What are the most common causes of joint pain?

The most common causes of chronic pain in joints are:

  • Osteoarthritis, a common type of arthritis, happens over time when the cartilage, the protective cushion in between the bones, wears away. The joints become painful and stiff. Osteoarthritis develops slowly and usually occurs during middle age.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease that causes swelling and pain in the joints. Often the joints become deformed (usually occurring in the fingers and wrists).
  • Gout is a painful condition where crystals from the body collect in the joint, causing severe pain and swelling. This usually occurs in the big toe.
  • Bursitis is caused by overuse. It is usually found in the hip, knee, elbow, or shoulder.
  • Viral infections, rash, or fever may make joint movement painful.
  • Injuries, such as broken bones or sprains
  • Tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendons, or the flexible bands that connect bone and muscle. It is typically seen in the elbow, heel, or shoulder and is usually caused by overuse.

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