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Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation

Our physicians in the Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, referred to as pediatric physiatrists, assist patients in overcoming functional impairments and medical limitations due to injury or disease. Our goal is to help children increase their independence and to live within the least restrictive means through a number of specialized services housed within our freestanding, family-friendly rehabilitation hospital.

Our pediatric physiatrists provide comprehensive evaluations and collaborate with the family’s pediatrician and the other specialists to coordinate individualized care plans for children with lifelong or disabling conditions. We also provide parental education to help families better understand their children’s conditions, what to expect functionally moving forward, and how to help the child continue rehabilitation at home.

We see patients at the Children’s Hospital for Rehabilitation at our Hospital for Rehabilitation campus, at Fairview Hospital on Cleveland’s west side and at outpatient therapy locations in Beachwood, Middleburg Heights and Westlake.

We work closely with your child’s primary care physician to coordinate treatment programs that address a variety of chronic and complex functional impairments, including:

  • Balance and coordination challenges
  • Developmental delays
  • Gait abnormalities
  • Motor control
  • Muscle stiffness or tightness
  • Muscle weakness
  • Poor posture
  • Pain

These issues can stem from injury, disease, or birth-related disorders. For example, we treat children who have:

  • Brachial plexus injuries
  • Brain injury/head injury
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Chronic pain
  • Complex regional pain syndrome
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Limb deficiencies and amputations
  • Metabolic diseases
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Musculoskeletal disorders (scoliosis, torticollis, intoeing)
  • Nerve injuries
  • Neuromuscular disease
  • Orthopedic injury
  • Sensory Processing Disorder
  • Spina bifida
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Sports associated injuries
  • Stroke

Our dedicated children’s hospital for rehabilitation is staffed by professionals who are solely focused on children who require specialized medical attention and intensive therapies.

If your child needs additional expertise, we collaborate closely with Cleveland Clinic Children’s Hospital specialists and are fully backed by the resources of the world-renowned Cleveland Clinic.

Children’s Hospital for Rehabilitation is one of a select few accredited, freestanding pediatric specialty hospitals in the United States.

Our pediatric pain rehabilitation program is the only program of its kind in the world accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities, which means we have demonstrated our commitment to providing quality of services for the best possible outcomes.

Inpatient therapy

Our inpatient therapy services provide a step-down for children with medically complex issues to gain treatment before leaving the hospital. In addition, children who require intensive treatments due to injury or disease can come to inpatient therapy for a period of time, during which they receive coordinated and comprehensive physical, occupational, and speech therapies, among other services.

Outpatient therapy

Our Day Hospital offers children who require intensive medical and developmental therapy full access to the same physical therapy and rehabilitation services as inpatients without requiring overnight hospitalization. Children receive intensive therapy during weekdays and return home each evening.

Motor Control Program

Our distinctive muscle control program helps patients relearn the use of muscle groups through unique devices and specially constructed computer protocols that measure the amount of energy exerted by various muscles and reward the child, providing immediate knowledge of their efforts. Patients are typically at least 2 years of age and have chronic conditions such as cerebral palsy or muscle dysfunction stemming from serious illness or injury. Many of our patients also have conditions that interfere with learning, such as hyperactivity, learning disorders, developmental delay, and hearing or vision defects.

Pediatric Pain Rehabilitation Program

Our pain rehabilitation program is designed for children and adolescents whose chronic pain interferes with their normal activities. The two-part, three-week program consists of inpatient and day hospital components. The interdisciplinary program takes a rehabilitative approach to helping children accept and manage their manage their pain and to restore daily activities. Our program is the first and only pain rehabilitation program to receive accreditation from the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF).

Seating and Wheelchair Clinic

A physiatrist, along with physical and occupational therapists, assess the child’s seating, wheelchair and mobility needs. They assist children who require adaptive equipment to improve their positioning and mobility and promote functional independence.

Spasticity Program

Our dedicated interdisciplinary program serves the needs of children who have cerebral palsy, head or spinal cord injuries, and spina bifida. The team which includes a physiatrist, occupational and physical therapists, collaborates closely with orthopedic surgery and neurosurgery to recognize and understand the complicated nature of spasticity. They work together to evaluate the child’s spasticity, determine the best treatment options and assist the child in overcoming challenges that may interfere with movement and speech.

Additional Treatments

  • Acupuncture
  • Baclofen pump trials
  • Botox injections
  • Electromyography
  • Nerve conduction studies
  • Peripheral nerve blocks for spasticity

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Benjamin Katholi, MD

Benjamin Katholi, MD

Katholi, Benjamin, MD

Location(s): Childrens Hospital for Rehabilitation

Department: Developmental and Rehabilitation Pediatrics

Specialties: Brachial Plexus, Cerebral Palsy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT), Cognitive Disorders, Concussions, Pediatric, Developmental Delays, Down Syndrome more

Treats: Children & Adolescents Only

Surgeon: No

Education: Southern Illinois University School of Medicine

Virmarie Quinones-Pagan, MD

Virmarie Quinones-Pagan, MD

Quinones-Pagan, Virmarie, MD

Location(s): Childrens Hospital for Rehabilitation, Richard E. Jacobs Health Center

Department: Developmental and Rehabilitation Pediatrics

Specialties: Acquired Brain Injury, Back and Neck Problems in Athletes, Back Pain in Athletes, Brain Injury in Neonates, Cerebral Palsy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT), Complex Pediatric Developmental/learning Disorders more

Treats: Children & Adolescents Only

Surgeon: No

Education: University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine



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Information & Appointments

Call: 216.448.6179
Hours: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. weekdays


  • Hospital for Rehabilitation Campus
  • Fairview Hospital
  • Hillcrest Hospital
  • Therapy Service (Outpatient locations):
    • Beachwood
    • Middleburgh Heights
    • Westlake