasitology

Lectures cover life cycles, diagnostic morphology, and pathology of human parasites. The course also emphasizes the detection and microscopic identification of diagnostic forms of parasites and detection of blood in fecal specimens.

Laboratory Operations

Laboratory Operations

Laboratory Operations I

Lectures and demonstration are used to present basic laboratory principles of venipuncture. The student will learn to effectively obtain blood specimens using the multi-sample evacuated tube system. Knowledge and understanding of medical terminology and jargon is a necessary part of effective communication skills. Self-instructional textbook assignments, a written exam, and day-to-day exposure during lab activities enable the student to develop these skills.

Lectures and reading assignments cover the ethics and principles of clinical research, governmental regulations, and their associated organizations, and basics of data analysis. Students will complete a written research project, using testing data to illustrate the methods used when validating a test in the clinical laboratory.

Laboratory Operations II

Lectures and reading assignments throughout the year cover the basics of management, leadership, and educational principles. In order to demonstrate the practical application of these principles as they apply to laboratory management and education, the student is required to complete a capstone project.

Laboratory Operations III

The last week of the program is devoted to a review of the year’s work and successful completion of the program’s comprehensive examinations.

Molecular Diagnostics

Molecular Diagnostics

Lectures and reading assignments expose the student to different test methods and techniques. Lessons include cell culture, karyogram preparation, nucleic acid extraction from eukaryotes and prokaryotes, whole genome studies, and a general overview of the molecular technology as applied to microbiology.