What happens during the kidney transplant procedure?

Kidney transplantation involves placing a healthy kidney into the body where it can perform all of the functions that a failing kidney cannot.

The new kidney is placed on the lower right or left side of your abdomen where it is surgically connected to nearby blood vessels. Placing the kidney in this position allows it to be easily connected to blood vessels and the bladder. The vein and artery of your new kidney are attached to your vein and artery. The new kidney's ureter is attached to your bladder to allow urine to pass out of your body.

What happens to my old kidneys?

In most cases, the diseased kidneys are not removed. There are three conditions that might require your diseased kidneys to be removed:

  • Repeated infection that could spread to the transplanted kidney
  • Uncontrollable hypertension caused by your original kidneys
  • Backup of urine into your kidneys (a condition called reflux)

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