What are some things I can do to help with dizziness and prevent falls?

  • Sit on the edge of the bed for several minutes in the morning before standing up.
  • Change positions or turn slowly and have something nearby to hold onto.
  • Never walk in the dark. Keep walkways well lit. Install night lights in all rooms. Always turn on a light before entering a dark room.
  • Keep medical conditions under control by taking prescribed medications and/or following a prescribed diet.
  • Learn and practice exercises that can improve balance, such as Tai Chi or yoga.
  • Use a cane or walker for more severe walking problems.
  • Wear low-heeled shoes, walking shoes, or other flexible shoes with good traction.
  • Install hand grips in baths and showers.
  • Always use handrails when walking up and down stairs.
  • Remove home hazards such as floor throw rugs, loose electrical cords, stools or other small pieces of furniture that can trip people, and all other floor clutter.
  • Ask your primary care doctor to refer you to a vestibular rehabilitation program. These individualized balance-retraining exercise programs teach ways to decrease dizziness, improve balance, and improve overall ability to perform activities of daily living.
  • If you have dizziness or vertigo, avoid activities such as driving until your doctor gives you approval. Also, avoid any heights, such as climbing a ladder, as they can put you in danger.

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