What treatments are available for temporomandibular disorders (TMD)?

Treatments range from simple self-care practices and conservative treatments to injections and open surgery. Most experts agree that treatment should begin with conservative, nonsurgical therapies, with surgery left as the last resort. Many of the treatments listed below often work best when used in combination.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 05/10/2016.

References

  • National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. National Institutes of Health. TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint and Muscle Disorders) Accessed 6/1/2016.
  • National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. National Institutes of Health. TMJ Disorders Accessed 6/1/2016.
  • Goddard G. Chapter 26. Temporomandibular Disorders. In: Lalwani AK. eds. CURRENT Diagnosis & Treatment in Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery, 3e. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2012. library.ccf.org Accessed 6/1/2016.

Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy