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Diseases & Conditions

Cleveland Clinic Respiratory Institute pulmonologists, allergists/immunologists and critical care specialists diagnose and treat the following lung, allergy and breathing conditions in addition to disorders of the pleura and mediastinum, breathing-related sleep disorders and critical care illnesses.

Allergies and Immune System Diseases

Allergic conditions, such as asthma and rhinitis (hay fever), may affect your breathing abilities, while some may cause allergic skin reactions, such as urticaria (hives), atopic dermatitis (eczema) and contact dermatitis. Other allergic and immunologic conditions include common variable immune deficiency, anaphylaxis, adverse reactions to medications (e.g., aspirin and penicillin), food allergies and latex allergies.

General Allergy Information
Environmental Allergies
Food Allergies
Immunodeficiency Disorders
Medication Allergies
Rhinitis and Sinusitis
Urticaria and Angioedema

Asthma is a chronic disease that affects the airways (bronchial tubes) of the lungs, which carry air in and out of the lungs. Asthma causes the airways to narrow, the lining of the airways to swell, and the cells that line the airways to produce more mucus. These changes make breathing difficult and cause symptoms, such as cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, chest tightness and excess mucus production.

Breathing-related Sleep Disorders

Breathing-related sleep disorders are characterized by sleep disruption, leading to excessive sleepiness or insomnia. They often are caused by neuromuscular diseases, obstructive lung diseases or restrictive lung diseases.

Respiratory Institute sleep specialists diagnose and treat patients with the following sleep disorders that affect breathing:

Critical Care Conditions

Critical care illnesses include life-threatening conditions that affect your lungs, heart, kidneys, digestive tract and nervous system, in addition to severe infections and multiple system organ failure.

Staffing our intensive care units, our critical care specialists take care of patients with the following life-threatening disorders:

Interstitial Lung Diseases

Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) is a group of conditions that cause scarring to the lungs. ILDs include forms of pulmonary fibrosis and interstitial pneumonia as well as lung problems associated with connective tissue diseases, tobacco use, and exposure to environmental and occupational toxins.

Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonia
Pulmonary Manifestations of Connective Tissue Diseases
ILDs Related to Tobacco Use
Occupational and Environmental ILDs
Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis
Lung Infections (Respiratory Infections)

Lung infections typically are caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi. The most common type of lung infections include pneumonia, bronchitis, common cold and influenza. Our pulmonologists treat the following types of lung infections:

Bacterial Lung Infections
Fungal Lung Infections
Viral Lung Infections
Upper Respiratory Infections
Obstructive Lung Disorders

Obstructive lung diseases are conditions that involve airway obstruction, which make it difficult to exhale all the air from your lungs. Some examples include asthma, bronchiectasis, COPD and cystic fibrosis.

Obstructive Lung Diseases
Pleural and Mediastinal Disorders

Our pulmonologists and critical care specialists manage and care for patients with the following pleural and mediastinal disorders:

Pleural Disorders

The pleura are thin membranes that wrap the outside of the lungs and the inside of the chest cavity. Between the pleura is a thin space, usually filled with fluid. This fluid helps the pleura move smoothly across each other as your lungs inhale and exhale air. Pleural disorders typically are caused by abnormal amounts of air or liquid, and sometimes inflammation, in this area.

Mediastinal Disorders

The mediastinum is the middle section of the chest cavity that contains the heart and all other chest organs except the lungs.

Pulmonary Hypertension and Pulmonary Vascular Diseases

Pulmonary vascular disease includes all conditions that affect your lungs' blood circulation. The most common type of pulmonary vascular disease is pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a serious condition that causes an increased blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs.

Pulmonary Vascular Diseases
Signs and Symptoms of Respiratory Conditions

Below are some common signs and symptoms of lung and allergy-related conditions:

Smoking Hazards and Cessation
Tumors and Cancers of the Lung and Chest

Doctors in our Lung Cancer Program and Lung Nodule Clinic are experts in diagnosing and treating all types of lung and chest-related tumors and cancers. Below are benign and malignant (cancerous) tumors found in the lungs and chest:

Lung Cancer
Benign Lung Tumors
Lung Nodules
Lymphoid Tumors
Pleural and Mediastinal Tumors
Rare Cancers of the Lungs and Chest

Reviewed: 04/11