With how much we rely on our hands, there’s no wonder hand and wrist pain can be so disabling and frustrating. When this pain interferes with typing on your computer, spending time on your hobbies or even getting yourself ready in the morning, it’s time to seek medical advice.
Your hand is made up of 27 bones, including eight in the wrist (called carpals), five in the palm (called metacarpals) and 14 (called phalanges) that make up your fingers and thumb. The bones are held together by ligaments and two main sets of muscles and tendons: flexors (used to bend the thumb and fingers) that connect to the underside of the forearm, and extensors (used to straighten them out) and connect to the top of the forearm.
Elbow pain is extremely common – whether due to aging, overuse, trauma or a sports injury. When elbow pain interferes with carrying the groceries, participating in your favorite activities or getting a good night’s sleep, it’s time to seek medical advice.
Your elbow is a hinge joint between the radius and ulna of the forearm, and the humerus of the upper arm. The bones are held together by ligaments. The primary ligaments of the elbow are the medial collateral ligament (MCL) on the inside of the elbow and the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) on the outside. Several muscles surrounding the joint are responsible for movement. The tendons attach the muscle to the bone, the cartilage covers and protects the ends of the bones, and bursa sacs provide lubrication and protection around the joint.
The "exercise revolution" has resulted in higher levels of activity in people of all ages. As a result, shoulder pain and shoulder problems have become more and more common.
Currently, injuries and concerns related to the shoulder account for nearly 20% of the visits to the doctor’s office. Rotator cuff tears, arthritis, fractures, bursitis, and shoulder instability, including acute dislocations, are among the most common conditions that bring patients to us for help.
Cleveland Clinic's Upper Extremity Center includes a group of fellowship-trained physicians who diagnose and treat the full spectrum of shoulder-related problems. Most shoulder problems do not require surgery, and are best treated with a directed exercise program, often with the help of anti-inflammatory medications.
However, when necessary, our specialists are highly skilled in the latest techniques of arthroscopic surgery, laser surgery, and total shoulder joint replacement. Because we have long served as a referral center for complex shoulder problems, our surgeons treat more total shoulder joint replacements than nearly any other medical institution in the country.