Request an Appointment



Contact us with Questions

Expand Content

Preventive Cardiology & Rehabilitation Section

The Section of Preventive Cardiology & Rehabilitation offers services to patients with cardiovascular disease and those who have a high risk of developing it. Individualized programs are designed to reduce risk factors and prevent disease from getting worse. Our team includes specialists from many areas to offer nutritional services, prescriptive exercise programs, stress testing, cardiovascular disease risk-reduction programs and a peripheral vascular rehabilitation program.

Patients benefit from five specialized programs:

These programs help patients make lifestyle changes and determine the best medical treatment plan to:

  • Prevent cardiovascular disease/keep disease from getting worse
  • Reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke
  • Reduce the need for surgery
  • Improve your quality of life by reducing symptoms

The Cardiac Health Improvement and Rehabilitation Program was founded in 1985. The program helps promote health and wellness for patients with cardiac and vascular disease while they are in hospital, during their recovery and throughout their lives.

The Section of Preventive Cardiology & Rehabilitation helps patients who have cardiovascular disease and those who are at high risk of developing it. Our specialists carefully assess each patient’s risk factors (traditional and nontraditional) and create a treatment plan to help you meet your goals.

Your Plan

Your healthcare team will create a lifestyle plan based on your individual needs and medical conditions. The plan is designed to enhance your efforts to stay well and symptom-free. Although many people know the importance of a heart-healthy lifestyle, it can be difficult to know which changes to make to live in a heart-healthy way every day. Our specialists in nutrition, exercise, smoking cessation, stress management, anxiety and depression will design a “prescription" of treatments to meet your specific needs. Part of your plan will also include a customized exercise program, nutrition plan and recipes.

If needed, you will also receive prescriptions for medications, including those to help lower cholesterol. Our specialists are familiar with the latest and most effective drugs to lower cholesterol. They can also treat patients with complicated medical conditions and hyperlipidemia that has not responded to statins.

Tests and Procedures

The Section of Preventive Cardiology & Rehabilitation uses advanced technology to understand your condition and determine the best treatment possible. For example, testing for biochemical and genetic markers to identify the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Some other advanced testing we do includes the study of novel markers for coronary artery disease, such as homocysteine, ultra-sensitive CRP, lipoprotein(a), fibrinogen, PLAC2 and myeloperoxidase (MPO). If you have these risk factors, we will use the latest treatments to prevent heart disease or keep it from getting worse.

To learn more, follow these links:

Helpful Links

Why choose Cleveland Clinic for your care?

Our outcomes speak for themselves. Please review our facts and figures and if you have any questions don’t hesitate to ask.

The Section of Preventive Cardiology & Rehabilitation tracks outcomes on numerous cardiovascular risk factors, including emerging nontraditional cardiac risk factors. The Cardiac Rehabilitation Program reports outcomes related to quality of life, functional capacity, blood pressure and compliance.


Section Heads

Dr. Griffin

Stanley Hazen, MD, PhD
Section Head, Preventive Cardiology & Rehabilitation
Vice Chair, Translational Research, Lerner Research Institute
Director, Center for Cardiovascular Diagnostics & Prevention
Director, Cleveland Clinic Mass Spectrometry Core Facilities
Staff Physician, Department of Cell Biology and the Robert and Suzanne Tomsich Department of Cardiovascular Medicine at Cleveland Clinic

Dr. Cho

Leslie Cho, MD
Section Head, Preventive Cardiology & Rehabilitation
Director, Cleveland Clinic’s Women’s Cardiovascular Center

Main Campus Physicians: Cleveland, OHOther Locations

Doctor's Last Name

Search Filters


Additional Languages

Institute or Department

Type of Doctor

For Children & Adolescents For Adults

Gender of Doctor

Male Female No Preference

Results: 7 Doctors


Results per page:

Gordon Blackburn, PhD

Gordon Blackburn, PhD

Blackburn, Gordon, PhD

Location(s): Cleveland Clinic Main Campus

Department: Cardiovascular Medicine

Specialties: Cardiovascular Risk Prevention, Cardiac Rehabilitation, Clinical Trials, Exercise and Cardiovascular Disease, Exercise Physiology, Preventive Cardiology, Stress Testing more

Treats: Both Adults and Children & Adolescents

Surgeon: No

Education: Pennsylvania State University

Leslie Cho, MD

Leslie Cho, MD

Cho, Leslie, MD

Location(s): Cleveland Clinic Main Campus

Department: Cardiovascular Medicine

Specialties: Angina, Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Prevention, Coronary Artery Disease, High Cholesterol, Hypertension - High Blood Pressure, Metabolic Syndrome more

Treats: Adults Only

Surgeon: No

Education: University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine

Jason Confino, MD

Jason Confino, MD

Confino, Jason, MD

Location(s): Chagrin Falls Family Health Center, Twinsburg Family Health & Surgery Center

Department: Cardiovascular Medicine

Specialties: Abnormal Heart Rhythms, Abnormal Rhythm Ablation, Angina, Atherosclerosis (vascular), Atrial Fibrillation, Bradyarrhythmias, Cardiovascular Disease more

Treats: Adults Only

Surgeon: No

Education: SUNY Upstate Medical University

David Frid, MD

David Frid, MD

Frid, David, MD

Location(s): Cleveland Clinic Main Campus

Department: Cardiovascular Medicine

Specialties: Angina, Atherosclerosis (vascular), Cardiac Problems in Athletes, Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Prevention, Coronary Artery Disease, Heart Attack more

Treats: Adults Only

Surgeon: No

Education: University of Maryland Medical Center

Stanley Hazen, MD, PhD

Stanley Hazen, MD, PhD

Hazen, Stanley, MD, PhD

Location(s): Cleveland Clinic Main Campus

Department: Cardiovascular Medicine

Specialties: Atherosclerosis (vascular), Cardiovascular Disease, Cardiovascular Risk Prevention, Coronary Artery Disease, Heart Disease, High Cholesterol, C-Reactive Protein Testing more

Treats: Adults Only

Surgeon: No

Education: Washington University School of Medicine



Contact Information

Biographical Sketch

Professional Highlights

Education & Fellowships


Specialty Interests

Awards & Honors

Additional Training

Innovations & Patents


Treatments & Services

Diseases & Conditions

Industry Relationships

Languages Spoken

Request an Appointment Email Profile Profile Page

( † Disclaimer: This search is powered by PubMed, a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine. PubMed is a third-party website with no affiliation with Cleveland Clinic.)

Email a Friend
Fields marked with an asterisk(*) are required.

What to Expect

Whether you are coming from around the corner or around the world, you want to know what to expect before, during and after your visit with us. If you have any questions while reviewing this information, please contact us. We are happy to answer any questions you may have.

Appointment Information

By Phone

For more information on any of the mentioned services, please contact the Preventive Cardiology & Rehabilitation Office:
Locally 216.444.9353 or toll-free 800.223.2273, ext. 49353


Go to Desk JB - 1, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio.


Use our secure online form to submit an appointment request 24/7. We will receive it and follow-up with you as soon as possible.

Physician Referrals

Mon. - Fri., 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. (ET):
toll-free 877.843.2781 (877-8Heart1)

At all other times call Patient Access Services locally 216.444.8302 or toll-free 800.553.5056.

For Patients

Cleveland Clinic Heart and Vascular Institute physicians, surgeons, and researchers continue to research into new treatments and therapies with the goal of improving patient care and outcomes into the future.

The Section of Preventive Cardiology and Rehabilitation offers a variety of programs and clinics to meet the specific needs of our patients. We offer preventive care, cardiac rehabilitation, nutrition counseling and preventive cardiology care for children and teens. Simply click on the (+) sign next to the program name to learn more!

Preventive Cardiology Program
Who should participate in a Preventive Cardiology Program?

Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer of men and women in the United States. If you want to lower your risk for cardiovascular disease, or more importantly, if you have risk factors or have already been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease, this program is for you. Even if you already have cardiovascular disease, you can slow its progression by managing your risk factors.

What types of patients are seen in the Preventive Cardiology Clinic?

Patients in the Preventive Cardiology Clinic can be categorized as receiving primary or secondary prevention.

  • Primary prevention is aimed at the prevention of heart and blood vessel disease before an event such as a heart attack or stroke, or the need for cardiovascular surgery occurs.
  • Secondary prevention targets individuals after they have experienced an event such as heart or vascular surgery, angioplasty or heart attack, to prevent further progression of cardiovascular disease.
Who is the clinical team?

The Preventive Cardiology Program brings together the multi-specialty expertise of physicians, nurse practitioners, nurses and other health care professionals from several departments, including:

  • The Tomsich Family Department of Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Hypertension
  • Internal Medicine
  • Exercise Physiology
  • Psychology
  • Nutrition Therapy

In bringing these diverse areas together under one program, patients benefit from this comprehensive, multi-specialty expertise and application of the most current, research-based preventive therapies.

Preventive Cardiology & Cardiac Rehabilitation Medical Staff

Nurse Practitioners: Advanced Practice Nurses

Cardiac Rehabilitation Exercise

How do I enter the program?

Your doctor can arrange for you to be seen in the Preventive Cardiology Program or you may contact us directly to schedule an appointment at 216.444.9353 or toll free 800.223.2273, ext. 49353. Once your appointment is made, you will receive information and instructions to prepare you for your first visit.

What role does my primary physician have?

The Preventive Cardiology specialists will work closely with you and your family physician or cardiologist to design a program which fits with your overall health profile. They will track your progress and report this information to you and your doctor with each visit.

What are the program goals?

The team works with each patient individually, using research-based interventions and a variety of treatment methods to decrease risk factors for cardiovascular disease progression and improve quality of life. Your goals will be individualized to your needs and lifestyle.

Patients begin with a complete risk assessment and lab work including biochemical and genetic markers, followed by a long term plan for reducing risk. Nutritional counseling, exercise instruction, advice about lifestyle and behaviors, smoking cessation, medical management of risk factors, psychological counseling and referral to physicians or other health professionals as needed may all be a part of this plan.

What happens during my first visit?

You will receive a thorough risk factor assessment including family history of cardiovascular diseases, assessment of lifestyle health behaviors, review of your cardiovascular and other medical history, lab work including diabetes and cholesterol screening and a focused cardiovascular physical. We also screen for new and emerging risk factors for heart disease, such as homocysteine, fibrinogen, lipoprotein(a) and C-reactive protein. Review common risk factors for heart disease.

What happens next?

The data obtained from your comprehensive evaluation is reviewed by members of our multidisciplinary team, and an individualized treatment plan is created that includes specific goals to be followed over time. Your information is entered into a computerized database, and you will be provided with a sheet to track your information. This database will make it easy for you and your healthcare providers to follow your progress, comparing trends over time. The database also allows for analyses of outcomes to help us evaluate how well we are meeting the goals of our patients. A copy of these records can automatically be sent to your referring physician and any other physicians you would like to be kept informed of your care.

How often will I have follow-up appointments?

Most patients have a follow-up appointment every 3 months, but they may be more or less frequent depending on their individual needs and plan of care. Regular follow-up visits are important to ensure progress toward goal achievement. If you have questions in between visits, you may contact your Preventive Cardiology team.

What makes Cleveland Clinic’s Preventive Cardiology Program unique?

The program has been designed to provide:

  • Individualized treatment plans
  • Cutting-edge risk evaluation, including the latest new and emerging risk factors
  • Computerized data collection and outcome analyses
  • Multidisciplinary treatment strategies
  • Nutritional counseling based on individual lab test results and patient needs, and may include electronic evaluations of daily food intake
  • Behavioral analysis
  • Group and individual educational programs

Cardiac Rehabilitation Program
What is Cardiac Rehabilitation?

Cardiac rehabilitation (rehab) is a program designed to help improve your overall health by identifying and reducing the risk factors that lead to cardiovascular disease.

The program promotes optimal life-style changes and medical management to:

  • Prevent the occurrence and/or progression of cardiovascular disease
  • Reduce your risk of a heart attack or stroke
  • Reduce the need for future surgery
  • Enhance your quality of life by reducing symptoms
How will cardiac rehab help?

As a participant in the Cardiac Rehab Program, you will work with an exercise physiologist or registered nurse who will help you meet your personal goals.

The goals of cardiac rehab are to:

  • Increase your understanding about your condition and treatment
  • Help you make the right lifestyle changes to decrease your risk of a heart attack or stroke and reduce the need for future surgery
  • Increase your ability to perform your job and your daily or recreational activities
  • Provide you and your family with the support and motivation you need to make important lifestyle changes
Our multidisciplinary team will help you reach your goals:

Preventive Cardiology & Cardiac Rehabilitation Medical Staff

Nurse Practitioners: Advanced Practice Nurses

Cardiac Rehabilitation Exercise

Cardiac Rehab
Who can benefit from cardiac rehab?

Cardiac Rehab Programs benefit patients who have:

  • Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery
  • Interventional procedures such as balloon angioplasty, PTCA, atherectomy, rotoblation or stent placement
  • Angina
  • Heart attack (myocardial infarction)
  • Heart failure
  • Hemodynamic disorders, such as syncope
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Other heart or vascular disorders
  • Valve repair or replacement
  • Aortic aneurysm repair or replacement
  • Heart transplant
How do I get started in the Cardiac Rehab Program?
  • Phase I Cardiac Rehab: During your hospital stay, a cardiac rehab specialist will direct your early activities. You will receive information about the recovery process and learn how to reduce your future risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Phase II Cardiac Rehab: Soon after you are discharged from the hospital, you can enter the outpatient Phase II Cardiac Rehab Program. Once your doctor has provided a referral, the rehab team can help you get started in the program.

    Your first visit will include an exercise evaluation for safety, a discussion about exercise guidelines, a review of your medical history and an evaluation of your cardiovascular disease risk factors.
What does the program include?
  • We will develop a plan with you and your family that includes strategies to help you make lifestyle changes and decrease your risks. The program will be tailored to your personal needs, abilities and interests.
  • Patient and family education classes are provided every week along with individual education to help you achieve your personal goals. Detailed nutrition counseling is also available with our registered dietitian.
  • The program will support the ongoing care provided by your referring doctor.
  • We will track your progress throughout your participation in the program and report this information to you and your referring doctor.
Where will I go to participate in the program?

Cardiac rehab activity classes are offered at Cleveland Clinic.

All sessions are medically supervised and directed by nationally certified rehabilitation specialists and nurses. State-of-the-art monitoring equipment and a variety of exercise equipment are available for your safety and convenience.

Ongoing Management
Preventive Cardiology Clinic

In addition to the Cardiac Rehab Program, you may participate in the Preventive Cardiology Clinic. This multispecialty clinic includes physicians, nurse practitioners, nurses and other healthcare professionals from several departments, including cardiovascular medicine, endocrinology, hypertension, internal medicine, exercise physiology, psychology and nutrition therapy who are experts in the prevention of cardiovascular disease.

The specialists in the Preventive Cardiology Clinic assess your risk of cardiovascular disease and create a plan to manage traditional and emerging risk factors. The team works with each patient individually, using research-based interventions and a variety of treatment methods.

Does insurance cover cardiac rehab?

Outpatient cardiac rehab is covered by most insurance companies. We can help you contact your insurance company to ask about your coverage options before you start the Phase II Cardiac Rehab Program. Or you may call the financial counselor at 216.444.9353 or 800.223.2273 ext. 49353

Why attend the Cardiac Rehab Program?

Preventive Cardiology Nutrition Program

The Sydell and Arnold Miller Family Heart & Vascular Institute Preventive Cardiology Nutrition Program is based on scientific research and national recommendations. We believe that diet and lifestyle management is at the foundation of heart disease risk reduction. Our nutritional guidelines are based on extensive epidemiological and clinical research involving diet patterns associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease.

These dietary recommendations include those established by the American Heart Association and National Cholesterol Education Program, yet are broadened to include and emphasize cardioprotective, health-enhancing foods such as unrefined grains, fruits, vegetables and legumes. These dietary patterns have been linked to a reduction in coronary disease risk as well as other debilitating conditions such as cancer, obesity, diabetes and hypertension.

Nutrition recommendations in the Preventive Cardiology Nutrition Program are unique to an individual’s health needs, lifestyle and goals. Incorporating a variety of cardioprotective, plant-based foods set the stage for prevention. We believe prevention of heart disease can be achieved when the following life strategies are emphasized:

  • Achieving or maintaining a healthy body weight.
  • Minimizing refined starches and simple sugars and emphasizing fiber-rich foods to achieve weight goals and reduce cardiovascular risk factors.
  • Minimizing saturated and trans fat and optimizing unsaturated fat food sources, with a special emphasis on omega-3 fatty acid food sources.
  • Choosing a variety of plant-protein foods and de-emphasizing protein from animal sources.
  • Enhancing the whole foods concept to reap the cardioprotective benefits from legumes, unrefined grains, fruits and vegetables.
  • Engaging in a regular physical activity regimen.

The Preventive Cardiology Nutrition Program offers a wide-array of resources to help our patients enhance their overall health and maximize their reduction of heart disease.

Nutrition services include:

To a great degree, health is a product of the choices we make every day about what we eat, how much we exercise, and how knowledgeable we are about our own risks for disease. Our energy level, ability to concentrate and manage our weight, blood sugar and cholesterol – these are but just a few of the many conditions that can be favorably influenced when we provide our bodies with the right mix of nutrients, in the right amounts.

Preventive Cardiology Nutrition Team
  • Julia Renee Zumpano RD, LD - Nutrition Counseling
  • Katherine Patton, MEd, RD, CSSD, LD - Nutrition Counseling

For more information on any of the above services, call the Preventive Cardiology & Rehabilitation Office locally at 216.444-9353 or toll free 800.223.2273, ext. 49353 or Contact Us.

Reviewed: 01/15

Talk to a Nurse: Mon. - Fri., 8:30 a.m. - 4 p.m. (ET)

Call a Heart & Vascular Nurse locally 216.445.9288 or toll-free 866.289.6911.

Schedule an Appointment

Toll-free 800.659.7822

This information is provided by Cleveland Clinic and is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor or health care provider. Please consult your health care provider for advice about a specific medical condition.

© Copyright 2015 Cleveland Clinic. All rights reserved.

HealthHub from Cleveland Clinic

Read the Latest from Our Experts About » cctopics » Heart & Vascular Health
Pneumonia May Raise Heart Disease Risk as Much as Smoking
1/29/15 7:00 a.m.
Pneumonia may be as big a risk factor for heart disease as smoking or diabetes, especially in adults older than 65 who are hospitalized, a new study says. Researchers at th...
by Heart & Vascular Team
Why Statins May Offer Treatment Benefits for Your Aortic Aneurysm
1/28/15 8:04 a.m.
If you have coronary artery disease or peripheral vascular disease, using statins is clearly a benefit to your ...
15 Heart-Healthy Foods to Work into Your Diet
1/27/15 1:30 p.m.
A healthy diet can be good for your heart as well as your waistline. “You can definitely reduce your risk of de...
If You Have Diabetes and Coronary Blockages, Watch This (Video)
1/26/15 8:32 a.m.
If you have diabetes and need treatment for chronic static angina — the kind that causes chest pain from ...
How Many Eggs Can You Eat to Stay Heart-Healthy?
1/23/15 8:00 a.m.
Breakfast is one meal you shouldn’t skip. But a lot of us aren’t sure whether we should eat eggs because ...