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Program Structure

4+1 Structure

The Cleveland Clinic Internal Medicine program adopted a 4+1 structure for resident schedules. The goal of 4+1 structure is to optimize and maximize our residents’ exposure to ambulatory medicine without interfering with training in the inpatient setting. This creates two unique opportunities: 1. The ability to deliver our curriculum in a dedicated manner without interference with clinical duties, and 2. Empowerment of our residents to be the Primary Care Physician (PCP) for their outpatient clinic patients.

All inpatient, consult, and elective rotations are assigned within 4-week blocks called X weeks followed by one week of longitudinal continuity clinic (LCC) defined as Y week.

Structure of X Weeks- Inpatient/Consults/Electives

Primary Inpatient:
General Medicine, Cardiology, Hematology/Oncology, Gastroenterology/Liver, Palliative Medicine, Neurology, Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU), and Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU)

Cardiology Clinic/Consult, Vascular Medicine Clinic/Consult, Gastroenterology Clinic/Consult, ED, Renal Clinic/Consult, General Medicine Consult, Endocrinology Clinic/Consult, Neurology Clinic/Consult, Pulmonary Clinic/Consult, Rheumatology Clinic/Consult, Geriatrics Clinic, and Infectious Disease Clinic/Consult
*These are just a few of the clinical opportunities available at Cleveland Clinic - many residents choose to pursue elective in more specialized areas to position themselves for success in pursuing a job or applying for fellowship.

All inpatient and consult rotations have an embedded curriculum with teaching sessions arranged a few times every week by dedicated faculty in that specialty.

Structure of Y week- LCC

Categorical residents have 1 week of longitudinal continuity clinic every 5 weeks. The preliminary and VA track residents have their elective rotation divided in 1 week blocks. During the LCC week, categorical residents have

  • 6 – ½ days  IM clinic sessions 
  • 2 – ½ days academic half days (one on Monday AM and Tuesday PM) which is their protected learning time 
  • 1 – ½ day for sub-specialty clinic of choice or additional primary care experience 
  • 1 – ½ day for administrative responsibilities
First Year

Typical PGY-1 resident schedule

9-10 inpatient modules.

  • General Medicine Teaching Services (Kimball, Tucker) (8 weeks)
  • Medicine night float (2-4 weeks)
  • Medical Intensive Care Unit (4-8 weeks)
  • Palliative Medicine (0-4 weeks)
  • Green Team (GI/Hepatology) (4-8 weeks)
  • Renal Team (0-4 weeks)
  • Cardiology Teaching Service (0-4 weeks)
  • Hematology/Oncology Service (0-4 weeks)
  • Neurology (or in PGY-2 year) (2-4 weeks)
  • Emergency Department (0-4 weeks)
  • Longitudinal continuity clinic (10 weeks)
  • Elective sub-specialty clinic or consult rotation (4-8 weeks)
  • Vacation (3 weeks, plus float week)
Second Year

Typical PGY-2 resident schedule

6-7 inpatient modules

  • General Medicine Services including night float (4-8 weeks)
  • Medicine night float (0-2 weeks)
  • Coronary Intensive Care Unit (4-8 weeks)
  • Green Team (GI/Hepatology) (0-8 weeks)
  • Renal Team (0-4 weeks)
  • Cardiology Teaching Service (0-8 weeks)
  • Hematology/Oncology Service (0-8 weeks)
  • Medical Intensive Care Unit (0-4 weeks)
  • Subspecialty Consult Services  (4-8 weeks)
  • Subspecialty outpatient Clinic and Research Elective (4-8 weeks)
  • Emergency Department (0-4 weeks)
  • Longitudinal Care Clinic (10 weeks)
  • Vacation (3 weeks plus float week)
Third Year

Typical PGY-3 Resident schedule

5-6 inpatient modules

  • General Medicines Teaching Service (4-8 weeks)
  • Medicine night float  (0-2 weeks)
  • Renal Team (0-4 weeks)
  • Green Team (GI/Hepatology) (0-8 weeks)
  • Cardiology Teaching Service (0-4 weeks)
  • Hematology/Oncology Service (0-4 weeks)
  • Medical Intensive Care Unit (4-8 weeks)
  • Subspecialty Consult Services  (4-8 weeks)
  • Subspecialty Outpatient Clinic and Research Elective (4-10 weeks) 
  • Longitudinal Continuity Clinic (10 weeks)
  • Attendance at Cleveland Clinic IM Board Review Course in June (1 week)
  • Vacation (3 weeks plus float week)

David Gugliotti MD
Director, Hospital Medicine Track
Associate Program Director

Hospital Medicine is a growing and dynamic field of Internal Medicine. Expertise in inpatient medicine includes efficiency of care for hospitalized patients, broad-based knowledge in the management of acute medical conditions, and the ability to manage and succeed in a team environment to improve patient care.

In order to meet these goals, the Internal Medicine Residency Program offers an Inpatient or Hospital Medicine Track to give this increased focus to your training. As an adjunct to the Categorical medicine training, you will have a dedicated 2 month Inpatient Medicine block in both your second and third years (similar to the structure of the Primary Care Track). You will be exposed to concepts of quality and patient safety, care transitions, risk management, infection control, and effective consultative practice. You will also be exposed to concepts of leadership training and be introduced to medical business practices.

This track is designed for residents who are interested in Hospital Medicine careers as well as those who plan fellowship training (particularly fellowships with a strong inpatient focus).

The clinical Hospital Medicine rotation will include one-to-one mentorship with a Hospitalist, following a Hospitalist work schedule. These rotations are done at Fairview Hospital, Hillcrest Hospital, or Medina Hospital, three excellent community hospitals in the Cleveland Clinic Health System. These experiences provide a unique opportunity to learn and practice Medicine in these community settings. Residents will learn clinical medicine, transitions of care, and compare the various hospital systems of care. In addition, patients in the community hospital setting often present with more “bread and butter” medical conditions, compared to many patients seen at the Main Campus tertiary care center who are admitted with more complex situations.

The non-clinical portion of the track is comprised of a variety of educational programs and sessions. Problem Based Learning (PBL)cases are used to guide learning about several areas of systems based practice. These sessions are supplemented with directed seminars about topics important to the practice of inpatient medicine. HMT residents spend time learning the basic concepts of Quality Improvement and Patient Safety; this experience includes the opportunity to interact with leaders in the Cleveland Clinic’s Quality and Patient Safety Institute as wells as the designing a QI/PS project. HMT residents also learn the fundamentals of perioperative medicine through a dedicated curriculum of case-based, didactic, and clinical experiences. A graduated experience is provided to residents in the second year of the track to build on knowledge and skills learned during the first year.

Program Details

Hospitalists are physicians whose primary professional focus is the general medical care of hospitalized patients. The Hospital Medicine track is designed to help physicians become effective agents of change in the complex hospital environment by training them to be leaders in coordinating and participating in the assessment, development and implementation of system improvements. Residents will also become proficient in the care of complex hospitalized patients.

  • Increased experience in both consultative general medicine and perioperative assessment and care.
  • Palliative medicine experience.
  • Dedicated experience in hospital system-based competencies such as patient safety, quality improvement, and risk management.
  • Dedicated experience in leadership skills including team approaches, multi-disciplinary care, management practices, and professionalism.
  • Exclusive one-on-one time spent with experienced academic hospitalists. 

Stacey Jolly MD
Director of Ambulatory Medicine education and Primary Care Track

Medicine is dynamic with multiple opportunities for a meaningful career. At Cleveland Clinic, we are pleased to have an outstanding three year Primary Care Internal Medicine Residency Track that is offered alongside our three-year Categorical Internal Medicine Residency Training Program. The Primary Care Track is designed for residents who wish to prepare for an academic career in General Internal Medicine and/or the practice of Internal Medicine in the ambulatory setting. Interested students are encouraged to apply through ERAS to the Cleveland Clinic’s Primary Care Track Program (NRMP Code: 10751514).

Residents in both Primary Care and Categorical Tracks participate in a dedicated longitudinal continuity clinic (LCC) during their Y weeks. The Y week has dedicated teaching, LCC, and opportunity for an additional ambulatory clinic experience in another practice location or subspecialty clinic. 

Then in the latter half of the year, during the months of January-April, all Primary Care Track residents have primary care blocks for 4-12 weeks along with their standard Y weeks. The primary care blocks allow for a dedicated primary care curriculum, seminars on procedures and topics relevant to outpatient medicine, and experience in appropriate subspecialty clinics to help you prepare for practice of Internal Medicine in the ambulatory setting. For example, there is exposure to office-based dermatology, otolaryngology, women’s health, orthopedics, geriatrics, quality improvement and preventive care among others.

Primary Care Track residents still receive exposure in traditional categorical rotations such hospital medicine, ICU services, and subspecialty services/clinics throughout their three-year residency. Training in the Primary Care Track leaves participants better prepared for the ambulatory focus of their practice and to pursue an academic career in General Internal Medicine. We have an amazing group of dedicated primary care faculty. In addition, residents have the opportunity for mentorship from any of our outstanding staff physicians in the Medicine Institute. We invite you to consider a meaningful career in general internal medicine.

If you are interested in the Cleveland Clinic’s Primary Care Track and would like more information; please contact us at 216.444.2336 or via e-mail:

Primary Care Core Faculty

Stacey Jolly, MD
I am the first in my family to become a doctor and have found a home in general internal medicine. I was drawn by the complexity of symptoms intertwined with disease, amazed at the resiliency of the human experience, and appreciated the focus on prevention and social justice. It is the time in my clinic that I enjoy the most and from those experiences get great ideas for clinical research, quality improvement projects, and medical education.

Catherine Fleisher, MD
I feel fortunate to have chosen my career in general internal medicine as each day meets engaging and stimulating patient care with the benefits of a continuity relationship and opportunities to drive the positive impact of healthcare change for my patient population.

Andrei Brateanu, MD, FACP
I love being challenged by the various presentations of acute and chronic conditions, and solving the puzzles of multiple signs and symptoms that make up the complicated stories of cases I see every day in the clinic. I find it extremely gratifying being able not only to diagnose and treat but also prevent diseases, making sure patients stay healthy so they can enjoy healthy and happy lives. I think knowing your patients, continuing to take care of each and every one of them throughout the years, knowing their stories and being part of their lives is a privilege that very few other professions can offer.

Lakshmi Khatri, MD
Primary care provides an amazing opportunity to take care of patients throughout their adult lives no matter the particular issue at hand. It is truly a privilege to be play such a significant role in the lives of my patients. I feel honored to have these unique relationships with my patients and it keeps me going.

Current Primary Care Track Resident Profiles

Abhishek Karwa, DO 
Training as an engineer has given me the method and tools to look at the system of medicine I practice in and seek out aspects that can be optimized, improved as well as deliver newer solutions. The primary care setting is primed for taking new ideas and bringing them to life through collaboration. I take the responsibility of entrepreneurship and research in the primary care arena very seriously and the opportunities I have received through the primary care track have been everything I could ask for. 

Nabil Madhun, DO
Born and raised in Cleveland, Ohio, I am a lover of all things in this city including the Browns and Cavs. Clinical interests include diabetes, evidence based medicine, and socioeconomic barriers in medicine. Outside of the hospital I enjoy golfing, baseball, snowboarding, and all the great food Cleveland has to offer.

Dhruvika Mukhija, MD
I was born and raised in New Delhi, India’s capital and a perfect representation of modernity and tradition, much like the Cleveland Clinic, where modern medicine and cutting edge research meet the heritage of this wonderful institution. Therefore, when it came to choosing residency programs, Cleveland Clinic’s Primary Care Track was an obvious choice, especially after my Post-Doctoral year here. The ideal mix of clinical training and research, and a rock-solid foundation laid by world-class primary care specialists, who work closely with subspecialty consultants, make this the ideal residency program. Outside of work, I like to spend my free time shopping and eating out at new restaurants (I love Sushi!) and almost equally enjoy relaxing on my couch with a cup of hot chocolate and a nice TV show. Looking forward to the next three years of my training here!

Saad Munzar, MD
As someone who has not had the most straightforward path to residency, I pride myself in being accepting and aspire to make a difference in my patients' lives through honest communication. Apart from medicine, I enjoy watching/playing soccer and producing DIY music. Oh, and I love animals!

Amna Shabbir, MD
Hi everyone! I graduated from Aga Khan University located in the dynamic Pakistani city of Karachi. My experience with primary care during medical school played a key role in my career choice. I am interested in complex management of chronic medical diseases and preventive medicine. I chose Cleveland Clinic internal medicine residency program because of its elaborate Primary Care track. I am very happy with my choice and am excited to explore opportunities in primary care once I graduate.

Maryam Taufeeq, MD
As a little girl, I fantasized about being a doctor, not realizing what the job really entails. I used to have imaginary patients who I counseled and wrote prescriptions for. I never knew this is what I would be doing for the rest of my life. Today, I still have the same passion. I love talking to my patients, building relationships with them and providing them with the skills to manage their own disease. Naturally, I was drawn towards primary care, and was lucky enough to match at Cleveland Clinic which has one of the best primary care track programs in the country.

Preliminary residents typically work as part of a healthcare team which includes a supervising second or third-year resident, an attending physician, and medical students. Preliminary residents spend the majority of the year on core Internal Medicine rotations. 

The 4+1 schedule structure extends to our preliminary track as well. Instead of IM longitudinal clinic, their Y-week will consist of an elective rotation.

Typical schedule for preliminary residents

  • General Medicine Teaching Services (Kimball, Tucker)
  • Subspecialty Services
  • Cardiology Inpatient
  • GI/Hepatology (Green)
  • Hematology/Oncology Inpatient
  • Nephrology
  • Neurology
  • Electives
  • Emergency Department
  • Vacation: 3 weeks plus a float week

Center of Excellence Track

Hosted by the VA Transforming Outpatient Care (TOPC) Program

The Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center
Center of Excellence in Primary Care Education

Mamta K. Singh, MD, MS, FACP
Physician Director, Center of Excellence in Primary Care Education
Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center

As a Categorical Resident, you have the option to participate in the Center of Excellence Track.

This track is designed for physicians with an interest in health care systems, quality improvement, patient safety, and interprofessional collaboration.

During your residency, your schedule will include four outpatient blocks. During the outpatient blocks, you will see patients in a primary care setting at the Cleveland Louis-Stokes Veterans Administration. You will be paired with one other Center of Excellence resident, and together you will share a panel of patients. This unique opportunity provides a great deal of autonomy and unrivaled continuity. Skills and training obtained as a participant in this track will be applicable to all physicians, whether planning further specialty training or a career in primary care.

The Center of Excellence curriculum includes the following:

  • Creation and implementation of Quality Improvement and Patient Safety Projects
  • Yellow belt certification in Lean Six Sigma process improvement training
  • Subspecialty rotations in geriatrics, outpatient procedures, urgent care, and women’s health
  • Subspecialty blocks in the area of your choice at the VA or Cleveland Clinic.
  • Bioethics and health care humanities
1st Year: One Block (12 weeks)
2nd Year: First Block (12 weeks)
Second Block (12 weeks)
3rd Year: One Block (12 weeks)

Background: In January 2011, the Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) received a five million dollar federal grant to offer physician learners a novel and visionary approach to healthcare in the 21st century. In collaboration with the Cleveland Clinic Internal Medicine Residency Program, the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, and supported by the VA Office of Academic Affiliations, the Center of Excellence will prepares caregivers to work in new models of care that demand teamwork and patient centered care. Participants will be offered novel educational opportunities to build on current strengths in the curriculum as well as acquire new skill sets. As a tribute to the success of this program, it was refunded in 2016 for another 3 million dollars over the next 4 years.


The VA Primary Care Clinics: The outpatient clinical experience at the Cleveland VA medical center serves a diverse patient population of varying age and medical complexity with oversight by dedicated faculty who are selected on academic merit and proven commitment to clinical education. In this environment, participants manage patients in collaboration with pharmacists, psychologists, and registered nurses. Emphasis on chronic disease management is provided via traditional office visits, shared medical appointments, tele-health communication, and through utilization of locally-developed diabetes, chronic kidney disease and heart failure disease registries. The Cleveland VAMC has fully implemented the “PACT” (Patient-Aligned Care Team) model (synonymous with patient centered medical home), which provides dedicated interdisciplinary team members to enhance patient care and provider and patient satisfaction.

Curricular Components:

Training in Six Sigma and other Performance Improvement Tools:The Center of Excellence partners with faculty from the Case Weatherhead School of Management to provide the skills and tools necessary to implement quality improvement into the everyday care of patients. Residents receive training in management skills and receive yellow belt certification in Lean Six Sigma process improvement training.

Leadership in Quality Care Improvement:Residents will become competent in leading and incorporating quality measures and performance improvement into the delivery of healthcare. You will have access to chronic disease registries and will be provided various opportunities to learn how to use these tools effectively for panel and population management, and improve safety and quality at the system level.

Interdisciplinary team based care:Residents will engage in a team-based model for healthcare delivery. To facilitate this model, the VA has partnered with CCF and the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing to support the integration of the education of medical residents and nurse practitioner students. As members of a PACT team, residents and nurse practitioners will work collaboratively with RNs, LPNs, social workers, pharm-Ds, health psychologists, as well as dedicated administrative support for a specified panel of patients. The goal of this model is to provide comprehensive patient care while enhancing provider and nursing staff satisfaction.

Proactive Care:Residents will learn motivational interviewing via collaboration with our behavioral health specialists. The will also be teaching patients self-management skills (via collaboration with the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing’s NIH funded Self-Management Advancement through Research and Translation Center).

Real time real patient feedback:Residents will be provided unique opportunities to obtain real-time feedback from selected patients to understand the patient experience along the entire continuum of healthcare as patients experience it. Also, video of patient encounters will be reviewed and critiqued by select staff, in order to improve upon patient care skills.

Humanities in Healthcare: Residents will engage in aNarrative Healthcare Course, which includes pre-designated reading assignments of relevant popular press and movies. Discussion of these selections will occur at regular meetings led by members of the Department of Bioethics and Case Western Reserve University. Additionally, the VA has partnered with the Cleveland Museum of Art to develop anArt in Healthcarecurriculum as well as with the Allen Memorial Art Library to provide a historical perspective to the practice of Medicine and Nursing. Residents participate in live session at theh Cleveland Museum of Art as a portion of their training in humanities in health care.