What is the outlook for people who have bariatric surgery to treat diabetes?

The improvements to blood glucose may start right after the surgery. You will probably be able to reduce the dosage of the diabetes medications. You might even be able to stop taking medications entirely. You will reduce your chances of heart attacks, strokes, and heart and kidney failures. You might be able to stop taking medications for those conditions as well. Sleep apnea and fatty liver should improve.

You will lose weight in the short term and over the long term if you follow the instructions on when to eat, what to eat, and how much to eat. At first, you will have a liquid diet. Over the first month, the diet will transition to solid food with the help of your dietitian.

Depending on the type of surgery and how you heal, you can probably return to work in 3-4 weeks.

You will be asked to keep the scheduled appointments after the surgery for

  • Follow-up after surgery (generally 1 week, 1 month, and then once a year)
  • Lab work (at 6 months, one year, and then once a year)
  • Dietary counseling (at one month, 3 months and then as needed)
  • Psychological counseling (at one month and then as needed) and exercise counseling (at one month and then as needed).
  • Routine healthcare with your primary healthcare provider (as needed)
  • Monthly support group attendance

Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy