New York Times Bestselling Author; Physician and Professor of Medicine and Engineering, University of Southern California
David Agus is one of the world’s leading doctors and pioneering biomedical researchers. Over the past twenty years, he has received acclaim for his innovations in medicine and contributions to new technologies, which continue to change the perception of health and empower people around the world to maintain healthy lives. Dr. Agus is professor of medicine and engineering at the University of Southern California, where he leads USC’s Westside Cancer Center and Center for Applied Molecular Medicine. He serves as a CBS News contributor. An international leader in new technologies and approaches for personalized healthcare, he cofounded two revolutionary companies: Navigenics and Applied Proteomics. Dr. Agus’ first book, The End of Illness, was published in 2012 and is a New York Times #1 and international bestseller, and subject of a PBS special. His second book, New York Times bestselling A Short Guide to a Long Life, was published January 2014, and his newest book The Lucky Years: How to thrive in the brave new world of health, also a New York Times bestseller was published January 5, 2016.
Director of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's John H. Glenn Research Center
Jim Free serves as Director of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's John H. Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio. He is responsible for planning,
organizing and directing the activities required in accomplishing the missions assigned to the Center. NASA Glenn is engaged in research, technology and systems development programs in space
propulsion, space power, space communications, aeronautical propulsion, microgravity sciences and materials.
Free has served in a number of other leadership positions including Deputy Director and Director of Space Flight Systems, responsible for overseeing the management of Glenn's significant
activities in the Agency's Constellation, Space Shuttle, International Space Station, Space Communications, Human Research and Science Programs.
A native of Northeast Ohio, Free began his NASA career in 1990 at Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland as a propulsion engineer and later as a systems engineer on several
spacecraft. He earned his bachelor's degree in aeronautics from Miami University in Oxford, Ohio and his master's degree in space systems engineering from Delft University, the Netherlands.
Author and former moderator of Meet the Press
David Gregory’s career in journalism began when he was 18. Over the last 25 years,his work has taken him across the country and around the world. David is the former moderator of Meet the Press at NBC News, the capstone to a long career at NBC. As a correspondent, David covered the trials of OJ Simpson and Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh as well as other breaking news around the country. He previously served as Chief White House Correspondent for NBC News, where he was hailed by Washingtonian magazine as a “firebrand in the front row.”
David is the author of the book How’s Your Faith?, an examination of his own faith journey and those of others, including former President George W. Bush, who asked David the question that became the title of the book. This is his first book.
David is an avid sports fan, who above all loves baseball, and still doesn’t understand why his childhood Dodgers hero Steve Garvey is not in the Hall of Fame.
President & CEO, Yahoo
Marissa Mayer is President & CEO of Yahoo. Since July 2012, Marissa has led Yahoo¹s focus on making the world's daily habits more inspiring and entertaining.
Prior to Yahoo, Marissa was at Google for 13 years and held numerous positions including engineer, designer, product manager, and executive. She played an instrumental role in Google Search, leading the product management effort for more than a decade during which the product grew to over a billion searches per day. Marissa led the development of some of Google's most successful services including image, book and product search, Google Maps, Street View, Google Local and Zagat, Google Toolbar and iGoogle, and she defined such pivotal products as Google News, Gmail and Chrome. She holds a dozen patents across the areas of artificial intelligence and interface design.
Marissa graduated with honors from Stanford University with a B.S. in Symbolic Systems and a M.S. in Computer Science. For both degrees, she specialized in artificial intelligence. As she completed her graduate degree at Stanford, Marissa worked at various research laboratories including UBS in Zurich, Switzerland, and SRI International in Menlo Park, California. Also during her graduate work, Marissa taught computer programming to more than 3000 students, earning numerous distinctions such as the Centennial Teaching and Forsythe Awards for her contributions to undergraduate education. Marissa has also been recognized as a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum, ³Woman of the Year² by Glamour magazine, a recipient of the Whitney American Art Award, and the youngest woman to be named to Fortune¹s list of the 50 Most Powerful Women in Business.
Marissa serves on the board of directors for Walmart and has since 2012. She is also active in her community and serves on the boards of the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and the San Francisco Ballet.
Admiral Michael Rogers
Commander, U.S. Cyber Command and Director, National Security Agency/Chief, Central Security Service
Adm. Rogers is Commander, U.S. Cyber Command and Director, National Security Agency/Chief, Central Security Service assuming these duties in April 2014. Rogers has also served as the director for Intelligence for both the Joint Chiefs of Staff and U.S. Pacific Command, and most recently as Commander, U.S. Fleet Cyber Command/U.S. TENTH Fleet. Rogers' joint service both afloat and ashore has been extensive and, prior to becoming a flag officer, he served at U.S. Atlantic Command, CJTF 120 Operation Support Democracy (Haiti), Joint Force Maritime Component Commander, Europe, and the Joint Staff. His Joint Staff duties (2003-2007) included leadership of the J3 Computer Network Attack/Defense and IO Operations shops, EA to the J3, EA to two Directors of the Joint Staff, special assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, director of the Chairman's Action Group, and a leader of the JCS Joint Strategic Working Group.
Rogers is a distinguished graduate of the National War College and a graduate of highest distinction from the Naval War College. He is also a Massachusetts Institute of Technology Seminar XXI fellow, Harvard Senior Executive in National Security alum, and holds a Master of Science in National Security Strategy.
Candice Bergen’s film credits include The Sand Pebbles, Carnal Knowledge, Starting Over (for which she received an Oscar nomination), and Miss Congeniality. On television, she made headlines as the star of Murphy Brown, for which she won five Emmys and two Golden Globes. She later starred with James Spader and William Shatner in the critic ally acclaimed series Boston Legal. A gifted writer, Bergen has penned numerous articles and a play, as well as her first bestselling memoir, Knock Wood. Her latest book, A FINE ROMANCE, was released in April and quickly became a New York Times best-seller.
Jack and Suzy Welch
Jack Welch is the Executive Chairman of the Jack Welch Management Institute, an online MBA school with more than 1,000 students. Prior to this, for 20 years, he was Chairman and CEO of General Electric Company, which was named the world’s most valuable corporation and was consistently voted the most admired company in the world by Fortune magazine. Welch is active in private equity and consulting, working with dozens of businesses in a wide variety of industries. Along with speaking to upwards of a million people around the world, CNBC named Jack Welch one of the Top 10 “Rebels, Icons and Leaders” of the past 25 years.
Suzy Welch is a best-selling author, television commentator, and noted business journalist. The former editor of Harvard Business Review, she attended Harvard University and Harvard Business School. Her professional experience includes several years at Bain & Company, the management consulting firm, and time as a work-life columnist for ‘O: The Oprah Magazine.’ Mrs. Welch is on the advisory board of the Jack Welch Management Institute and serves on the board of several non-profit organizations. She is the author of the best-selling book, “10-10-10: A Life Transforming Idea.”
Lord Norman Foster
Norman Foster was born in Manchester. After graduating from Manchester University School of Architecture and City Planning in 1961 he won a Henry Fellowship to Yale University, where he was a fellow of Jonathan Edwards College and gained a Master’s Degree in Architecture.
Established as Foster Associates in 1967 his practice, now known as Foster + Partners, is an international studio for architecture and design with projects on six continents. Over the past five decades the practice has pioneered a sustainable approach to architecture and ecology through a strikingly wide range of work, from urban masterplans and public infrastructure, to museums, airports, civic and cultural buildings, offices and workplaces to private houses and product design.
Completed buildings include the Museum of Fine Art, Boston, the German Parliament at the Reichstag, Berlin; the Great Court of the British Museum, London; Medical Research Centres, Stanford University, California; the Supreme Court, Singapore; Petronas University, Malaysia; Hearst Headquarters Tower, New York; Hongkong and Shanghai Bank, Hong Kong; Commerzbank Towers, Frankfurt; and airports in Beijing, Hong Kong and London. The practice has also developed sustainable masterplans for cities around the world, including Duisburg’s former industrial inner harbour, Masdar City in Abu Dhabi, the West Kowloon Cultural District in Hong Kong, Trafalgar Square in London and the Port of Marseilles.
Norman Foster became the 21st Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureate in 1999 and was awarded the Praemium Imperiale Award for Architecture in Tokyo in 2002. He received the American Institute of Architects Gold Medal for Architecture (1994), the Royal Gold Medal for Architecture (1983), and the Gold Medal of the French Academy of Architecture (1991). In 2009, he became the 29th laureate of the Prince of Asturias Award for the Arts. He is a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 1990 he was granted a Knighthood in the Queen’s Birthday Honours, appointed by the Queen to the Order of Merit in 1997 and in 1999 was honoured with a Life Peerage in the Queen's Birthday Honours List, as Lord Foster of Thames Bank.
Thomas Friedman, a world-renowned author and journalist, has won the Pulitzer Prize three times for his work at The New York Times. His foreign affairs column, which appears twice a week, reports on US domestic politics and foreign policy, Middle East conflicts, international economics, environment, biodiversity and energy.
Friedman is the author of From Beirut to Jerusalem, which won both the National Book and the Overseas Press Club Awards in 1989, a revised edition was released in December 2012. The Lexus and the Olive Tree, winner of the 2000 Overseas Press Club Award for best non-fiction book on foreign policy. Longitudes and Attitudes: Exploring the World After September 11, issued in 2002, consists of columns Friedman published about September 11. The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century, issued in April 2005 and updated in 2006 and 2007, received the inaugural Goldman Sachs/Financial Times Business Book of the Year Award. In 2008 he brought out Hot, Flat, and Crowded, which was published in a revised edition a year later. His sixth book, That Used to Be Us: How American Fell Behind in the World We Invented and How We Can Come Back, co-written with Michael Mandelbaum, was released in 2011.
For his coverage of the Middle East, Mr. Friedman was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1983 and 1988 for international reporting. He was awarded the 2002 Pulitzer Prize for Distinguished Commentary for “his clarity of vision…in commenting on the worldwide impact of the terrorist threat.” In 2004, he was awarded the Overseas Press Club Award for lifetime achievement and the honorary title, Order of the British Empire (OBE), by Queen Elizabeth II.
Mr. Friedman lives in Bethesda, Maryland, with his wife, Ann.
Chief Engineer for the Solar System Exploration Directorate at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California
Gentry Lee is Chief Engineer for the Solar System Exploration Directorate at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California. In that position Mr. Lee is responsible for the engineering integrity of all the robotic planetary missions managed by JPL for NASA. His major recent work includes the engineering oversight of the fantastically successful and popular Curiosity rover mission to Mars in August 2012, the Dawn mission to the asteroids Vesta and Ceres, the Juno mission to Jupiter, and the GRAIL missions to the Moon. Previously, Mr. Lee provided oversight for the Phoenix and twin MER rover missions to Mars, as well as the Deep Impact and Stardust missions.
Mr. Lee was Chief Engineer for the Galileo project from 1977-1988 and, after working in a variety of positions on the Viking project from 1968-76, was Director of Science Analysis and Mission Planning during the Viking operations. The historic Viking mission was mankind’s first successful surface mission on another planet. The Galileo mission explored Jupiter with both an atmospheric probe and an orbiter that mapped the major Jovian satellites during a decade of operations.
In addition to his engineering work, Gentry Lee has been an active novelist, television producer, computer game designer, media columnist, lecturer, and a television performer/narrator. Between 1989 and 1994 Mr. Lee co-authored four novels, CRADLE, RAMA II, THE GARDEN OF RAMA, and RAMA REVEALED, with revered science fiction grandmaster Arthur C. Clarke. All four books were New York Times bestsellers and were translated into over twenty-five languages. Since his collaboration with Mr. Clarke, Gentry Lee has written three more successful solo novels, BRIGHT MESSENGERS, DOUBLE FULL MOON NIGHT, and THE TRANQUILITY WARS.
Eric Schmidt and Jonathan Rosenberg
Eric Schmidt served as Google’s CEO from 2001 to 2011. During that time he shepherded the company’s growth from a Silicon Valley start-up to a global technology leader that today has over $55 billion in annual revenues and offices in more than 40 countries. Eric is now Google’s executive chairman.
Jonathan Rosenberg joined Google in 2002 and managed the design and development of the company’s consumer, advertiser, and partner products, including Search, Ads, Gmail, Android, Apps, and Chrome. He is currently an advisor to Google CEO Larry Page.
CEO and Wallis Annenberg Director
As the CEO and Wallis Annenberg Director of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA) since 2006, Michael Govan is leading one of the most dramatic art museum transformations in the United States. Since 2008, LACMA opened the Broad Contemporary Art Museum and the Resnick Pavilion, doubling exhibition space and visitor attendance. LACMA also commissioned iconic artworks including Urban Light by Chris Burden and Levitated Mass by Michael Heizer. In 2013, LACMA revealed a new plan for its east campus as envisioned by Pritzker Prize–winning architect, Peter Zumthor. From 1994 to 2005, Govan was President and Director of the Dia Art Foundation in New York, where he spearheaded the creation of Dia:Beacon. From 1988 to 1994 he served as Deputy Director of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum leading new museum projects in New York, Venice, and Bilbao. Prior to that Govan helped found MASS MoCA while at Williams College, where he studied art history and fine art.
Co-founder and CEO - Udacity
Co-founder and CEO of Udacity, Sebastian is a Research Professor at Stanford University and a Google Fellow, as well as the inventor of the autonomous car and project lead on Google Glass. Sebastian has been named the 5th Most Creative Person in Business (Fast Company), among the 50 Smartest People in Tech (Fortune), and highlighted in 50 Best Inventions of 2010 (Time). Sebastian has set his sights on democratizing higher education.
Dr. Donald Berwick
Former Administrator, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and Founding CEO, Institute for Healthcare Improvement
Quality healthcare for every American is more possible now than ever.
Don Berwick is the United States’ leading advocate for high-quality healthcare. In December, he stepped down as the Administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. For 22 years prior to that, he was the founding CEO of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, a nonprofit dedicated to improving healthcare around the world. A pediatrician by background, he has also served on the faculties of the Harvard Medical School and the Harvard School of Public Health.
President and CEO, The Nature Conservancy
Mark Tercek is president and CEO of The Nature Conservancy, the global conservation organization known for its intense focus on collaboration and getting things done for the benefit of people and nature. He is the author of the Washington Post and Publisher’s Weekly bestselling book Nature’s Fortune: How Business and Society Thrive by Investing in Nature.
Growing up as a city kid in Cleveland, Mark was a late-bloomer to conservation. It was becoming a parent that sparked his passion for nature. “I want to be able to look my kids in the eye,” he says, “and tell them I did all I could to leave the world a better place.”
A former Managing Director and Partner for Goldman Sachs, where he spent 24 years, Mark brings deep business experience to his role leading the Conservancy, which he joined in 2008. He is a champion of the idea of natural capital — valuing nature for its own sake as well as for the services it provides for people, such as clean air and water, productive soils and a stable climate.
During his time at Goldman Sachs, Mark managed several of the firm’s key units, including Corporate Finance, Equity Capital Markets and Pine Street, the firm’s leadership development program. In 2005, after two decades as an investment banker, Mark was tapped to develop the firm’s environmental strategy and to lead its Environmental Markets Group.
Inspired by the opportunity to help businesses, governments and environmental organizations work together in new, innovative ways, Mark left Goldman Sachs in 2008 to head up The Nature Conservancy.
In 2012, Mark appointed by New York Governor Andrew Cuomo to serve on the New York State 2100 Commission, which was created in the wake of Superstorm Sandy to advise the governor and the state on how to make the state’s infrastructure more resilient to future storms. Mark is also a member of several boards and councils, including Resources for the Future and the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Mark earned an M.B.A. from Harvard in 1984 and a B.A. from Williams College in 1979.
Chair, President and Editor-in-Chief, Huffington Post Media Group
Arianna Huffington is the chair, president, and editor-in-chief of the Huffington Post Media Group, a nationally syndicated columnist, and author of thirteen books.
In May 2005, she launched The Huffington Post, a news and blog site that quickly became one of the most widely-read, linked to, and frequently-cited media brands on the Internet. In 2012, the site won a Pulitzer Prize for national reporting.
In 2013, she was named to the Forbes Most Powerful Women list. In 2006, and again in 2011, she was named to the Time 100, Time Magazine's list of the world’s 100 most influential people.
Originally from Greece, she moved to England when she was 16 and graduated from Cambridge University with an M.A. in economics. At 21, she became president of the famed debating society, the Cambridge Union.
She serves on several boards, including EL PAÍS, PRISA, the Center for Public Integrity, and the Committee to Protect Journalists.
Author and Middle East Expert
Karim Sadjadpour is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment. He joined Carnegie after four years as the chief Iran analyst at the International Crisis Group based in Washington and Tehran, where he conducted dozens of interviews with senior Iranian officials, and hundreds with Iranian intellectuals, clerics, dissidents, paramilitaries, businessmen, students, activists, and youth, among others.
He is a regular contributor to BBC TV and radio, CNN, National Public Radio, PBS NewsHour, and Al-Jazeera, and has appeared on the Today Show, Charlie Rose, Fox News Sunday, and the Colbert Report, among others. He contributes regularly to publications such as the Economist, Washington Post, New York Times, International Herald Tribune, and Foreign Policy.
Frequently called upon to brief U.S., EU, and Asian officials about Middle Eastern affairs, he regularly testifies before Congress, has lectured at Harvard, Princeton, and Stanford Universities, and has been the recipient of numerous academic awards, including a Fulbright scholarship.
In 2007 Sadjadpour was named a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum in Davos. He is a board member of the Banu Foundation, an organization dedicated to assisting grassroots organizations that are empowering women worldwide.
He has lived in Latin America, Europe, and the Middle East.
Author and Authority on Energy, International Politics and Economics
Daniel Yergin is a highly respected authority on energy, international politics, and economics. In selecting him recently as one of the “hundred people who mattered” worldwide, Time Magazine said, “If there is one man whose opinion matters more than any other on global energy markets, it’s Daniel Yergin.”
A Pulitzer Prize winner, Dr. Yergin is the author of the new bestseller The Quest: Energy, Security, and the Remaking of the Modern World.
The Quest has been called “a masterly piece of work” by The Economist The New York Times said it is “necessary reading for C.E.O.’s, conservationists, lawmakers, generals, spies, tech geeks, thriller writers,” among many others. Bill Gates summed up his review saying, “This is a fantastic book.”
Dr. Yergin is known around the world for his book The Prize: the Epic Quest for Oil Money and Power, which was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. It became a number one New York Times best seller and has been translated into 17 languages.
Dr. Yergin is also a business leader as Vice Chairman of IHS, a leading information company, and founder of IHS Cambridge Energy Research Associates, one of the leading energy advisory firms in the world.
Dr. Yergin serves on the U.S. Secretary of Energy Advisory Board and chaired the US Department of Energy’s Task Force on Strategic Energy Research and Development.
Creator, co-founder, and Executive Chairman of Twitter, Inc. and the co-founder and CEO of Square, Inc.
Jack Dorsey is the creator, co-founder, and Executive Chairman of Twitter, Inc. and the co-founder and CEO of Square, Inc. Originally from St. Louis, Jack's early fascination with mass-transit and how cities function led him to Manhattan and programming real-time messaging systems for couriers, taxis, and emergency vehicles. Through this work, Jack witnessed thousands of workers in the field constantly updating where they were and what they were doing; Twitter is a constrained simplification designed for general usage and extended by the millions of people who make it their own every day. As part of Jack's continued devotion to simplifying the complex and making technology accessible to everyone, everywhere, Jack co-founded Square in 2009. Square enables anyone to accept credit card payments on their mobile device and has empowered millions of individuals and merchants to start and grow a business. Jack was recognized as one of Time Magazine's 100 most influential people and was named an "outstanding innovator under the age of 35" by MIT's Technology Review
Diane von Furstenberg
Diane von Furstenberg first entered the fashion world in 1972 with a suitcase full of jersey dresses. Two years later, she created the wrap dress, which came to symbolize power and independence for an entire generation of women. By 1976, she had sold over a million of the dresses and was featured on the cover of Newsweek. In 1997, after a hiatus from fashion, Diane re-launched the iconic dress that started it all, reestablishing her company as the global luxury lifestyle brand that it is today. DVF now offers four complete collections a year with an extensive range of accessories including shoes, handbags, scarves, eyewear, fine jewelry, luggage, fragrance and home. DVF is sold in over 70 countries and 79 shops worldwide.
In 2005, Diane received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Council of Fashion Designers of America (CFDA) for her impact on fashion, and one year later was elected the CFDA’s president, an office she continues to hold. In this significant role, she has dedicated herself to fostering emerging talent and helping to establish the Design Piracy Prohibition Act, which protects designers from counterfeit reproductions of their work.
Diane’s commitment to empowering women is expressed not only through fashion but also philanthropy and mentorship. She sits on the board of Vital Voices, a non-governmental organization that supports female leaders and entrepreneurs around the world. In 2010, with the Diller-von Furstenberg Family Foundation, Diane established the DVF Awards to honor and provide grants to women who have displayed leadership, strength and courage in their commitment to their causes.
As a longtime resident of New York’s Meatpacking District, Diane is a vocal member of the local community and was actively involved in the campaign to save the historic High Line railway.
In 2012, Diane was named the most powerful woman in fashion by Forbes Magazine, coming in at #33 on their list of The World’s 100 Most Powerful Women.
Diane is married to Barry Diller. She has two children, Alexander and Tatiana, and four grandchildren. With all of her successes, Diane happily maintains, “Children are my greatest creation.”
Russian Journalist and Author
Vladimir Pozner is a well-known Russian journalist and author. He was born in 1934, in Paris, France. His family moved to New York City in 1940 where he lived until late 1948 when his family moved to the Soviet-occupied zone of Berlin. In 1952, the family moved to Moscow. In 1961, Pozner joined Novosty Press Agency as a senior editor, later becoming executive editor of Soviet Life magazine and then Sputnik magazine. In 1970, Pozner joined the USSR State Committee for TV & Radio as a commentator on the North American Service of Radio Moscow. During that period Pozner began to appear on US, French and Japanese television networks. In 1985-1986 Pozner co-hosted two "space bridges" with Phil Donahue. In 1990, The Atlantic Monthly Press published Pozner's book, “Parting With Illusions”, which became a national bestseller and was on The New York Times list for 12 weeks. From 1991-1996, along with Phil Donahue, Mr. Pozner co-hosted “Pozner & Donahue” on CNBC from New York City. Mr. Pozner was the president of the Academy of Russian Television and is the dean of The Pozner School of Television Journalism. He is a recipient of three EMMY awards.
John T. Chambers
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer | Cisco
John Chambers is chairman and CEO of Cisco. He has helped grow the company’s annual revenues from $70 million when he joined in 1991, to $1.2 billion when he assumed the role of CEO, to its current annual revenue of over $40 billion. Mr. Chambers has received numerous awards for his leadership, including Time magazine’s “100 Most Influential People” and Barron’s “World’s Best CEOs.” During his tenure as CEO, Cisco has been named to Fortune’s “America’s Most Admired Company” list since 1999 ranking number one in the Network Communications category eight times and is one of the top 10 places to work in numerous countries around the world. Mr. Chambers takes an active role in corporate social responsibility initiatives worldwide, and was awarded both the first-ever Clinton Global Citizen Award and the U.S. State Department’s top corporate social responsibility award on behalf of Cisco. Prior to joining Cisco, Chambers spent eight years at Wang Laboratories and six years with IBM.
Kevin Johnson and Michelle Rhee
Mayor │City of Sacramento
Elected in November 2008, Kevin Johnson is the 55th mayor of Sacramento and the first African American to serve in this office. Mayor Johnson’s vision is for Sacramento to become “a city that works for everyone.”
As mayor, Johnson has made education a top priority and is a tireless advocate for Sacramento children. He strongly believes that in order to be a great city, you have to have great schools and is committed to identifying ways to strategically drive education reform. During the first two years of his administration, Johnson has accomplished a number of objectives in his ambitious plan to ensure that all Sacramento students have the opportunity to attend excellent public schools and is being referred to nationally as the education mayor. Key actions to date include:
- Serving as chair for U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan’s Mayors Advisory Council.
- Leading a newly formed U.S. Conference of Mayors Task Force on Public Education.
- Hosting four major education summits that brought nationally renowned education innovators to Sacramento including: U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, Mayor Cory Booker, New York Chancellor Joel Klein, former DC Public Schools Chancellor Michelle Rhee, and Howard Fuller.
- Playing a key role in passing California Race to the Top legislation.
- Establishing regular dialogue with area superintendents, including an annual luncheon, to align services and discuss collaboration.
- Forming STAND UP for Sacramento Schools, a 501c3 organization focused on accountability for results, excellent teachers and school leaders, an engaged community, educational options, and effective policy.
Johnson’s dedication to education began long before he started his tenure as mayor. Upon retiring from the NBA after 12 seasons with the Phoenix Suns in 2000, he returned to his Oak Park neighborhood in Sacramento to serve as the CEO of St. HOPE, a non-profit community development organization he founded in 1989 to revitalize inner-city communities through public education, economic development, civic leadership and the arts. To address a shortage in quality schools in Oak Park, he founded St. HOPE Public Schools, preK – 12 charter school system. PS7 (grades K-8) has demonstrated a reverse achievement gap—where socioeconomically disadvantaged black students outperform their more affluent white peers and is considered one of the top schools in the state with an Academic Performance Index (API) score of 913. In 2009, PS7 was recognized as a California Distinguished School. Sacramento High School, one of the first successful transformation schools in the country, has seen a significant improvement in academic achievement since re-opening as a charter school in 2003 with a 196 point increase in API and a four-year college acceptance rate of over 70%, up from 20%. The school earned a Pillar of Promise Award for Excellence in the Commitment of Providing Effective Education from the America’s Promise Alliance in October 2010.
Mayor Johnson is a graduate of the University of California, Berkeley (B.A., Political Science). He served on the Board of Directors for LISC National, the CA Charter School Association, the UC Berkeley Foundation, the Institute of Governmental Studies National Advisory Council and the Harvard Divinity School SLI Advisory Board. His concern and compassion for children and education prompted President George Bush to honor Johnson with the 411th Point of Light. In addition, Johnson was selected as one of the “15 Greatest Men on Earth” by McCall’s Magazine and has received the NBA’s J. Walter Kennedy Citizenship Award, the Good Morning America Award from Sports Illustrated, the “Most Caring American” award by the Caring Institute, and induction into the World Sports Humanitarian Hall of Fame in Boise, Idaho, and the Pac-10 Hall of Fame.
CEO and Founder, StudentsFirst
Michelle began her career as a Teach for America corps member in Baltimore. Through her own trial and error in the classroom, she gained a tremendous respect for the hard work that teachers do every day. In 1997, Michelle founded and led The New Teacher Project, which recruits and trains teachers to work in urban schools. More recently, from 2007 to 2010, Michelle served as chancellor of District of Columbia Public Schools. Under her stewardship, D.C. schools experienced increases in student achievement, a rise in graduation rates and an upswing — for the first time in decades — in enrollment.
"Working in education over the past twenty years, time after time I saw obstacles keeping kids from getting what they needed from their schools. Yes, there were challenges that were going to be difficult to overcome no matter what, but so many practices just didn't make sense and were completely within our power to change. When I tried to change them, I found out why the status quo had persisted for so long.
"Groups that put the interests of adults in the system first were driving the conversation, and they were backed by big dollars and political power. What we needed was a collective voice solely representing kids' best interests, because the sense of balance was completely gone. I started StudentsFirst to change that. Schools exist to give kids the skills and knowledge necessary to succeed, and EVERY decision has to revolve around that."
General Stanley A. McChrystal
Former commander of U.S. and International Security Assistance Forces (ISAF) Afghanistan and the former commander of the premier military counter-terrorism force, Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC).
A transformational leader with a remarkable record of achievement, General Stanley A. McChrystal was called “one of America’s greatest warriors” by Secretary of Defense Robert Gates. A retired four-star general, he is the former commander of U.S. and International Security Assistance Forces (ISAF) Afghanistan and the former commander of the premier military counter-terrorism force, Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC). He is best known for developing and implementing the current counter-insurgency strategy in Afghanistan, and for creating a comprehensive counter-terrorism organization that revolutionized the interagency operating culture.
The son of Major General McChrystal, GEN McChrystal graduated from West Point in 1976 and joined the infantry. He began his military career as a platoon commander in the 82nd Airborne Division at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Over the course of his career, he held several leadership and staff positions in the Army Special Forces, Army Rangers, 82nd Airborne Division and the XVIII Army Airborne Corp and the Joint Staff. He is a graduate of the US Naval War College and he completed fellowships at Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government in 1997 and at the Council on Foreign Relations in 2000.
After 9/11 until his retirement in 2010, General McChrystal spent more than 7 years deployed to combat in a variety of leadership positions. In 2002, he was the chief of staff for military operations in Afghanistan. A year later he was selected to deliver nationally televised Pentagon briefings about military operations in Iraq. From 2003 to 2008, McChrystal commanded JSOC where he led the US Military’s counter-terrorism efforts all over the world. From the summer of 2008 until June of 2009, General McChrystal was the Director of the Joint Staff. In June of 2009, the President of the United States and the Secretary General of NATO appointed General McChrystal to be the Commander of US Forces Afghanistan and NATO ISAF. His command included more than 150,000 troops from 45 allied countries. On August 1 of 2010 General McChrystal retired from the US Army.
General McChrystal is currently the Co-Founder of the McChrystal Group and a senior fellow at Yale University’s Jackson Institute for Global Affairs where he teaches a course on Leadership in Operation.
General McChrystal sits on the board of the Yellow Ribbon Fund, Navistar International Corporation and JetBlue. He is also heading the White House Initiative Joining Forces dedicated to encouraging companies, schools, philanthropic and religious groups and local communities to recognize the stress that is endured by families of active-duty personnel, reservists and veterans, and to strive to meet their needs.
General McChrystal resides in Alexandria, Virginia with his wife of 35 years, Annie.
Dr. Ben S. Bernanke
The Honorable Ben S. Bernanke Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
Ben S. Bernanke began a second term as Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System on February 1, 2010. Dr. Bernanke also serves as Chairman of the Federal Open Market Committee, the System's principal monetary policymaking body. He originally took office as Chairman on February 1, 2006, when he also began a 14-year term as a member of the Board. His second term as Chairman ends January 31, 2014, and his term as a Board member ends January 31, 2020.
Before his appointment as Chairman, Dr. Bernanke was Chairman of the President's Council of Economic Advisers, from June 2005 to January 2006.
Dr. Bernanke has already served the Federal Reserve System in several roles. He was a member of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System from 2002 to 2005; a visiting scholar at the Federal Reserve Banks of Philadelphia (1987-89), Boston (1989-90), and New York (1990-91, 1994-96); and a member of the Academic Advisory Panel at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (1990-2002).
From 1994 to 1996, Dr. Bernanke was the Class of 1926 Professor of Economics and Public Affairs at Princeton University. He was the Howard Harrison and Gabrielle Snyder Beck Professor of Economics and Public Affairs and Chair of the Economics Department at the university from 1996 to 2002. Dr. Bernanke had been a Professor of Economics and Public Affairs at Princeton since 1985.
Before arriving at Princeton, Dr. Bernanke was an Associate Professor of Economics (1983-85) and an Assistant Professor of Economics (1979-83) at the Graduate School of Business at Stanford University. His teaching career also included serving as a Visiting Professor of Economics at New York University (1993) and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1989-90).
Dr. Bernanke has published many articles on a wide variety of economic issues, including monetary policy and macroeconomics, and he is the author of several scholarly books and two textbooks. He has held a Guggenheim Fellowship and a Sloan Fellowship, and he is a Fellow of the Econometric Society and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Bernanke served as the Director of the Monetary Economics Program of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) and as a member of the NBER's Business Cycle Dating Committee. In July 2001, he was appointed Editor of the American Economic Review. Dr. Bernanke's work with civic and professional groups includes having served two terms as a member of the Montgomery Township (N.J.) Board of Education.
Dr. Bernanke was born in December 1953 in Augusta, Georgia, and grew up in Dillon, South Carolina. He received a B.A. in economics in 1975 from Harvard University (summa cum laude) and a Ph.D. in economics in 1979 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Dr. Bernanke is married and has two children.
General James L. Jones, USMC (Ret)
National Security Advisor
General James Jones, USMC (Ret) was appointed National Security Advisor to the President on January 20, 2009. General Jones previously served as president and chief executive officer of the U.S. Chamber Institute for 21st Century Energy.
From July 1999 to January 2003, General Jones was the 32nd Commandant of the Marine Corps. After relinquishing command as Commandant, he assumed the positions of Supreme Allied Commander, Europe (SACEUR) and Commander of the United States European Command (USEUCOM), positions he held until December 2006. General Jones retired from active duty in the U.S. Marine Corps on February 1st, 2007, after more than 40 years of uniformed service to the nation.
On November 28, 2007, General Jones was appointed as the State Department’s Special Envoy for Middle East Regional Security. In this capacity, he worked with Israeli and Palestinian officials in furthering the Peace Process – focused on the full range of security issues in order to strengthen security for both sides.
General Jones spent his formative years in France, returning to the United States to attend Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service, from which he earned a Bachelor of Science degree in 1966. He was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the Marine Corps in January 1967 and, later that year was ordered to the Republic of Vietnam where he served as a Platoon and Company Commander. Over the next four decades, General Jones served in a variety of command and staff positions while stationed in the United States, Europe, and Okinawa, Japan. In addition to combat experience in Vietnam, his deployment experiences included tours as Commander, 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit, in Operation Provide Comfort in Northern Iraq and Turkey and, after advancing to Brigadier General, as Chief of Staff, Joint Task Force Provide Promise, for operations in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia.
In addition to having been awarded national and international military awards, General Jones received a Bachelor of Science degree (1966) and an Honorary Doctorate of Letters (2002) from Georgetown University. In June 1985, he graduated from the National War College in Washington, D.C.
General Jones and his wife Diane have four children and eight grandchildren.
Dr. Atul Gawande
Practicing surgeon, accomplished writer, teacher and speaker.
As a practicing surgeon and an accomplished writer, teacher and speaker, Dr. Atul Gawande offers audiences a unique perspective on the practice of medicine, the reform of healthcare, and the human struggle to do better, to improve performance.
Chosen for The 2010 TIME 100, Dr. Atul Gawande is number five in the thinkers category.
He received the MacArthur Fellowship, popularly known as the "genius prize," for his writing and his efforts to improve surgical practice.
Dr. Atul Gawande is one of the most influential voices on healthcare reform in America today. With the sensible and pragmatic approach of a surgeon, he encourages incremental reforms that build on the strengths and limitations of our current system. He also speaks on how to improve care and lower costs.
Dr. Atul Gawande is the author of three brilliant bestselling books on medicine, culture and human experience. In his book, Better: A Surgeon’s Notes on Performance, Dr. Atul Gawande uses the high stakes challenges he faces as a surgeon to explore the universal struggle to perform well—what it takes to excel in any area of human endeavor.
His first book, Complications, was a finalist for the National Book Award in 2002 and is published in more than a hundred countries.
Dr. Atul Gawande’s current book, The Checklist Manifesto: How to Get Things Right is a New York Times bestseller. In this book, Dr. Atul Gawande explores the importance of using the lowly checklist and how it has revolutionized medical practice and saved lives.
Dr. Atul Gawande holds distinguished positions in all of his professional roles. He is the Research Director for the BWH Center for Surgery and Public Health, a practicing surgeon, and a staff writer for The New Yorker magazine.
He leads the World Health Organization’s global campaign to reduce avoidable deaths and complications in surgery and to reduce deaths at child delivery.
Victor L.L. Chu
Chairman of the First Eastern Investment Group
Victor Chu was born in Canton, China and came to Hong Kong at the age of four. He received his early education in Hong Kong and England, and received his law degree at University College, London.
Victor Chu is Chairman of the First Eastern Investment Group, a leading Hong Kong-based direct investment firm and a pioneer of private equity investments in China. He is also Chairman of the First Eastern Investment Bank Limited in Dubai and Evolution Securities China Limited in London. Mr. Chu is a main board member of Zurich Insurance.
Victor Chu has served as Director and Council Member of the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, Member of the Hong Kong Takeovers and Mergers Panel, Advisory Committee Member of the Securities and Futures Commission, and part-time member of Hong Kong Government’s Central Policy Unit. Mr. Chu is currently a Foundation Board Member of the World Economic Forum and co-chairs the Forum’s International Business Council. He is also Chairman of the Paris-based ICC Commission on Financial Services and Insurance.
Mr. Chu practiced law in England and Hong Kong. Since 1982 he has practiced in the field of corporate, commercial and securities laws, with special emphasis on China and regional investment transactions. He served as Deputy Secretary-General of the International Bar Association (IBA) from 1995 to 2000.
Victor Chu has served on the Governing Council of University College London and the Foreign Affairs University of China. He is a Trustee of Asia House and the International Business Leaders’ Forum, as well as a member of the Mayor of London’s International Business Advisory Council. Mr. Chu’s other civic associations include service on the boards or advisory councils of the International Crisis Group, Chatham House, Harvard Kennedy School, East Asia Institute of Cambridge University, the Oxford Martin School and the Atlantic Council of the USA.
Inventor and Physicist
As an inventor and physicist, Dean Kamen has dedicated his life to developing technologies that help people lead better lives. As an inventor, he holds more than 440 U.S. and foreign patents, many of them for innovative medical devices that have expanded the frontiers of health care worldwide. While still a college undergraduate, he invented the automatic, self-contained ambulatory pump designed to deliver precise doses of medication to patients with a variety of medical conditions. In 1976 he founded AutoSyringe, Inc., to manufacture and market the pumps. At age 30, he sold that company to Baxter International Corporation. By then, he had developed a number of other infusion devices, including the first wearable insulin pump for diabetics. Following the sale of AutoSyringe, Inc., he founded DEKA Research & Development Corporation to develop internally generated inventions, as well as to provide R&D for major corporate clients.
The array of products and technologies invented and developed by Dean and the engineering team at DEKA is extremely broad. Some examples of notable breakthrough medical devices invented and developed by DEKA are the HomeChoice™ portable dialysis machine, marketed by Baxter Healthcare and the iBOT™ Mobility System, a sophisticated mobility aid developed for Johnson & Johnson. DEKA’s other projects include: a DARPA-funded robotic arm project intended to restore functionality for individuals with upper extremity amputations; a new and improved Stirling engine intended to convert almost any fuel into electrical power and clean heat as part of a system that is clean, quiet, easy to use and easy to maintain with a long operating life; new water purification technology intended to convert almost any source water into safe drinking water; and many others. Dean is also widely recognized as the inventor of the Segway™ Human Transporter, which was designed to provide a clean alternative for short distance travel and enhance people’s productivity.
Among Dean’s proudest accomplishments is founding FIRST (For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology), an organization dedicated to motivating the next generation to understand, use and enjoy science and technology. In 2010, its flagship program, the FIRST Robotics Competition, will reach more than 45,000 high-school students on more than 1,800 teams in 43 regional competitions, seven district competitions, and one national championship. The FIRST Robotics Competition teams professionals and young people to solve an engineering design problem in an intense and competitive way. In 1998, the FIRST LEGO League was created for children ages 9-14. Similar to the FIRST Robotics Competition, these young participants build a robot and compete in an event designed for their age group. In the 2009/10 season, over 147,000 children participated in 56 countries. FIRST also offers the Junior FIRST LEGO League for 6 to 9 year-olds and the FIRST Tech Challenge, which provides high-school-aged students with a hands-on learning experience to develop and hone their skills and abilities in science and technology.
Dean has received numerous awards and accolades including the Heinz Award in Technology, the Economy and Employment in 1998, the National Medal of Technology from President Clinton in 2000, the Lemelson-MIT Prize in 2002 for Invention and Innovation, the United Nations Association of the USA Global Humanitarian Action Award in 2006, the American Society of Manufacturing Engineers Medal in 2007, the 2008 LEGO Prize, the 2009 Committee for Economic Development Public Policy Award and honorary degrees from more than 25 colleges and universities. Dean was inducted into The National Inventors Hall of Fame in May 2005.
Chief Research and Strategy Officer at Microsoft Corp.
Craig Mundie is Chief Research and Strategy Officer at Microsoft Corp. In this role, he oversees one of the world’s largest computer-science research organizations, and is responsible for the company’s long-term technology strategy. Mundie has spent much of his career building startups in various fields, including supercomputing, consumer electronics, healthcare, education and robotics, and remains active in incubating new businesses. For more than a decade, he has also served as Microsoft’s principal technology-policy liaison to the U.S. and foreign governments, with an emphasis on China, India and Russia. Another long-standing focus for Mundie is privacy, security and cyber-security. Based on this work, he serves on the U.S. National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee and the Task Force on National Security in the Information Age, and in April 2009 was appointed by President Barack Obama to the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.
Chairman of the board of directors and chief executive officer of Dell
Michael Dell, born in February 1965, is the chairman of the board of directors and chief executive officer of Dell, the company he founded in 1984 with $1,000 and an unprecedented idea — to build relationships directly with customers. In 1992, Michael became the youngest CEO ever to earn a ranking on the Fortune 500.
Michael is the author of Direct From Dell: Strategies That Revolutionized an Industry, his story of the rise of the company and the strategies he has refined that apply to all businesses.
In 1998, Michael formed MSD Capital, and in 1999, he and his wife formed the Michael & Susan Dell Foundation to manage the investments and philanthropic efforts, respectively, of the Dell family.
Michael serves on the Foundation Board of the World Economic Forum, the executive committee of the International Business Council and is a member of the U.S. Business Council. Michael also serves on the Technology CEO Council and the governing board of the Indian School of Business in Hyderabad, India.
H. Lee Scott, Jr.
Chairman of the executive committee of the board of directors of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (Walmart)
Lee Scott is chairman of the executive committee of the board of directors Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. (Walmart). From 2000 to February 2009, Lee president and CEO of Walmart during which time the company emerged world’s largest retailer with more than 2 million associates serving customers and members more than 200 million times per week.
Lee made people a priority and created an environment where diversity, innovation and excellence could flourish. Under his leadership, Walmart assembled team of senior leaders who transformed the business to thrive in complex, global environment, while keeping the company’s mission of "saving people money so they can live better" relevant to a changing world.
General Manager of IDEO
Tom Kelley is General Manager of IDEO, a design and innovation firm that helps clients create new products, services, environments, and experiences. He is also author of The Ten Faces of Innovation and The Art of Innovation, both recently named by Business Week’s SmallBiz magazine among their top ten "best books on innovation."
In addition to his work at IDEO and his writing on innovation, Tom was recently appointed by the Dean of UC Berkeley’s Haas School of Business as the school’s first-ever Executive Fellow.
As a leading speaker, Tom addresses scores of business audiences on how to use innovation to transform a business's culture and strategic thinking.
Peter Lewis and Frank Gehry
Businessman Peter Lewis and architect Frank Gehry discuss innovation in business and in architecture. They explain their collaborative effort in building design and funding that goes beyond expectation and imagination in Cleveland Clinic’s Ideas for Tomorrow speaker series.
Michael E. Porter
GenBishop William Lawrence University Professor at Harvard Business School
Michael E. Porter is the Bishop William Lawrence University Professor at Harvard Business School. A leading authority on company strategy and the competitiveness of nations and regions, his work is widely recognized in governments, corporations, non-profits, and academic circles across the globe.
Professor Porter’s core field is competition and company strategy, and this remains the focus of his research. His work has also re-defined thinking about competitiveness, economic development, economically distressed urban communities, environmental policy, and the role of corporations in society. He is the author of 18 books and numerous articles.
Recently, Professor Porter has devoted considerable attention to understanding and addressing the pressing problems in health care in the United States and other countries. His book, Redefining Health Care (with Professor Elizabeth Teisberg), develops a new strategic framework for transforming the value delivered by the health care system, with implications for providers, health plans, employers, and government, among other actors. His New England Journal of Medicine research article, "A Strategy for Health Care Reform—Toward a Value-Based System" (June 2009), lays out a health reform strategy for the U.S.
In addition to his research, writing, and teaching, Professor Porter serves as an advisor to business, government, and the social sector. He has served as strategy advisor to numerous leading U.S. and international companies, including Caterpillar, Procter & Gamble, Scotts Miracle-Gro, Royal Dutch Shell, and Taiwan Semiconductor. Professor Porter serves on two public boards of directors, Thermo Fisher Scientific and Parametric Technology Corporation. Professor Porter also plays an active role in U.S. economic policy with the Executive Branch and Congress, and has led national strategy programs in numerous countries. He is currently working with the Presidents of Rwanda and South Korea.
For more information, see the web site of the Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness (www.isc.hbs.edu).
His Excellency Yousef Al Otaiba
Ambassador of the United Arab Emirates
to the United States of America and Mexico
His Excellency Yousef Al Otaiba, the Ambassador of the United Arab Emirates to the United States of America and Mexico, took up his Washington-based post in July 2008.
Previously, Ambassador Al Otaiba served for seven years as the Director of International Affairs for the Court of the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi. During that time, he was a senior counselor to HH General Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces.
In these roles, Ambassador Al Otaiba has helped strengthen the UAE’s security and economic relations throughout the region, with the United States and with other nations. His responsibilities saw him serve as the UAE’s principal security, anti-terrorism and defense liaison to other governments and he was heavily involved in diplomatic efforts to improve regional security and defense cooperation. These efforts have included working to enhance UAE enforcement of export control laws and policy and coordinating counter proliferation activities with allies.
Most recently, Ambassador Al Otaiba has helped guide Abu Dhabi’s leadership in multinational discussions on best practices for sovereign wealth funds. This activity was an extension of Ambassador Al Otaiba’s efforts to promote and deepen trade relationships between the UAE and other government, commercial, and private sector entities. For several years, Ambassador Al Otaiba has facilitated meetings between the UAE and other foreign economic interests, which have resulted in numerous mutually beneficial cooperative and partnership agreements.
Ambassador Al Otaiba obtained a degree in international relations from Georgetown University in Washington, DC, after graduating from the Cairo American College. He also attended the Industrial College of the US Armed Forces at the National Defense University in Washington, DC as an International Fellow.
"The Man Who Changed Medicine"
In 1972, three years after Michael Milken began a legendary career on Wall Street, his wife told him her mother had been diagnosed with breast cancer. That was when Milken began a search for medical solutions that has played as large a role in his life as his better-known innovations in finance. Nearly 33 years after he began parallel careers in philanthropy and finance, Fortune magazine wrote, "No one had ever really pulled together the full picture of how - and how much - (Milken) has shaken up the medical establishment and saved lives." That was corrected in a 2004 Fortune cover story under the headline "The Man Who Changed Medicine."
Milken is now recognized for his three decades of driving medical research toward cures and improved treatments for all life-threatening diseases. Fortune noted that he "has energized the medical establishment. Now thousands are living longer — and leaders everywhere are taking notice." He formalized his previous philanthropy in 1982 by co-founding the Milken Family Foundation (www.mff.org), which has supported worldwide research on pediatric neurology, nutrition, brain and breast cancers, and leukemia. The Foundation’s coveted Milken Educator Awards, called the "Oscars of Teaching" by Teacher magazine, is the largest such program in the U.S. and since 1985 has honored 2,300 K-12 teachers and principals in partnership with the departments of education in 48 states. Each educator receives an unrestricted $25,000 prize and participates in an annual professional conference.
Milken is chairman of FasterCures (www.fastercures.org), a Washington-based think tank dedicated to removing barriers to progress in medical research. He had earlier founded the Prostate Cancer Foundation (www.pcf.org), whose funding of more than 1,500 programs at 200 research centers in 20 countries make it the world’s largest philanthropic funder of research on that disease. Forbes said, "Prostate cancer, once a research backwater, is suddenly sexy thanks to the work of one patient: Michael Milken." PCF advocacy for increased government and private support has helped build a $10-billion global research enterprise. Milken also joined with leading physicians in launching the Melanoma Research Alliance (www.melanomaresearchalliance.org) to accelerate research progress against fatal skin cancers.
He also chairs the widely respected Milken Institute (www.milkeninstitute.org), a non-partisan, economic think tank whose scholars consult for government and private organizations, publish influential studies and host major conferences. The annual Milken Institute Global Conference brings 3,000 thought leaders and decision makers from 60 nations to Los Angeles. The next Global Conference is April 26-28, 2010.
As a financier, Milken is often said to have revolutionized modern capital markets, making them more democratic and dynamic by innovating a wide range of financing techniques previously unavailable to most companies. A Washington Post column said he “helped create the conditions for America’s explosion of wealth and creativity,” a process that Business Week said "shook America’s defeatist Establishment out of its gloom." Starting in 1969 at what would become Drexel Burnham Lambert, he financed thousands of companies that created millions of jobs. An article in The New York Times said, "Mr. Milken helped create a new generation of companies and an entirely new way to finance nascent ideas that have helped fuel the global economy." The former editor of the Harvard Business Review wrote, "Much of the strength and resilience of the economy today – including its ability to rebound in times of adversity – is due to the way people using Milken’s financing vehicles remade ailing companies or put their entrepreneurial zeal to work." In 1989, the government charged him with securities/reporting violations in a case that continues to engender controversy. He admitted conduct that resulted in five violations during a brief period in his 20-year Wall Street career. Such conduct had never before (or since) been prosecuted criminally. After paying a $200 million fine and serving a one-year-and-10-month sentence, he resumed his philanthropic work.
A Phi Beta Kappa Berkeley graduate, Mike (what everyone calls him) received his MBA from the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School. He has received honorary degrees from business and medical schools; he writes frequently about public-policy issues in major publications; and he is a widely sought-after speaker at conferences around the world. Mike and his wife Lori, who have three children and four grandchildren, celebrated their 41st wedding anniversary this year.
Doris Kearns Goodwin
Exclusively Represented by The Washington Speakers Bureau
Doris Kearns Goodwin, world-renowned historian, has been reporting on politics and baseball for over two decades. Goodwin is the author of several books and has written for leading national publications. She appears regularly on network television programs and was an on-air consultant for PBS documentaries on Lyndon B. Johnson, the Kennedy Family, Franklin Roosevelt and Ken Burns’ The History of Baseball. She was the first female journalist to enter the Red Sox locker room.
Goodwin was born and raised on Long Island, New York. She received her B.A. from Colby College, where she graduated Magna Cum Laude. While at Colby, she was inducted into Phi Beta Kappa, the international honor society. She received her Ph.D. in Government from Harvard University, where she taught Government including a course on the American Presidency. Following her tenure at Harvard, Goodwin served as an assistant to Lyndon Johnson in his last year in the White House. She later assisted Johnson in the preparation of his memoirs.
In 1976, Goodwin authored Lyndon Johnson & The American Dream, which became a New York Times best-seller. She followed up in 1987 with the political biography, The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys, which stayed on the New York Times Best-Seller List for five months. In 1990, it was made into a six-hour ABC miniseries. Her next book, No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The American Home Front During World War II, was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in April 1995, as well as the Harold Washington Literary Award, the New England Bookseller Association Award, the Ambassador Book Award and the Washington Monthly Book Award. It was a New York Times best seller for six months.
Goodwin’s book, Wait Till Next Year: A Memoir, published in 1997, is about growing up in the 1950’s in love with the Brooklyn Dodgers. It has been a New York Times best-seller, as well as a Book of the Month Club selection. A Washington Post reviewer wrote, "This is a book in the grand tradition of girlhood memoirs, dating from Louisa May Alcott to Carson McCullers and Harper Lee."
Her most recent work, a monumental history of Abraham Lincoln entitled Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln, published in October 2005, joined the best-seller lists on its first week in publication, and soon reached #1 on the New York Times Best-Seller List. Team of Rivals won the 2006 Lincoln Prize for an outstanding work about the president and/or the Civil War, the inaugural New York Historical Society Book Prize, the Richard Nelson Current award and the New York State Archives History Makers Award. Steven Spielberg is developing a feature film about the book, set to star Liam Neeson as Lincoln and Sally Field as Mary.
Doris Kearns Goodwin Exclusively Represented by The Washington Speakers Bureau Goodwin is married to Richard Goodwin, who worked in the White House under both Kennedy and Johnson. Mr. Goodwin’s experience as the investigator who uncovered the quiz show scandals of the 1950s was captured in the Academy Award- nominated movie Quiz Show, directed by Robert Redford. The Goodwin’s have three sons.
Deputy Director, Central Intelligence Agency
Mr. Stephen R. Kappes was sworn in as Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency on July 24, 2006. He is a career CIA officer, having served most recently as Deputy Director for Operations and Associate Deputy Director for Operations from 2002 to 2004. Mr. Kappes retired from Federal service and entered the private sector in 2005. He joined ArmorGroup International in April 2005 and was the Chief Operating Officer and a member of the Board of Directors from November 2005 to June 2006. Mr. Kappes joined the Agency in January 1981 after having served as a Marine Corps officer since 1976. Mr. Kappes holds a Bachelor of Science degree in pre-medicine from Ohio University and a Master of Science degree in pathology from Ohio State University.
NBC News Special Correspondent
Tom Brokaw, one of the most trusted and respected figures in broadcast journalism, is a special correspondent for NBC News. In this role, he reports and produces long-form documentaries and provides expertise during election coverage and breaking news events for NBC News.
On December 1, 2004, Brokaw stepped down after 21 years as the anchor and managing editor of "NBC Nightly News." He has received numerous honors, including the Edward R. Murrow Lifetime Achievement Award, the Emmy Award for Lifetime Achievement, and he was inducted as a fellow into the prestigious American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In addition, Brokaw has received the Records of Achievement Award from The Foundation for the National Archives; the Association of the U.S. Army honored him with their highest award, the George Catlett Marshall Medal, first ever to a journalist; and he was the recipient of the West Point Sylvanus Thayer Award, in recognition of devoted service to bringing exclusive interviews and stories to public attention. His insight, ability and integrity have earned him a dozen Emmys and two Peabody and duPont awards for his journalistic achievements. In 2003, "NBC Nightly News" was honored with the prestigious Edward R. Murrow Award for Best Newscast, representing the program's fourth consecutive win in this category.
Most recently, Brokaw served as interim moderator of NBC's top-rated Sunday morning public affairs program, “Meet the Press,” from June 2008 until December 2008, after the untimely death of Tim Russert.
Over the years at NBC, while anchoring "NBC Nightly News" and "Today," Brokaw also reported on 25 documentaries on subjects ranging from race, AIDS, the war on terror, Los Angeles gangs, Bill Gates, literacy, immigration and the evangelical movement. In addition to his long form documentaries, "Tom Brokaw Reports," he has collaborated with NBC News' Peacock Productions for Discovery's Emmy-winning documentary "Global Warming: What You Need to Know with Tom Brokaw," and History Channel's two-hour documentaries, "1968 with Tom Brokaw" and "KING."
In 2006, Brokaw reported on race and poverty in "Separate and Unequal," which was awarded an RTNDA/Unity Award. The documentary took an honest look at the progress that's been made, and the problems that persist, 40 years after the civil rights movement. Later that year, he reported on illegal immigration in "In the Shadow of the American Dream," exploring the economic realities, the social consequences and the political controversies surrounding one of the hottest topics dividing the country today.
In 2005, Brokaw returned to primetime for the first time since leaving the anchor desk with "The Long War," an in-depth report on the war on terror. He traveled around the world - to Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, France and Washington D.C. - to interview world leaders, intelligence experts and those personally affected by the events of Sept. 11 for this documentary. "The Secret Man: The Story of Watergate's Deep Throat," quickly followed in July 2005, and in September 2005, Brokaw reported on the religious revolution sweeping the country in "In God they Trust." In December 2005, he received wide acclaim for his fourth documentary that year, "To War and Back," which took a comprehensive look at what happens when young men go to war, lose friends, get hurt and then come home.
Brokaw received his second Peabody in 2004 with the documentary, "Tom Brokaw Reports: A Question of Fairness." The report examined the issue of affirmative action through the controversy surrounding the University of Michigan and its affirmative action policy, which detailed the continuing struggle to deal with race, fairness and higher education in America. In 2003, he won an Emmy for Outstanding Interview for "America Remembers: 9/11 Air Traffic Controllers."
Prior to stepping down as anchor of "Nightly News," Brokaw traveled to Iraq in June 2004 to cover the handover of power and reported for five days for all NBC News programs and MSNBC. In addition to interviewing a mix of newsmakers including Iraq's interim president Ghazi Al Yawer, General David Petraeus, the American General who is charged with rebuilding the Iraqi security forces, and securing an exclusive interview with General Ricardo Sanchez, the man who was in charge of the American forces in Iraq when Saddam Hussein was captured, Brokaw patrolled the dangerous Baghdad streets in a humvee convoy with the First Cavalry Division, and also reported on student life in Baghdad with the class of 2004.
Brokaw was the only network evening news anchor to report from Normandy, France during the D-Day 60th Anniversary ceremonies in June 2004. He had exclusive interviews with French President Jacques Chirac in Paris and President George W. Bush at the American Cemetery Normandy Beach in Colleville-sur-Mer, France on June 6, the 60th Anniversary of D-Day. In February 2004, Brokaw returned to the Asian subcontinent to report on the challenges Pakistan and Afghanistan face as they continue to fight the war on terror. In addition to securing exclusive interviews Pakistan president Gen. Pervez Musharraf and Afghan president Hamid Karzai, Brokaw traveled with the Pakistani army to mountainous and barren terrain along the border with Afghanistan as they hunted for Al Qaeda and also reported from Southeastern Afghanistan, the base of the 10th Mountain Division, where U.S. soldiers are not only hunting for Al Qaeda, but trying to win the hearts and minds of the people as well.
In 2003, as the international controversy escalated over the increasing likelihood of war with Iraq, Brokaw traveled overseas to the diplomatic and military hotspots throughout the Middle East and the Gulf. On March 19, 2003, Brokaw was the first American news anchor to report that the war with Iraq had begun, and in April 2003, he landed the first television interview with President Bush after the President declared the end of major combat. During the summer of 2003, Brokaw was the first evening news anchor to return to Baghdad to report for five nights for "NBC Nightly News" and "Dateline NBC" on post-war Iraq and the reconstruction efforts.
He has an impressive series of additional "firsts," including the first exclusive U.S. one-on-one interview with Russian President Mikhail Gorbachev, earning an Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Award. Brokaw was the first and only anchor to report from the scene the night the Berlin Wall fell, and was the first American anchor to travel to Tibet to report on human-rights abuses and to conduct an interview with the Dalai Lama.
Brokaw has also reported in documentaries of international importance, including "The Road to Baghdad" where he documented the path to possible war with Iraq through the eyes of half a dozen people at the center of the crisis, and "The Lost Boys," a story about how the ongoing war in Sudan forced the "lost boys" out of their villages in the 1980s, which won a National Press Club Award.
In 1997, Brokaw was awarded with another Alfred I. duPont-Columbia University Award for Excellence in Broadcast Journalism for "Why Can't We Live Together," a documentary that examined the hidden realities of racial separation in America's suburbs. His first Peabody award in 1989 was for "To Be An American," a documentary about the American tapestry: who we are, how we got here and what it means to become a new citizen.
The NBC News anchor also has a distinguished record as a political reporter. He has interviewed every president since Lyndon Baines Johnson and has covered every presidential election since 1968. Brokaw was NBC's White House correspondent during the national trauma of Watergate (1973-1976). From 1984 to 2004, he anchored all of NBC's political coverage, including primaries, national conventions and election nights, and moderated nine primary and/or general election debates.
Complementing his distinguished broadcast journalism career, Brokaw has written articles, essays and commentary for several publications including The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Los Angeles Times, Newsweek, Time, The New Yorker, Men's Journal, Sports Illustrated, Life, National Geographic, Outside and Interview.
In 1998, Brokaw became a best selling author with the publication of "The Greatest Generation." Inspired by the mountain of mail he received from his first book, Brokaw wrote "The Greatest Generation Speaks" in 1999. His third book, "An Album of Memories," was published in 2001. In November 2002, Brokaw's fourth best selling book "A Long Way from Home," a reflective look about growing up in the American Heartland, was released. In his fifth best-selling book, "BOOM! Voices of the Sixties," Brokaw shares a series of remembrances and reflections of the time based on his experiences and over 50 interviews with a wide variety of well known artists, politicians, activists, business leaders, and journalists, as well as lesser known figures, including a daughter of a former Mississippi segregationist governor, Vietnam veterans, civil rights activists, health care pioneers, environmentalists, and war protesters.
Brokaw began his journalism career in 1962 at KMTV in Omaha, Nebraska. He anchored the late evening news on Atlanta's WSB-TV in 1965 before joining KNBC-TV in Los Angeles. Brokaw was hired by NBC News in 1966 and from 1976-1981 he anchored NBC News' "Today" program.
Glenn D. Lowry
Director of The Museum of Modern Art
Glenn D. Lowry became the sixth Director of The Museum of Modern Art in 1995. He leads a staff of some 850 people and directs an active program of exhibitions, acquisitions and publications.
His major initiatives in the past ten years include guiding MoMA’s $900 million capital campaign for the renovation, expansion, and endowment of the Museum, reinvigorating MoMA’s contemporary art program, and challenging conventional thinking about modern art. He has lectured and written extensively in support of contemporary art and artists and the role of museums in society, among other topics.
Steven A. Burd
CEO of Safeway Inc.
Steven A. Burd, CEO of Safeway Inc., the nation’s third largest retail food chain, is a dynamic speaker who has grabbed the attention of the national media as a champion of market-driven healthcare reform.
Featured on the cover of the New York Times Sunday Magazine, he is building coalitions across the political spectrum to promote healthcare reform to the federal government.
The CEO of Safeway Inc., since 1993, Mr. Burd led what has been called a "spectacular" turnaround at the company, nearly tripling its operating profit in his first five years. Today, he is positioning its stores to compete with new rivals by emphasizing superior quality value pricing and a new "lifestyle store" format.
Worldwide media leader, philanthropist, and television host
Oprah Winfrey has been called "America’s beloved best friend." She is a worldwide media leader, philanthropist, and television host seen by more than 46 million Americans every day.
Ms. Winfrey survived a troubled childhood in Mississippi, to study broadcasting in college, and got her first new anchor job at 19, in Nashville. Success there brought her to Baltimore television, where she first added talk show host to her resume. Moving to Chicago in 1984, she took a failing morning talk show to the top of the ratings in one month. This was the nucleus of today’s Oprah Winfrey Show, the highest-rated talk show in television history.
A movie and TV actress, she won an Academy Award and Golden Globe for her role in the movie The Color Purple. Her television production company is responsible for the Dr. Phil show. Her Hearst magazine O had the most successful launch in publishing history. She promotes literacy, through her Oprah’s Book Club. Her humanitarian work extends from the United States to Africa, where has helped fund schools and children’s programs.
Winner of countless awards and honors, from multiple Emmys to Time magazines 100 Most Influential People, Oprah Winfrey has been referred to by journalists as "the most influential woman in the world."
J. Craig Venter, Ph.D.
Founder, Chairman, and President
of the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI)
J. Craig Venter, Ph.D., is regarded as one of the leading scientists of the 21st century for his numerous invaluable contributions to genomic research. He is Founder, Chairman, and President of the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI), a not-for-profit, research and support organization with more than 500 scientist and staff dedicated to human, microbial, plant and environmental genomic research, the exploration of social and ethical issues in genomics, and seeking alternative energy solutions through genomics. Their most recent achievement is the publication of the first diploid human genome.
Dr. Venter began his formal education after a tour of duty as a Navy Corpsman in Vietnam from 1967 to 1968. After earning both a Bachelor’s degree in Biochemistry and a Ph.D. in Physiology and Pharmacology from the University of California at San Diego, he was appointed professor at the State University of New York at Buffalo and the Roswell Park Cancer Institute. In 1984, he moved to the National Institutes of Health campus where he developed Expressed Sequence Tags or ESTs, a revolutionary new strategy for rapid gene discovery. In 1992 Dr. Venter founded The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR), a not-for-profit research institute, where in 1995 he and his team decoded the genome of the first free-living organism, the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae, using his new whole genome shotgun technique. TIGR, which was recently merged into the JCVI, sequenced more than 50 genomes using Dr. Venter’s techniques.
In 1998, Dr. Venter founded Celera Genomics to sequence the human genome using new tools and techniques he and his team developed. The successful completion of this research culminated with the February 2001 publication of the human genome in the journal, Science. He and his team at Celera also sequenced the fruit fly, mouse and rat genomes. Dr. Venter and his team at the Venter Institute continue to blaze new trails in genomics research and have recently published several important papers covering such areas as environmental genomics, synthetic genomics and the sequence and analysis of the dog genome.
Dr. Venter, one of the most frequently cited scientists, is the author of more than 200 research articles. He is also the recipient of numerous honorary degrees, public honors, and scientific awards, including the 2001 Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize, and the 2002 Gairdner Foundation International Award. Dr. Venter is a member of numerous prestigious scientific organizations including the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Society for Microbiology.
Astronaut and Senator
John H. Glenn was born on July 18, 1921, in Cambridge, Ohio. During his early childhood, the family moved to New Concord, Ohio, where Glenn attended primary and secondary school. Following graduation from New Concord High School, Glenn enrolled in Muskingum College and began flying lessons at the New Philadelphia airport, earning his pilot's license in 1941. He left college before earning his degree (he was awarded a bachelor of science in engineering from Muskingum in 1962) and enlisted in the Naval Aviation Cadet Program. He was commissioned in the Marine Corps in 1943.
During his World War II service, Glenn flew 59 combat missions in the South Pacific. Following the war, he remained in the military as a Marine pilot and served as an instructor in advanced flight training. During the Korean conflict, he flew 63 missions with Marine Fighter Squadron 311 and 27 missions as an exchange pilot with the Air Force.
He holds the Air Medal with 18 Clusters for his combat service and has been awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross on six occasions. He is the recipient of numerous other honors, including the Congressional Space Medal of Honor.
In 1954, Glenn won an assignment as a Marine test pilot and, in 1957, set a transcontinental speed record for the first flight to average supersonic speeds from Los Angeles to New York. In 1959, he was selected to be one of seven NASA Mercury astronauts from an original pool of 508. Three years later, on Feb. 20, 1962, he made history as the first American to orbit the earth, completing three orbits in a five-hour flight and returning to a hero's welcome.
Glenn retired from the Marine Corps as a colonel in 1965, becoming a business executive with Royal Crown Cola and serving first as a member of the board of directors and then as president of Royal Crown International. During this time, he took an active part in Democratic politics and early environmental protection efforts in Ohio.
In 1974, he was elected to the U.S. Senate, carrying all 88 counties in Ohio. He was reelected in 1980 with the largest margin of votes in Ohio history. Ohioans returned him to the Senate for the third time in 1986, and, in 1992, he again made history by being the first popularly elected senator from Ohio to win four consecutive terms. He retired from the Senate in 1998.
Glenn returned to space from Oct. 29 to Nov. 7, 1998, as a member of NASA's Shuttle STS-95 Discovery mission during which crew supported a variety of research payloads and investigations on space flight and aging. During that mission, Glenn made 134 Earth orbits in 213 hours and 44 minutes.
In October 1997, Glenn announced that his papers, documenting his full career, would be archived at The Ohio State University. In September 1998, Ohio State announced the establishment of the John Glenn Institute for Public Service and Public Policy at the university and in July of 2006, the Institute merged with Ohio State’s School of Public Policy & Management to form the John Glenn School of Public Affairs.
Glenn has been married to Anna (Annie) Margaret Castor since 1943. They have a son, Dave, and a daughter, Lyn, and two grandchildren.
World-renowned architect and designer
William McDonough is a world-renowned architect and designer and winner of three U.S. presidential awards: the Presidential Award for Sustainable Development (1996), the National Design Award (2004); and the Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award (2003). Time magazine recognized him as a “Hero for the Planet” in 1999, stating that “his utopianism is grounded in a unified philosophy that – in demonstrable and practical ways – is changing the design of the world.” Mr. McDonough has been a leader in the sustainable development movement since its inception. He designed and built the first solar-heated house in Ireland in 1977 while still a student at Yale University and designed the first “green office” in the U.S. for the Environmental Defense Fund in 1985. Mr. McDonough was commissioned in 1991 by the City of Hannover to write The Hannover Principles: Design for Sustainability, the official design guidelines for the 2000 World's Fair which the City presented to the 1992 U.N. Earth Summit in Brazil. He and German chemist Dr. Michael Braungart co-authored Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things (North Point Press, 2002), which has now been published in German, Italian, Spanish, Chinese, and Korean translations.
Mr. McDonough is founder and principal of two design firms. William McDonough + Partners, Architecture and Community Design, has created numerous landmarks of the sustainability movement since 1981, designing homes, offices, corporate campuses, academic buildings, communities, and cities. McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry employs a comprehensive Cradle to Cradle design protocol to chemical benchmarking, supply-chain integration, energy and materials assessment, clean-production qualification, and sustainability issue management and optimization. Mr. McDonough and his firms have received numerous national and international architectural, environmental, industrial and design awards for their work.
A recognized leader in sustainable design and development, Mr. McDonough writes and speaks extensively on his design philosophy and practice. His vision of the hopeful, positive, and inspiring possibilities of an environmentally and economically intelligent future by design has made him a highly sought-after speaker for a wide range of audiences both internationally and in the U.S.
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Xerox Corp
Xerox Corporation, one of the most enduring brands in business today, is the global leader in document management solutions with close to $16 billion in annual revenues. At its helm is Anne Mulcahy, a 30-year veteran of Xerox who began her career selling copiers, and who has, over the last few years, led the company through a massive transformation -- reinventing Xerox into an innovative technology and services enterprise that helps businesses deploy smarter document management strategies and find better ways to work. Building on Xerox's rich heritage of social responsibility, Mulcahy ensures that the company's business decisions and actions are aligned with a clear set of corporate values.
Mulcahy and her team are responsible for an aggressive, multibillion-dollar turnaround plan that returned Xerox to profitability - significantly improving the company’s financial position and expanding its portfolio of systems and services. By maintaining an investment in innovation, Xerox has completely overhauled its product line, winning share in key segments of the market. In addition, the company launched Xerox Global Services, offering content management, imaging and consulting services. The combination of innovative technology and value-added services has delivered strong results, prompting MONEY Magazine to dub Xerox "the great turnaround story of the post-crash era – an IBM for the 2000s."
Anne Mulcahy was named CEO of Xerox on Aug. 1, 2001, and chairman on Jan. 1, 2002. Mulcahy most recently was Xerox president and chief operating officer from May 2000 through July 2001. She began her Xerox career as a field sales representative in 1976 and assumed increasingly responsible sales and senior management positions. In addition to the Xerox board, Mulcahy is a member of the boards of directors of Citigroup Inc., Fuji Xerox Co. Ltd. and Target Corporation, and is a member of The Business Council. She is also a board member of Catalyst, a nonprofit organization supporting women in business.
Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
Antonin Scalia, Associate Justice, was born in Trenton, New Jersey, March 11, 1936. He married Maureen McCarthy and has nine children: Ann Forrest, Eugene, John Francis, Catherine Elisabeth, Mary Clare, Paul David, Matthew, Christopher James and Margaret Jane.
He received his A.B. from Georgetown University and the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, and his LL.B. from Harvard Law School. He was a Sheldon Fellow of Harvard University from 1960–1961.
Justice Scalia was in private practice in Cleveland, Ohio, from 1961–1967. He was a Professor of Law at the University of Virginia from 1967–1971, and at the University of Chicago from 1977–1982. He was a Visiting Professor of Law at Georgetown and Stanford universities. He served as chairman of the American Bar Association’s Section of Administrative Law from 1981–1982, and its Conference of Section Chairmen, 1982–1983.
He served the federal government as General Counsel of the Office of Telecommunications Policy from 1971–1972, Chairman of the Administrative Conference of the United States from 1972–1974, and Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Counsel from 1974–1977.
He was appointed Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 1982. President Reagan nominated him as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and he took his seat September 26, 1986.