For More Information


  • The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. “Aortic Aneurysms.” (2006). (Accessed 18 May, 2006).
  • Vascular Web, Society for Vascular Surgery. “Thoracic Aneurysm.” (2006). (Accessed 18 May, 2006).
  • Vascular Web, Society for Vascular Surgery. “Endovascular Stent Graft.” (Accessed 21 May, 2006).
  • Ouriel, K, Greenberg, RK. Endovascular Treatment of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms. J Card Surg, 2003; 18:455-463.
  • Woo, JY, Bavaria, JE, Mohler, III, ER. Management and outcome of thoracic aortic aneurysm. (December 2005)
  • Greenberg, RK, O’Neill, S, Walker E, Haddad F, Lyden SP, Svensson LG, Lytle B, Clair DG, and Ouriel K. Endovascular repair of thoracic aortic lesions with the Zenith TX1 and TX2 thoracic grafts: Intermediate-term results. Journal of Vascular Surgery, April 2005; 41:589-596.
  • Svensson, LG, Kim KH, Blackstone EH, Alster JM, McCarthy PM, Greenberg RK, Sabik JF, D’Agostino RS, Lytle BW, Cosgrove DM. Elephant trunk procedure: newer indications and uses. Ann Thorac Surg, July 2004;78(1):109-16.
  • Svensson, LG. The elephant trunk procedure: used in complex aortic diseases. Diseases of the aorta, pulmonary and peripheral vessels. Current Opinion in Cardiology, November 2005;20(6):491-95.
  • Svensson, LG. Progress in ascending and aortic arch surgery: minimally invasive surgery, blood conservation, and neurological deficit prevention. Ann Thorac Surg 2002;74:S1786-S1788.
  • Roselli EE, Greenberg RK, PFaff K, Francis C, Svensson LG, Lytle BW. Endovascular treatment of Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. J. Thorac Cardiovascular Surgery. 2007 Jun; 133 (6): 1474-82. Epub 2007 May 2.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 04/29/2019.

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